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July 30, 2019

See Why Glo Customers Cannot Call MTN Customers

See Why Glo Customers Cannot Call MTN Customers

See Why Glo Customers Cannot Call MTN Customers
Latest reports have it that more than 46.5 million Glo customers have been restricted from calling any number on the MTN network in Nigeria as both telecommunication companies battle owed "interconnect fees" of 10 billion naira. Calls and texts from Glo customers to MTN customers have been partially restricted since last week; as such, Glo customers receive a voice message such as "you are not allowed to call this number" whenever they call any MTN number. Although MTN customers can call Glo customers, Globacom users are partly restricted from calling MTN customers due to the 10 billion naira interconnect fee.


Remember that NCC granted MTN and Airtel approval in December 2018 to prevent Glo and 9mobile customers from calling their networks for inability to pay Interconnect Debt. Industry analysts say millions more subscribers will face service disruptions in the coming weeks if other "owed" operators are partially disconnected as millions of voices and information pass through the affected exchanges on a regular basis. The Commission has advised that it is also necessary to disconnect 9mobile, Smile and Swift from IHS installations and ATC Wireless Infrastructure Limited.

July 25, 2019

2019 May/June WASSCE/WAEC Result Is Out – See How To Check

2019 May/June WASSCE/WAEC Result Is Out – See How To Check

This is to inform the general public that the 2019 May/June WAEC results (for school candidates) are out. Candidates don’t need to buy any scratch card to check their 2019 WAEC results. The result checker pin and serial number needed by candidates to check results online are contained on candidates' smart identity cards used during the conduct of the examination. 
2019 May/June WASSCE/WAEC Result Is Out – See How To Check
According to WAEC, Candidates who are not indebted to the Council will be able to access or check their results online using the results checker PIN on their smart identity cards used during the conduct of the examination.

How to check 2019 May/June WAEC SSCE result online

1. Go to WAEC result checking portal www.waecdirect.org

2. Enter your 10-digit WAEC Examination Number which comprises your 7-digit centre number and your 3-digit serial number, e.g., 4123456001.

3. Enter the 4 digits of your Examination Year, e.g., 2019).

4. Select the Type of Examination. For this particular examination, choose SCHOOL CANDIDATE RESULTS.

5. Enter the card serial number.

6. Enter the card PIN.

7. Click Submit, and wait for the results window to come up.


How to check 2019 May/June WAEC SSCE result via SMS

In case you want to check your 2019 West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) result via SMS, use the short code format below:

1. In the "create message" box of your mobile phone, type WAEC*Exam No*PIN*Exam Year, e.g., WAEC*4250101001*123456789012*2019, and send message to this code – 32327. This is available to MTN, Airtel and Glo subscribers.

2. Don't fail to adhere strictly to the format above. There should be no space in the message.

3. Wait for your result to be delivered to your phone via SMS. Note that SMS costs N30 Only.

Should you have any problem checking your 2019 WASSCE result, kindly send the following details to waecsupport@fleettechltd.com for verification and assistance. While sending the message, send in this format:

1. Error message displayed

2. Your examination number

3. Type of Exam 

4. Year of Exam.

Good luck!

July 19, 2019

How To Write an Excellent Curriculum Vitae (CV)

How To Write an Excellent Curriculum Vitae (CV)

How To Write an Excellent Curriculum Vitae (CV)
“Interested applicants should send their application letters and CVs to the following address...”

You may have seen this advertisement, at least, once in your life, if you have ever been on a search for a job. But what is this CV that almost every Employer requests from job seekers?

A CV is “a written account of one's life comprising one's education, accomplishments, work experience, publications, etc.; especially, one used to apply for a job.”

Everyone deserves to own a well-prepared Curriculum Vitae (CV). It doesn't matter if you are not ready to apply for a job. A CV primarily helps keep track of your academic and work experiences, before it secondarily helps market oneself to a recruiting agency or any employer. So how do I prepare my CV? What goes into it? Are there types of CV? 

There are, at least, two types of CV; namely, Academic CV and Job CV.

The Academic CV is used to apply for advanced studies, say, Master's degree or Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), and sometimes, for scholarships and graduate assistantships. It usually contains the courses you read in your previous school, degrees and certificates, project work, academic goals, research works, awards, etc.

The Job CV is mainly used to apply for a job. It may not contain all the features that were listed under the Academic CV.

Depending on the type of job one is applying for, it is possible to have a blend of the two types of CV listed above. It behoves you to know what is expected of you as a job seeker or as a student applying for advanced studies.

In almost every CV, you would find some of the following areas:
1. Personal details/Personality Profile 
2. Career/Academic objective
3. Education
4. Professional/Work Experience 
5. Skills set/Other skills
6. Leadership Achievements
7. Extra-Curricular activities
8. Hobbies/Interests
9. Associations/Membership
10. Awards
11. Project and Research Experience
12. Seminars, Workshops, and Conferences attended
13. Referees/Recommenders

Note: Not every area listed above has to be in your CV. Life is too short to be writing lengthy CVs. Life is equally too short for employers to be reading never-ending CVs.

Disclaimer: Whatever you put in your CV, you must be ready to defend it because you found it necessary to put it out, but also remember that whatever you intentionally leave out in your CV may become a subject of discussion during your interview. Be guided.

Areas to consider in your CV

1. Personal details/Personality Profile
Under this, you may want to provide some of the following details:
Name
Date of Birth
Gender
Postal Address
Languages spoken
Marital Status
Religion
Phone number
Email address

Not all these are important and/or compulsory. Areas such as "religion", "marital status", "languages spoken", etc. have become grounds for discrimination, so unless you are so sure providing them would not harm your application, you can leave them out.

2. Career Objective
It may sound difficult to summarise your entire career goals in just one sentence or two, but use these questions as a guide: Why do you want to work in that company? What do you bring on board? What do you seek to achieve in the short term or long term? Note that career objectives may differ from job to job.

The following is an example of a career objective:

"I am a young enthusiastic graduate of Human Resource looking for a firm that works in a highly competitive environment, where I can utilise my skills in customer service and human resource development."

3. Education
This is an important aspect of your CV. You want to prove to your would-be employer that you have the necessary educational qualifications to get you the job.

It is always important to list your current qualifications first before the older ones follow. As you climb higher on the educational ladder, most of your lower qualifications become less relevant so you could leave them out. For each qualification, you may want to indicate the following:
Example
Name of Institution: Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi

Name of Programme/Course: Bachelor of Arts in English

Year Started to Year completed: August 2009 to June 2013.

If the programme was not completed, you can indicate "abandoned"; if you have left it for a while, you can indicate "deferred"; if it hasn't ended yet, you can indicate "in progress" or you can write the start date and indicate "to present".)

4. Professional/Work Experience
This is where you indicate the work or jobs that you have done in your life so far. In many parts of the world, internships, voluntary works, and national service are included. As much as it is possible, focus more on the experiences that have a direct relationship with the work you are currently applying for.

If you don't have any work experience, you may run into few problems, but don't worry, indicate strongly how quick you learn and put it into practical use what you learn.

5. Skill set/Other skills
This refers to the knowledge, abilities, and experience necessary to perform a job. We can distinguish between hard and soft skills.

Hard skills are "teachable abilities or skill sets that are easy to quantify. Typically, you'll learn hard skills in the classroom, through books or other training materials, or on the job." Examples of hard skills are proficiency in a foreign language; typing speed; machine operation; computer programming, photography, editing, etc.

Soft skills are also known as "people skills" or "interpersonal skills". Soft skills relate to the way you relate to and interact with other people. Examples of soft skills are communication; ability to work under pressure; decision-making; time management; self-motivation; team work; conflict resolution; leadership; adaptability, etc.

6. Leadership Achievements
This is one of the optional areas in a CV. Have you held any leadership position? If you have, this is the time to show it. If you haven't, you don't have to lie about it. Some stringent interviewers would ask for certificates to prove that you have indeed held such positions.

Most employers have a strong liking for people who can lead so as much as it is possible, learn to take up leadership roles at school and at work.

Apart from the rich experiences and knowledge you acquire, your leadership achievements give you some leverage over equally competent applicants. On a lighter note, they beautify your CV as well.

7. Extra-curricular activities
These activities include anything (profitable or non-profitable) you do aside your work or school. You could be a volunteer, a philanthropist, a peer counsellor, an online teacher, a freelance poet/writer, a social commentator, a seamstress, a photographer, a regular guest on a TV/Radio show, a home teacher, etc.

Again, this is one of the optional areas in a CV, but it could win you the job you are applying for. Get something extra doing today!


8. Hobbies and Interests
A hobby is an activity that someone does for pleasure when he or she is not working. Examples of hobbies include fishing, watching movies, writing, singing, sound mixing, listening to music, etc.

An applicant should be mindful of what he or she writes as hobbies and interests. Some of them may inadvertently tell the employer what you would be using their internet to do at your leisure at the office.

9. Associations/Membership
Do you belong to any professional body, association, a voluntary club/group? You could indicate them here if you do. Once you have completed a school, you belong to the school's alumni, at least. Where membership numbers are given by your association, you could indicate them.

10. Awards
If you have received any award in the course of your education, work, voluntarism, etc., you could indicate them under "Awards". For example, we could have awards such as, "Best Graduating Student in Mathematics", "Best Student Blogger/Leader/Activist/Politician/Writer", "Best Worker/Employer of the Month/Year", etc.

11. Project and Research Experience
If you have conducted any research or undertaken a project which you think can increase your chances of getting the job, you can include it. "Project and research experience" is necessary when preparing an academic CV, where you indicate your thesis/dissertation/final year project. It informs the school that you have the requisite foundation or background for higher studies and research. 

12. Seminars, Workshops, and Conferences Attended
Knowledge is not only acquired in the classroom or at the workplace. Sometimes, you learn invaluable lessons at trainings, workshops, seminars and conferences. If you have attended any of these, you could list them (including the themes/topics of the seminars and the dates you attended them) under this heading.

For all intents and purposes, you need to attend conferences, not only for the knowledge you would acquire but also for the certificates and mentorship opportunities that would be provided.

13. Referees/Recommenders
A "referee" or "reference" is a person who knows you and who is willing to describe and, usually, praise you, in order to support you when you are trying to get a job, etc. Referees give credence to your application that you are suitable for the job. Always make sure that you inform whoever you choose as a referee so that he or she won't be caught unawares by random calls from your would-be employer.

While the reputation of some referees can get you the job, the names of some referees alone can jeopardise your chances. When you are in such a fix, you could just write, Referee to be provided upon request.

Features of a Good Curriculum Vitae (CV)
Your CV should have the following features:

1. It should be well typed and arranged beautifully. (Most people use "Times New Romans fonts, size 12")

2. It should be free from spelling and grammatical errors. Get a trusted editor/proofreader to go through it for you; it is worth it.

3. It should be brief and straight to the point: quality over quantity.

4. The printout should be legible, devoid of ink spillage, crumpling, mutilation, oil soiling, dirtying, etc.

5. If it is possible, embolden only headings and subheadings.

6. The Table Format and Descriptive Format are both appropriate.

Note: It is preferable and secure to send your CV in Portable Document Format (PDF).

Get a sample CV here

© Eric Nuamah Korankye

July 12, 2019

MTN's 2-Day Plan: Get 2GB and 4GB for N500

MTN's 2-Day Plan: Get 2GB and 4GB for N500

MTN's 2-Day Plan: Get 2GB and 4GB for N500

The everywhere-you-go network and telecommunication giant, MTN, has remained unrelenting in ensuring that its customers get the best data offers. After few weeks of slashing its data prices, MTN has dished out a new and mouth-watering offer that gives old and new customers a whopping 2GB and 4GB for N500 respectively. This offer, if adequately utilized, will be enough to carter for your urgent downloads.

As regards this, MTN has got this to say:
People’s data needs have changed, we recognize that. Our customers need much more and we are delivering that for less.


How to Get MTN 2GB for N500
To get MTN 2GB for N500, dial *131*1*1*5#, or dial *131#, reply with 1, 1 and 5.

How to Get MTN 2GB for N500
To get MTN 4GB for N500, simply get a new MTN SIM card registered, and you will automatically be eligible for MTN's double data offer for 4 months. With your new MTN SIM inserted in your phone, dial *131*1*1*5#, or dial *131#, reply with 1, 1 and 5. Once this is done, you will be given 4GB (instead of the usual 2GB) for N500. You can subscribe to this plan as many times as possible. Remember, the data (2GB or 4GB) is valid for two days.

July 10, 2019

NYSC: The Date for 2019 Batch ‘B’ Stream II Orientation Course Has Been Changed

NYSC: The Date for 2019 Batch ‘B’ Stream II Orientation Course Has Been Changed

This is to inform the general public and all 2019 Batch 'B' Stream II prospective corps members that the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) has changed the date for the 2019 Batch ‘B’ Stream II orientation course which was initially scheduled to commence on Tuesday, July 16, 2019.

The 2019 Batch ‘B’ Stream II orientation course will now commence on Tuesday, August 20 and end on Monday, September 9, 2019. This, according to NYSC, is to enable the Scheme prepare adequately for the successful execution of the orientation course.

Read the circular below for more information.
When is the date for the 2019 batch b stream 2 orientation course?

July 09, 2019

What Is the Difference between “i.e.” and “e.g.”

What Is the Difference between “i.e.” and “e.g.”

What Is the Difference between “i.e.” and “e.g.”

They may be small, but their power to befuddle (I mean to confuse) writers and speakers of the English language is mighty.

The term “i.e.” is a shortening of the Latin expression “id est”, which translates to “that is”. It is used to introduce a rephrasing or an elaboration on something that has already been stated.

The term “e.g.” is an abbreviation of the Latin expression “exempli gratia”, meaning “for the sake of example” or more colloquially, “for example”. This term is used to introduce examples of something that has already been stated.

Examples using i.e. and e.g.
Here is an example using i.e.

“I like citrus fruits, i.e., the juicy, edible fruits with leathery, aromatic rinds.”

In this example, “i.e.” introduces an elaboration on citrus fruits.

Here is an example using e.g.

“I like citrus fruits, e.g., tangerines, lemons, and limes.”

In this example, “e.g.” introduces examples of citrus fruits.

How Do You Correctly Use i.e. and e.g.?
One easy way to remember the difference between these two abbreviations is by employing a simple mnemonic device: think of the ‘i’ at the beginning of “i.e.” as a stand in for the first word in the phrase “in other words”. This indicates that the clause that follows will rephrase or explain the first part of the sentence.

e.g. is a little more straightforward since e stands for exempli, meaning “example”.

And, remember that in formal writing, e.g. and i.e. are often set off in parentheses and followed by a comma; in less formal writing, it is standard to place a comma before and after these terms.

© Joseph Baidoo
Joseph Baidoo is a Ghanaian and is popularly known on social media as Misty Joe.
All right vs Alright: Which Is Correct?

All right vs Alright: Which Is Correct?

All right vs Alright: Which Is Correct?

There is a considerable dispute going on over the spelling of this word. On the one hand, we have many, many people who are in the “all right” camp. They learnt from childhood that “all right” is the correct form and that is it as far as they are concerned. They are outraged that the spelling “alright” should even be mentioned.

However, in the other camp are quite a few people, especially young people, who do not seem to realize that there is anything wrong with “alright” and that is the way they spell it.

Who is right? Well, at the moment, the traditionalists are. “All right” is the only spelling that is considered correct, but all that could change, particularly in informal contexts.

Why has the dispute occurred? Well, it probably has something to do with words such as already and altogether. Some people think that “all right” should be used to indicate that something is completely correct but that “alright” can be used to mean acceptable or satisfactory. But they are wrong – at least for the time being!

© Joseph Baidoo
Joseph Baidoo is a Ghanaian and is popularly known on social media as Misty Joe.

July 07, 2019

Watch all Netflix Contents for Free on Netflix Pro Mod

Watch all Netflix Contents for Free on Netflix Pro Mod

Like GBWhatsapp (which is the “modded” version of the official Whatsapp), Netflix Pro Mod is the “modded” version of the official Netflix. It allows you to watch all contents on Netflix for fee and without registration. All android users who can't watch latest movies, TV shows and series on Netflix because of its monthly subscription fee can use this “modded” version provided they have internet connection. No login details or any form of registration is required.
Watch all Netflix Contents for Free on Netflix Pro Mod

Netflix Pro Mod features all contents on the official Netflix: TV shows, Series and movies. However, unlike the original Netflix that has 4 user limits, Netflix Pro Mod is unlimited. Movies are in Quality HD, Full HD, and Ultra HD. It supports multiple languages.


You can download Netflix Pro Mod using this link. After a successful installation, choose your preferred language and select the movies you wish to stream in HD.

Source: Yomiprof.com

July 05, 2019

NYSC: Date for the 2018 Batch ‘B’ Stream II Corps Members' POP Announced

NYSC: Date for the 2018 Batch ‘B’ Stream II Corps Members' POP Announced

The Director-General (DG) of the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC), Brigadier General Shuaibu Ibrahim, has approved Thursday, 25 July 2019 as the passing-out day for the 2018 Batch ‘B’ Stream II corps members. According to NYSC, the winding-up/passing-out exercise will be “low key”.

Below is the programme of activities:

1. Tuesday, 23 July, 2019: Release of passing-out corps members by Employers.

2. Wednesday, 24 July 2019: Signing of final clearance by Zonal Inspectors.

b. Administration of questionnaire (Form 48) on 30% of the passing-out corps members.

3. Thursday, 25 July 2019: Distribution of Certificates of National Service to deserving corps members at Local Government Level.

I wish you all the best!
NYSC: Date for the 2018 Batch ‘B’ Stream II Corps Members' POP Announced

July 04, 2019

Tested: A Perfect Way To Fix GBWhatsapp's "Temporarily Banned" Issue

Tested: A Perfect Way To Fix GBWhatsapp's "Temporarily Banned" Issue

It is no news that the management of the official Whatsapp (owned by Facebook founder, Mark Zuckerberg) has been prosecuting GBWhatsapp users by permanently prohibiting them from using both GBWhatsapp and the official Whatsapp. However, such prohibition does not happen immediately as GBWhatsapp users are given several warnings before being banned permanently. Unlike those who take the warnings seriously by quickly resorting to the official Whatsapp, those who take the warnings lightly by ignoring them get their GBWhatsapp numbers banned permanently.
Tested: A Perfect Way To Fix GBWhatsapp's "Temporarily Banned" Issue
Well, I won't blame those who got their GBWhatsapp numbers banned permanently because it is really painful to leave your duplex for a hut. GBWhatsapp is too good to be forgotten – the too many privileges it accords its users is second to none. If Mark Zuckerberg wants people to stick to his app (the official Whatsapp), he has to make it “tasty” and “rich” for users' consumption. Nobody prefers a poor man to a rich man. We all want to live in affluence. But if we can't, we should at least be allowed to enjoy such luxury from those who voluntarily let it out. 


Therefore, kindly do the following if your GBWhatsapp keeps notifying you that you are temporarily banned from using Whatsapp:*

1. Don't wait until you are permanently banned.*

2. Uninstall your GBWhatsapp. Do not update it with its latest version. UNINSTALL IT!*

3. Download v7.35 of GBWhatsapp HERE. Click on "Download File" to download GBWhatsaap.

4. Open and install.*

5. Launch GBWhatsapp.

6. You are good to go.

Bonus
Click on “Restore” when you open your GBWhatsapp to restore your pervious GBWhatsapp setting, If you are unable to restore your settings, go to your phone's settings, click on “Apps” or “Apps and Notification”, search for “Whatsapp” by scrolling down. Once you see the Whatsapp app icon, grant permission by clicking on the button close to the Whatsapp icon. Open your GBWhatsapp and click on "Restore".

July 03, 2019

The Difference between “Lighting”, “Lightning” and “Lightening”

The Difference between “Lighting”, “Lightning” and “Lightening”

The Difference between “Lighting”, “Lightning” and “Lightening”

These words can be very confusing but let's end the confusion today. Lighting is a noun. It is the arrangement or type of light in a room, house, etc.; for example, "The lighting in the room was poor/bright". Lighting is pronounced approximately as /lai tin/ but accurately as /ˈlaɪ.tɪŋ/.

Lightning can be used as a noun and as an adjective. As a noun, it means "a flash, or several flashes of very bright light in the sky caused by electricity." For example, "Thunder and lightning", "a flash of lightning" etc. Lightning is pronounced approximately as /lait nin/ but precisely as /ˈlaɪt.nɪŋ/.

Lightening can also be used as a verb and as an adjective. As a verb, lightening is the present participle of lightenLighten means "to become less dark" or "to make something become brighter or lighter in colour". To lighten also means "to reduce the amount of work, debt, load, worry, etc." The other verb forms are "lightens", "lightened" and lightening. For example, "He was interested in lightening our burdens." Lightening is pronounced approximately as /lai ti nin/ but accurately as /ˈlaɪ.tənɪŋ/.

© Eric Nuamah Korankye (Hamlet)

July 02, 2019

9mobile's New SuperTV App Lets You Watch High Classic Movies without Internet Data

9mobile's New SuperTV App Lets You Watch High Classic Movies without Internet Data

The competition between telecommunication companies in Nigeria is obviously getting fierce every day as each of these telecommunication companies looks for possible ways to keep its existing customers and cajole prospective customers. Barely a year after Airtel Nigeria launched its 3flix TV App, 9mobile has introduced its SuperTV App which gives customers access to watch their favourite movies and TV series anywhere in Nigeria. 
9mobile's New SuperTV App Lets You Watch High Classic Movies without Internet Data

The intriguing part is that customers in all nooks and crannies of Nigeria can watch their favourite movies and TV shows on their smartphones or tablets with zero data or internet cost, or without any form of deduction from their existing data. 

9mobile's SuperTV features Hollywood movies, Nollywood movies, Bollywood movies, Kannywood movies, Live TV shows, documentaries, comedies, lifestyle, music and lot more on any connected device such as Andriod phone, iPhone, iPad, desktop, Laptop, Mac and Smart TV.
9mobile's New SuperTV App Lets You Watch High Classic Movies without Internet Data

9mobile's SuperTV is exclusively for 9mobile customers. Therefore, you must have a 9mobile SIM card (if you don't have) to enjoy the amazing features of 9mobile's SuperTV. It also offers daily, weekly and monthly subscription plans. However, for a trial, customers are granted access to enjoy its contents for seven days.  

Android users can download 9mobile's SuperTV on play store here; iOS users can download it on iTunes whereas windows users should download it on windows stores.

After downloading the app,

• Launch the app on your device.

• You’ll be logged in automatically as long as you are on the 9mobile network.

• Click “SUBSCRIBE NOW,” and select your preferred plan.

• Relaunch the app, and then sign out from the drop-down menu.

• Launch the app again, and start watching your favourite movies and TV shows.

Generally, 9mobile's SuperTV can be accessed using this url https://supertv.ng/ on chrome or Firefox browser

Should you encounter any problem while logging in,

1. Turn off your WiFi.

2. Make 9mobile SIM your primary data SIM if you are using a dual-SIM phone.

3. Change your APN setting from WAP to 9mobile.

4. And turn on your 9mobile data/internet connection.

5. Enjoy yourself!

The Nativisation of English: How the English Language Has Been “Nativised” in Nigeria

The Nativisation of English: How the English Language Has Been “Nativised” in Nigeria

The Nativisation of English: How the English Language Has Been “Nativised” in Nigeria

An old saying has it that “When you go to Rome, you behave like the Romans.” This is, as matter of certainty, true because no entity (person or organisation) remains the same having broken forth into a new and an unfamiliar environment or atmosphere. The English language, as a linguistic medium or tool, is a living entity; it is an animate constituent. And from the stables of the native speakers of English, the Britons, English has evolved and has travelled from region to region and around the world.

However, English hasn't remained unchanged in the course of her journey. She has actually bowed to the insurmountable law and demands of nativisation at different points in time and at different locations. What then is nativisation as a process that the English language must undergo?

Nativisation is the domestication or indigenization of a foreign language to reflect the cultural, political, psychological and socioeconomic demands and provisions of the linguistic environment where it is found. In simpler terms, it is the bending of an alien language which is not indigenous to the linguistic situation in order to suit the linguistic demands of the users within the particular space.

The nativisation process is one that is seen around the world, both on English and other international languages too. In the context of English, the term “nativisation” refers to the changes which English has undergone as a result of its contact with various languages in diverse cultural and geographical settings in the Outer Circle of English which includes South Asia, South East Asia, West Africa, Malaysia etc. Such contact with the Outer Circle has given rise to many varieties, which differ from the “standard” to “nonstandard” varieties. These new varieties are Nigerian English (henceforth NE), Ghanaian English, Indian English, Cameroonian English etc.

In this article, however, we shall look at the nativisation of English in Nigeria – that is, how the English language has been adapted by Nigerians for home use and made applicable to our numerous conveniences, experiences, nuances and sensibilities. As such, we can no longer talk about British or Queens English in Nigeria, but rather the nativisation of English language in Nigeria, which is the use of English language in Nigeria to portray our world’s views, social life, culture and religious life. (Bamgbose 1995 p. 26) asserts that the English language has been pidginised, nativised, acculturated and twisted to express unfamiliar concepts and modes of interaction. Such nativisation, pidginisation and acculturation will be discussed under three broad headings: grammar, syntax and phonology.

GRAMMAR
Grammar deals with how a language is internally structured or organised to make meaning. It is the rule governing correct usage in a particular language. It is a known fact that every language is governed by rules which users must strictly adhere to as violation (of any of these rules) results in error. However, in order to portray the Nigerian experience which the English language cannot adequately capture, Nigerian English speakers pay little or no attention to correct use of determiners, articles, prepositions, noun markers and have also resorted to the use of coinages. 

Wrong Use of Prepositions 

Nigerian English (NE): He requested for his book.

Standard English (SE): He requested his book.

NE: Tammy contested for an election.

SE: Tammy contested an election.

NE: Tammy always heeds to his parents' advice

SE: Tammy always heeds his parents' advice.

Omission of Articles

NE: I gave him money.

SE: I gave him some money.

NE: He bought coke and biscuit for his younger brother.

SE: He bought a bottle of coke and some biscuits for his younger brother.

NE: Give me water.

SE: Give me some/a glass of water.

NE: Stop making noise.

SE: Stop making a noise.

The Use of Demonstrative Pronouns together with Determiners (Possessive Adjectives)

NE: This your child is cute.

SE: This child of yours/This child/Your child is cute.

NE: I met that your friend last week.

SE: I met your friend last week.

NE: That my uncle is wicked.

SE: My uncle/That uncle of mine is wicked.

The Use of Prepositions as Verbs

NE: Off the light.

SE: Switch off the light.

NE: On the generator.

SE: Turn on the generator.

The Duplication of Adjectives, Adverbs and Adjuncts
Nigerian English speakers duplicate certain adjectives, adverbs and adjuncts in sentences for emphasis or to show greater intensity, especially when they want to sound more essential or urgent than it would otherwise have been.
Examples:
The use of smartphones in this era is very very necessary.

Could you please come now now?

Tammy likes big big shorts. (Oversize shorts)

Please remove it fast fast.

My mum bought fine fine things for me.

The Use of Exclamations 
For purpose of emphasis, Nigerian English speakers use exclamations the same way they are used in their indigenous languages.
Examples:
I can't do it o

It is not fair o

You don't know me o

I'm not joking o

Leave it e

If I beat you ehn, you will hate yourself.

Coinages
These are expressions or words that are invented to reflect the Nigerian experience. These expressions are used in contexts where the English language lacks the ability to project the desired effect.

Below are instance of coinages in Nigerian English. Take note of the italicized words or group of words.

My uncle bought five crates of minerals for his wedding ceremony. (Soft drink).

Most of them live in face-me-I-face-you (A public yard).

You are a four-one-nine/r (trickster).

My aunty sells okrika (fairly used clothes).

He is a woman-wrapper (a derogatory term for a man who behaves like a woman or is assumed to work in accordance with his wife's instructions).

She is a woman with bottom power (a term used to describe a woman who gets whatever she wants through s3x).

To get a job in an oil company in Nigeria is based on man-know-man (personal connection).

Her father is a juju priest (witch doctor).

My father is a big man (wealthy man).

He is building an upstair in his father's compound. (A storey building)

I don't like I-pass-my-neighbour (a low capacity generator).

I hate mago-mago (manipulation).

Nigerian politicians are only interested in the national cake (collective wealth of the  people).

When is the traditional wedding coming up? (A wedding approved by the customs and traditions of the people)

I dislike people who have big eye (a coinage for “greed”). The standard form is “I dislike greedy people.”

You should be here before cock crows (very early in the morning).

Yesterday, my friend and her fiancé did their introduction (formal presentation of the bridegroom and his relatives to the bride and her relatives).

SYNTAX
Syntax deals with how words are combined to form phrases and sentences. The dichotomy between the syntactic structure of the English language and Nigerian indigenous languages results in ‘wrong ordering’ of English sentences by Nigerian English speakers. This usually occurs when there is a direct transfer of mother tongue to the English language. In Standard English, determiners usually precede nouns, but in Nigerian English, they are often placed after nouns due to direct transfers from mother tongue. There is also the duplication of determiners in Nigerian English. Below are some illustrative examples:

NE: Tammy gave the children five five naira each.

SE: Tammy gave the children five naira each.

NE: He sells fine fine things.

SE: He sells quality/beautiful things.

NE: Your car does not have a plate number.

SE: Your car does not have a number/licence plate.

NE: Give me bread two loaves.

SE: Give me two loaves of bread.

Other nativised expressions in Nigerian English are:

NE: I was in the bus when he called me. This expression is used when travelling by bus.

SE: I was on the bus when he called me.

NE: My brother's son is here.

SE: My nephew is here.

NE: He is a watch night.

SE: He is a watchman.

NE: Tammy is my junior brother.

SE: Tammy is my younger brother.

NE: My oga at the top/big oga will sack me if I let you in.

SE: My boss will sack me if I let you in.

NE: We have sent for the medicine man.

SE: We have sent for the herbalist/diviner.

NE: He died on top of her.

SE: He died while making love to her/He died while having sex with her.

NE: Have you experienced Lagos' go-slow?

SE: Have you experienced Lagos' traffic jam?

NE: I get my clothes from a bend down boutique.

SE: I get my clothes from a flea market.

NE: Gone are the days when girls rushed handsome boys.

SE: Gone are the days when girls chase after/woo handsome boys.

The expressions above show that the syntax of Nigerian English does not violate the rules of English; it is only different from the Standard English in terms of structure. And this is because Nigerians transfer the nuances of their local languages to the English language.

PHONOLOGY  
The absence of certain English sounds in Nigerian indigenous languages has made it difficult for Nigerian English speakers to correctly pronounce certain English words.  Many Nigerian languages do not have the dental fricatives /θ, ð, z/ and the affricates /tʃ and dʒ/. As a result, the production of these sounds in certain English words becomes a major challenge for Nigerians. For example, thee dental sound /θ/ in ‘truth’, ‘thank’, ‘thrust’ is pronounced /t/ by Nigerians. The affricate /tʃ/ in ‘church’, ‘cheat’ and the palato alveolar fricative /ʒ/ in ‘pleasure’, measure etc. is realized as /ʃ/ by Nigerians.

Nigerians also have a way of shortening almost all long vowels of English. For example, the long /i:/ in ‘seat’ is pronounced /ɪ/, so you hear ‘sit’ instead of ‘seat’. In the same vein, the long vowels in ‘part’, ‘pool’, ‘port’ and ‘bird’ are usually shortened, so you hear ‘pat’, ‘pull’, ‘pot’ and ‘bed’ respectively.

The foregoing validates the claim that Nigerian English exists and is a variety of English used by Nigerians to communicate across sociocultural boundaries. Though it is a variety that is distinct from that of the native speaker, we still try to keep certain rules in order to maintain international communication and intelligibility in cross-cultural communication, without necessarily sounding like a native speaker.