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Aug 21, 2019

SCHOOL NA SCAM: How True Is This Statement?

SCHOOL NA SCAM: How True Is This Statement?

If you're a student in Nigeria, then you must have heard the controversial "School Na Scam" slang currently parading itself in arguably every tertiary and secondary institution across the country. The ardent bearers of this slang believe and profess, in a metaphorical way, that tertiary institutions are equivalent to scam, that these tertiary institutions are a fraudulent scheme that will extort from us and only offer in return what will prove to be of no relevance at the end. As such, they (the proponents of ‘school na scam’ slang) emphasize that it is better to drop out of school after having your senior school certificate to find a living and begin a new phase of life rather than press further.
SCHOOL NA SCAM: How True Is This Statement?

Without any doubt, the basis of this belief is centred on the impression that graduating from the university does not necessarily give the assurance that our mission towards financial security and a better standard of living will be successful. So, instead of spending time, money and energy on acquiring a certificate that could end up having little or no relevance, it is better to channel those resources elsewhere. 

But how true can this be? Has school become a genuine metaphor for scam? While I feel inclined to give a quick, direct response to these two questions, especially the second, it is better to first dig deep and explore their overall credibility, starting with tracing the origin of this slang. 

School Na Scam is a song title by Zlatan Ibile, a prominent indigenous rapper and graduate of Moshood Abiola Polytechnic. And its release coincides with this moment when even active learners of various levels are struggling to validate the common sense in obtaining a higher learning certificate, when employment opportunities are scarce and virtually beyond acquisition. Little wonder why the song was quick to resonate with them, especially the line that draws a striking financial comparison between two people: an O-level citizen living in affluence and a graduate struggling to make ends meet.

Surely, those who profess this slang have the ground to exert their belief considering the current state of the nation's economy and how the government has floundered in its essential obligation to ensure that the windows of opportunity are constantly opened to her graduates immediately after their passage from the university. But will the incompetence of the government be blamed on school? The answer is no. 

Education still offers the best and surest path to rising above the average standard of living in Nigeria. Though many may continue to feel skeptical about its assurance, the statistical evidence gathered from the recent Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination does well to affirm this declaration. A massive 1.8 million candidates veered for admission into various tertiary institutions across the country via JAMB's Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) while another reported 20,000 candidates enrolled in the IJMB program. 

These numbers tell the hidden story of how Nigerians still view advanced learning as an integral step they must take in order to achieve their different aspirations that culminate with financial security. To this set of persons, higher education translates to critical thinking, refined communication skill, greater competence and other social skills. And this means more opportunities in workplaces as industries are always in search of talented individuals in their respective fields.

Though these opportunities may seem limited, those who possess the skills (acquired from tertiary institutions) are still at an advantage. They can find multiple ways to improvise and use their skills effectively in any form these opportunities may come. Take my friend Tammy as a typical example. Tammy is a graduate of English and Literary Studies, Niger Delta University, whose love for teaching English as a second language and providing students with useful educational and secular information resulted in the creation of this blog. Instead of going from one principal's office to another in search of a job as an English teacher, he jumped on the speed wagon that modern technology has provided through blogging and social media platforms like Facebook to carry out his profession even more effectively than the physical classroom teacher. This makes him a self-made entrepreneur. If those students who exclaim school na scam take time to observe deeply, they will also find other ways to put their knowledge and certificate to use without worrying about government provisions.

There may be hard evidence to suggest why school has become a scam, but the proponents of this slang are those who have either lost faith in education or their own intellectual ability to attain academic success in college. And that is why the slang has failed to inspire anything positive in our communities. Instead, it has resulted in a fraudulent internet scheme popularly known as “Yahoo”. This is indeed an amusing paradox because scammers are the ones calling school a scam.

Therefore, any student who finds repose in this assertion should quickly have a change of mindset and regard it as another form of distraction to avoid. School is not a scam. But some misplaced perceptions have given the wrong impression that it has failed in its responsibility to guarantee our financial security even when that is really not its job. 

Maybe what we all need is a timely reminder on the simple definition of school to realize its primary responsibility. A school (whether primary, secondary or tertiary) is an institution where people receive formal education. And nobody can stake a claim that it hasn't shown competence in this regard.

© Victor Wisdom 

Aug 20, 2019

Make Your Video Streaming and Download Better by Downloading YouTube++

Make Your Video Streaming and Download Better by Downloading YouTube++

It's not like we don't want channel owners to make money out of their videos, but those annoying 5-second ads can be frustrating. And now that Google is planning a compulsory 15–20-second ad, you'll be bailed out by Youtube++. YouTube++, the best streaming site, is one of the best alternatives to the main YouTube app.
Make Your Video Streaming and Download Better by Downloading YouTube++

YouTube++ is an incredibly tweaked version of the official YouTube app that has more features than the official YouTube app. There are many cool features in this modded YouTube app such as video playback with background music, video downloading and many other cool characteristics without irritating advertisements.

Features of YouTube ++
1. Download videos to your device
2. Block Ads
3. Play video/audio in the background
4. Set video playback speed (0.5x – 2.0x)
5. Auto-replay videos
6. Disable age restrictions
7. Forward/Rewind controls with custom number of seconds
8. Default playback quality
9. Audio player for downloaded videos
10. Get rid of annoying ads
11. Hide annoying video suggestions etc.

How to Download YouTube ++ on Android and iOS

For Android
  1. Download YouTube++ Apk Latest Version here or alternatively here.
  2. Enable Unknown sources from Settings menu of your Android device.
  3. Now open file browser of your device and locate the downloaded apk file
  4. Tap on the YouTube++ Apk file to install it
  5. Wait for the process to get finished.
  6. Once completed, open and enjoy on your Android device.
For iOS Devices

Step 1: Go to Safari browser on your iOS device and visit, then tap English, and follow the steps to install its configuration profile.

Step 2: After installing the configuration profile, now go back to the Home Screen and open ftOS. Now, switch to the ftStore tab and select “App mods more feature”.

Step 3: After going to “App mods more feature” tab, scroll a little bit, and you can see Youtube++ app there. If there is green mark before YouTube++, then you are ready to install the app. Open it and tap on “Install” option.

Step 4: Once installation is complete, go to Settings and trust the developer in your device. Settings -> General -> Profile and Device Management. Under the Enterprise App section, the app profile that belongs to the app just installed. Open the profile, tap on the trust button and confirm one more time. Launch and enjoy the app.

Aug 18, 2019

Biblical Facts about the Trinity – Reno Omokri

Biblical Facts about the Trinity – Reno Omokri

Biblical Facts about the Trinity – Reno Omokri

Billions of Christians in the Catholic, Anglican and Evangelical churches around the world are united by a common doctrine called The Trinity.

The Trinity has not always existed. For the first 300 years of Christianity, there was nothing like the Trinity. The word does not exist in the Holy Scriptures. It was introduced by the Holy Roman Catholic Church during the First Council of Nicaea in the year 325 AD.

After the Council of Chalcedon decided to alter the nature of Christ and change Him from the Son of God to God the Son in AD 451, many churches broke away from Christendom and coalesced into what is now known loosely as Orthodox Churches, some of which reject the Trinitarian doctrine.

According to the official creeds of the Catholic, Anglican and the World Evangelical Alliance, the Trinity is a doctrine that projects one God in three Divine Persons, in which the three Persons are co-equal and co-eternal and omniscient.

Now, I am not going to give my opinion about the Trinity. Rather, I will let The Holy Scriptures speak.

Is there co-equality between God, His Son and the Holy Spirit? In John 14:28 The Son said “My Father is greater than I.” Obviously, that verse contradicts the first leg of the Trinity. During my investigations, I confronted a member of the US Southern Baptist Convention about this and I will quote his response verbatim. He said “Jesus was just being modest”.

Almighty God is omniscient. He knows all things. But is His Son omniscient? In Matthew 24:36, The Son said “"But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, NOR THE SON, but only the Father.”

It is clear from the above Scripture that only The Father is omniscient.

So where does the biblical authority for the Trinity come from? It comes from 1 John 5:7 in the King James Version. That verse says:

“there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.”

Now here is the problem. When you read the original Greek manuscript, that verse does not exist. This is not even an argument or controversy. It is a FACT. Both the Catholic and Anglican Church admit that those words are not to be found in the original Scriptures.

I know right now your religious spirit is telling you that Reno Omokri is deceiving you. Okay. Open any other version of The Bible other than the King James Version and read 1 John 5:7.

I will now quote it in the NIV, NLT, ESV and the Aramaic Bible in Plain English:

“there are three that testify”-NIV
“we have these three witnesses”-NLT
“there are three that testify”-ESV
“The Spirit testifies because The Spirit is the truth.”-Aramaic Bible in Plain English.

So where does the KJV get the part that justifies the Trinity? From men, not from God. Why did they do it? I do not know. But what I know is that most, if not all, the scholars who translated the Holy Scriptures into the KJV were high level Masons, including King James who was a Master Mason of the 33rd Degree (the highest level of Freemasonry). This is not arguable or controversial. It is a historical fact that is not even hidden.

Many Christians try to use John 1:1 to justify the Trinity. They quote it as “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”

But that is not what it says in the original Greek manuscripts. I have The Original Manuscript. I tweeted and facebooked a picture of it. The first mention of God in the original Manuscript is Theon, while the second word used is Theos. These are Greek words that have significance. For instance, Greeks called Zeus, who is the head of their pantheon of gods, Theon. They call Zeus’ children Theos. For instance, Dionysius, the son of Zeus is referred to as Theos.

People erroneously cite Philippians 2:6 in the KJV as justification for the Trinity. That verse says:

“Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be EQUAL with God:”

Actually that is a wrong translation. If you read the original Scriptures, you will see for yourself that translations, such as the ESV, and the NASB are more accurate. They say:

“though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped.”

What this means is that Yeshu’a, our Saviour, did not try to be equal with the Most High. satan did it. The Holy Scriptures record satan as saying “I will ascend above the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High."-Isaiah 14:14.

Yeshu’a had an even better opportunity to do what satan attempted, but He did not do it. That is why God promoted Him and said “in The Name of Yeshua, every knee shall bow, which is in Heaven and in The Earth and which is under The Earth.”-Philippians 2:10 (Aramaic Bible in Plain English),

But then some read the above verse and still use that to justify the Trinity. Before you do that, I urge you to read and understand 1 Corinthians 15:27-28. Those verses say:

“For he "has put everything under his feet." Now when it says that "everything" has been put under him, it is clear that this does not include God himself, who put everything under Christ. When all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself will also be subjected to Him who put all things in subjection under Him, that God may be all in all.”

I know this is a lot to take in. It is possible I have upset a lifetime of religious programming. However, you will agree with me that I have backed everything I have said from Scripture. I have said what I studied, researched, investigated and prayed over. I went physically to these places mentioned in the Holy Scriptures. I went to Israel, Rome, The Vatican, Corinth and Athens in Greece, Ethiopia and Palestine. I never wanted to do this. But I believe God will not be happy with me if I act the coward like Jonah. A popular and well respected Pentecostal pastor, who agrees with these things, appealed to me not to reveal them. But I have achieved everything I want to achieve on earth. If I die without saying this, I will not be fulfilled.

Bear in mind that the Trinity did not exist for the first 300 years of Christianity. The doctrine was invented in 325 AD. What did Paul say about this?

“The Spirit clearly says that in later times some will abandon the faith and follow deceiving spirits and things taught by demons.” – 1 Timothy 4:1

Others will ask how this builds faith. My response to them is this-is faith built on a lie still faith or is it delusion?

Sadly, many people go to Business Centres, and think they are going to church. They will hear more about money than about God. After years of attending church, they know more about their congregations and pastors than about the Holy Scriptures, but they will come here to attack me for saying the truth.

© Reno Omokri

Aug 13, 2019

How to Block Others from Adding You to Whatsapp Groups without Your Consent

How to Block Others from Adding You to Whatsapp Groups without Your Consent

How to Block Others from Adding You to Whatsapp Groups without Your Consent
It is no news that Whatsapp now has a feature which prevents others from adding you to Whatsapp groups without your consent. This feature gives you total control as regards who can add you to Whatsapp groups and has come as a big relief, especially for those who were annoyed by getting randomly added to WhatsApp groups. WhatsApp users can enable this privacy setting by going to Setting, Account, Privacy and Groups. Check the guide below.

ALSO READ: A Perfect Way To Fix GBWhatsapp's 'Temporarily Ban' Issue

To enable this feature, go to Settings in your app, tap Account, Privacy, Groups, and select one of three options: “Nobody,” “My Contacts,” or “Everyone.”

Nobody means nobody can add you to any Whatsapp group without your consent. You will have to approve joining every group to which you’re invited.

My Contacts means only users you have in your address book can add you to groups.

In those cases, the person inviting you to a group will be prompted to send a private invitation through an individual chat, giving you the choice of joining the group. You will have three days to accept the invitation before it expires. With these new features, users will have more control over the group messages they receive.

Aug 12, 2019

Best Daily Data Plans for MTN, Airtel, Glo and 9mobile Users

Best Daily Data Plans for MTN, Airtel, Glo and 9mobile Users

I'm sure there are things to download, movies to stream, music to listen to, and eviction show to watch in this season of celebration. You're certainly going to need something inexpensive to surf the net with, and that's why I have compiled inexpensive data plans for downloads and browsing.
Best Daily Data Plans for MTN, Airtel, Glo and 9mobile Users
You can get 4GB for N500 (New MTN Sim, valid for 2 days), 1GB for N200 (dial *131*65*2#), 1GB for N350 (dial *131#. It is valid for a day), or 2GB for N500, valid for 2 days.

Airtel NG
Airtel Binge offers subscribers 2GB for N500 and 1GB for N350 for subscribers who simply have heavy files to download. This data plan is valid for 24 hours and also works on Android, iPhone, PC and any other internet-enabled devices.
To get 1GB for N350, dial *141*354#
To get 2GB for N500, dial *141*504#.

Glo also offers subscribers 1GB for N300 and 2GB for N500.  If Glo network reception is stable in your location, you can choose either of these plans. Dial *777#, follow the prompt, and choose special data offer.

Subscribers have always complained that 9mobile data is not user-friendly, but by offering them a 50 percent data bonus on MoreBlaze, 9mobile wants to correct this wrong impression. Within the validity period of your present data plan, you can get up to 50 percent bonus on your next data purchase. All you need to do is renew your present data subscription before it expires. For instance, you will receive 1.5GB of data if you renew your 1GB data plan before it expires. To start with, dial *200*3*1#. Dial *228# to check your data balance.

Aug 6, 2019

What Are Nominal Adjectives?

What Are Nominal Adjectives?

Typically speaking, adjectives are known to modify nouns. Interestingly, however, English grammar, like some other languages, allows some adjectives to function as nouns. These adjectives are called nominal adjectives.

What are nominal adjectives?
Nominal adjectives are adjectives that perform the function of a noun in a sentence. They are preceded by the definitely article ‘the’ and can be found as the subject or the object of a sentence or clause.
1. The elderly are a great source of wisdom.

2. The just have their rewards in Heaven.

3. The opposite of up is down.

4. The best is yet to come.

In the examples above, the nominal adjectives do not modify any other noun. They’re acting as nouns themselves.

Specifically, they are performing the function of the subject of the sentences, but, as we mentioned, they can also function as objects.
1. We should treat the elderly with respect. (‘the elderly’ is an object of ‘treat’.)

2. This law protects the innocent.
(‘the innocent’ is object of the verb ‘protects’.)

3. We all want the best for her. (‘The best’ is an object of  ‘want’.)

Uses of Nominal Adjectives
Nominal adjectives perform several different functions. Some nominal adjectives are used to refer to a group of people who all share a certain characteristic, which can be a physical or non-physical characteristic. Other nominal adjectives refer to a characteristic of an individual person or thing. We’ll look at each type of nominal adjective separately.

Collective Adjectives
Collective adjectives are nominal adjectives that are used to refer to groups of people. Sometimes they refer to a shared physical characteristic, such as the blindthe deafthe short, or the tall. Other times, they refer to non-physical characteristics like the hardworkingthe intelligentthe poor, or the rich.

In each of these cases, the nominal adjective takes the place of a lengthier description, such as “all the people who are rich,” or “all the intelligent people.”

Collective adjectives can also refer to some nationalities, such as the Chinesethe English, or the French.

Collective (Nominal) Adjectives vs Collective Nouns
So what is the difference between collective nouns and collective adjectives?

1. Collective nouns are always nouns that refer to a group of things or people; e.g.,  a group, a bunch, etc.

Here, group and bunch are both nouns ‘naturally’. By naturally,  I mean that it is the word group to which they belong and, as such, are not acting as nouns but rather are nouns.

However, nominal adjectives are typical  adjective that only function as nouns in a certain usage circumstance.

2. Collective nouns are used basically with singular verbs, but can sometimes be used with plural verbs when they refer to the individual members of a group.

Note, however, that the above is only the case in British English as, in American English, collective nouns are always singular and go with singular verbs.

3. Collective adjectives, on the other hand, are always plural so go with plural verbs.

Collective Adjectives and Non Collective Adjectives
You can see that whilst I've just said that collective adjectives always take plural verbs, we can see examples 3 and 4 using singular verbs. It is so because not all nominal adjectives are collective adjectives. Confused? Don't be, dear.

We are treating nominal adjectives, and it's important to note that nominal adjectives can be divided into two types: collective nominal adjectives and ‘non collective nominal adjectives.

Now, you can see that in the repeated examples below, the first two nominal adjectives (‘The elderly’ and ‘The French’  ) each took  plural verbs. This is because they are collective nominal adjectives. The last two (‘The opposite’ and ‘The best’), however, are not collective so go with singular nouns.

Collective Nominal Adjectives
1. The elderly are a great source of wisdom.

2. The French have amazing restaurants.

Singular (Non Collective) Nominal Adjectives
1.The opposite of up is down.

2.The best is yet to come.

The word ‘opposite’ refers not to a group of things or people with similarities. Instead, it refers only to other side (not sides) of ‘up’.
‘The best,’ in this context, refers to the superlative form of the say three things compared.  So, its reference is to one person or thing.

It can also be made to refer to a group in another context. For instance, in the regional levels of the Ghana's Most Beautiful pageantry, just one person emerges as the ‘best’, so the best at regional levels is not collective. But when individual regional bests meet in Accra, they can collectively be referred to us ‘the best’ and should, in this context, take a plural verb.

Comparative and Superlative Forms
Adjectives in their comparative or superlative form can also be nominal adjectives. Comparative adjectives are those that end in ‘-er’ or are preceded by the word ‘more’, as in strongertallercleverermore beautifulmore intelligent etc.

They are used to compare two things. Have a look at these examples of nominal adjectives in comparative form:
1. His brother is the taller, but he is the cleverer.

2. They gave the prize to the more beautiful of the two.

3. Of the two cars, we chose the more expensive.

Superlative Adjectives
Superlative adjectives are those that end in “-est” or are preceded by the word most, such as strongesttallestmost beautifulmost clever, etc. They compare three or more things, and they can function as nominal adjectives in the same way that comparatives can.
1. Dan is the strongest. (Here it's functioning a subject complement)

2. I want the best for you. ( Here, ‘the best’ is functioning as the object of the verb ‘want’ because it's behaving as a noun)

3. Whenever we have a job to do, you give me the most difficult(‘The most difficult’ here is the direct object of the verb ‘give’)

© Ebenezer Boakye Agyemang

Jul 30, 2019

See Why Glo Customers Cannot Call MTN Customers

See Why Glo Customers Cannot Call MTN Customers

See Why Glo Customers Cannot Call MTN Customers
Latest reports have it that more than 46.5 million Glo customers have been restricted from calling any number on the MTN network in Nigeria as both telecommunication companies battle owed "interconnect fees" of 10 billion naira. Calls and texts from Glo customers to MTN customers have been partially restricted since last week; as such, Glo customers receive a voice message such as "you are not allowed to call this number" whenever they call any MTN number. Although MTN customers can call Glo customers, Globacom users are partly restricted from calling MTN customers due to the 10 billion naira interconnect fee.

Remember that NCC granted MTN and Airtel approval in December 2018 to prevent Glo and 9mobile customers from calling their networks for inability to pay Interconnect Debt. Industry analysts say millions more subscribers will face service disruptions in the coming weeks if other "owed" operators are partially disconnected as millions of voices and information pass through the affected exchanges on a regular basis. The Commission has advised that it is also necessary to disconnect 9mobile, Smile and Swift from IHS installations and ATC Wireless Infrastructure Limited.

Jul 25, 2019

2019 May/June WASSCE/WAEC Result Is Out – See How To Check

2019 May/June WASSCE/WAEC Result Is Out – See How To Check

This is to inform the general public that the 2019 May/June WAEC results (for school candidates) are out. Candidates don’t need to buy any scratch card to check their 2019 WAEC results. The result checker pin and serial number needed by candidates to check results online are contained on candidates' smart identity cards used during the conduct of the examination. 
2019 May/June WASSCE/WAEC Result Is Out – See How To Check
According to WAEC, Candidates who are not indebted to the Council will be able to access or check their results online using the results checker PIN on their smart identity cards used during the conduct of the examination.

How to check 2019 May/June WAEC SSCE result online

1. Go to WAEC result checking portal

2. Enter your 10-digit WAEC Examination Number which comprises your 7-digit centre number and your 3-digit serial number, e.g., 4123456001.

3. Enter the 4 digits of your Examination Year, e.g., 2019).

4. Select the Type of Examination. For this particular examination, choose SCHOOL CANDIDATE RESULTS.

5. Enter the card serial number.

6. Enter the card PIN.

7. Click Submit, and wait for the results window to come up.

How to check 2019 May/June WAEC SSCE result via SMS

In case you want to check your 2019 West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) result via SMS, use the short code format below:

1. In the "create message" box of your mobile phone, type WAEC*Exam No*PIN*Exam Year, e.g., WAEC*4250101001*123456789012*2019, and send message to this code – 32327. This is available to MTN, Airtel and Glo subscribers.

2. Don't fail to adhere strictly to the format above. There should be no space in the message.

3. Wait for your result to be delivered to your phone via SMS. Note that SMS costs N30 Only.

Should you have any problem checking your 2019 WASSCE result, kindly send the following details to for verification and assistance. While sending the message, send in this format:

1. Error message displayed

2. Your examination number

3. Type of Exam 

4. Year of Exam.

Good luck!

Jul 19, 2019

How To Write an Excellent Curriculum Vitae (CV)

How To Write an Excellent Curriculum Vitae (CV)

How To Write an Excellent Curriculum Vitae (CV)
“Interested applicants should send their application letters and CVs to the following address...”

You may have seen this advertisement, at least, once in your life, if you have ever been on a search for a job. But what is this CV that almost every Employer requests from job seekers?

A CV is “a written account of one's life comprising one's education, accomplishments, work experience, publications, etc.; especially, one used to apply for a job.”

Everyone deserves to own a well-prepared Curriculum Vitae (CV). It doesn't matter if you are not ready to apply for a job. A CV primarily helps keep track of your academic and work experiences, before it secondarily helps market oneself to a recruiting agency or any employer. So how do I prepare my CV? What goes into it? Are there types of CV? 

There are, at least, two types of CV; namely, Academic CV and Job CV.

The Academic CV is used to apply for advanced studies, say, Master's degree or Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), and sometimes, for scholarships and graduate assistantships. It usually contains the courses you read in your previous school, degrees and certificates, project work, academic goals, research works, awards, etc.

The Job CV is mainly used to apply for a job. It may not contain all the features that were listed under the Academic CV.

Depending on the type of job one is applying for, it is possible to have a blend of the two types of CV listed above. It behoves you to know what is expected of you as a job seeker or as a student applying for advanced studies.

In almost every CV, you would find some of the following areas:
1. Personal details/Personality Profile 
2. Career/Academic objective
3. Education
4. Professional/Work Experience 
5. Skills set/Other skills
6. Leadership Achievements
7. Extra-Curricular activities
8. Hobbies/Interests
9. Associations/Membership
10. Awards
11. Project and Research Experience
12. Seminars, Workshops, and Conferences attended
13. Referees/Recommenders

Note: Not every area listed above has to be in your CV. Life is too short to be writing lengthy CVs. Life is equally too short for employers to be reading never-ending CVs.

Disclaimer: Whatever you put in your CV, you must be ready to defend it because you found it necessary to put it out, but also remember that whatever you intentionally leave out in your CV may become a subject of discussion during your interview. Be guided.

Areas to consider in your CV

1. Personal details/Personality Profile
Under this, you may want to provide some of the following details:
Date of Birth
Postal Address
Languages spoken
Marital Status
Phone number
Email address

Not all these are important and/or compulsory. Areas such as "religion", "marital status", "languages spoken", etc. have become grounds for discrimination, so unless you are so sure providing them would not harm your application, you can leave them out.

2. Career Objective
It may sound difficult to summarise your entire career goals in just one sentence or two, but use these questions as a guide: Why do you want to work in that company? What do you bring on board? What do you seek to achieve in the short term or long term? Note that career objectives may differ from job to job.

The following is an example of a career objective:

"I am a young enthusiastic graduate of Human Resource looking for a firm that works in a highly competitive environment, where I can utilise my skills in customer service and human resource development."

3. Education
This is an important aspect of your CV. You want to prove to your would-be employer that you have the necessary educational qualifications to get you the job.

It is always important to list your current qualifications first before the older ones follow. As you climb higher on the educational ladder, most of your lower qualifications become less relevant so you could leave them out. For each qualification, you may want to indicate the following:
Name of Institution: Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi

Name of Programme/Course: Bachelor of Arts in English

Year Started to Year completed: August 2009 to June 2013.

If the programme was not completed, you can indicate "abandoned"; if you have left it for a while, you can indicate "deferred"; if it hasn't ended yet, you can indicate "in progress" or you can write the start date and indicate "to present".)

4. Professional/Work Experience
This is where you indicate the work or jobs that you have done in your life so far. In many parts of the world, internships, voluntary works, and national service are included. As much as it is possible, focus more on the experiences that have a direct relationship with the work you are currently applying for.

If you don't have any work experience, you may run into few problems, but don't worry, indicate strongly how quick you learn and put it into practical use what you learn.

5. Skill set/Other skills
This refers to the knowledge, abilities, and experience necessary to perform a job. We can distinguish between hard and soft skills.

Hard skills are "teachable abilities or skill sets that are easy to quantify. Typically, you'll learn hard skills in the classroom, through books or other training materials, or on the job." Examples of hard skills are proficiency in a foreign language; typing speed; machine operation; computer programming, photography, editing, etc.

Soft skills are also known as "people skills" or "interpersonal skills". Soft skills relate to the way you relate to and interact with other people. Examples of soft skills are communication; ability to work under pressure; decision-making; time management; self-motivation; team work; conflict resolution; leadership; adaptability, etc.

6. Leadership Achievements
This is one of the optional areas in a CV. Have you held any leadership position? If you have, this is the time to show it. If you haven't, you don't have to lie about it. Some stringent interviewers would ask for certificates to prove that you have indeed held such positions.

Most employers have a strong liking for people who can lead so as much as it is possible, learn to take up leadership roles at school and at work.

Apart from the rich experiences and knowledge you acquire, your leadership achievements give you some leverage over equally competent applicants. On a lighter note, they beautify your CV as well.

7. Extra-curricular activities
These activities include anything (profitable or non-profitable) you do aside your work or school. You could be a volunteer, a philanthropist, a peer counsellor, an online teacher, a freelance poet/writer, a social commentator, a seamstress, a photographer, a regular guest on a TV/Radio show, a home teacher, etc.

Again, this is one of the optional areas in a CV, but it could win you the job you are applying for. Get something extra doing today!

8. Hobbies and Interests
A hobby is an activity that someone does for pleasure when he or she is not working. Examples of hobbies include fishing, watching movies, writing, singing, sound mixing, listening to music, etc.

An applicant should be mindful of what he or she writes as hobbies and interests. Some of them may inadvertently tell the employer what you would be using their internet to do at your leisure at the office.

9. Associations/Membership
Do you belong to any professional body, association, a voluntary club/group? You could indicate them here if you do. Once you have completed a school, you belong to the school's alumni, at least. Where membership numbers are given by your association, you could indicate them.

10. Awards
If you have received any award in the course of your education, work, voluntarism, etc., you could indicate them under "Awards". For example, we could have awards such as, "Best Graduating Student in Mathematics", "Best Student Blogger/Leader/Activist/Politician/Writer", "Best Worker/Employer of the Month/Year", etc.

11. Project and Research Experience
If you have conducted any research or undertaken a project which you think can increase your chances of getting the job, you can include it. "Project and research experience" is necessary when preparing an academic CV, where you indicate your thesis/dissertation/final year project. It informs the school that you have the requisite foundation or background for higher studies and research. 

12. Seminars, Workshops, and Conferences Attended
Knowledge is not only acquired in the classroom or at the workplace. Sometimes, you learn invaluable lessons at trainings, workshops, seminars and conferences. If you have attended any of these, you could list them (including the themes/topics of the seminars and the dates you attended them) under this heading.

For all intents and purposes, you need to attend conferences, not only for the knowledge you would acquire but also for the certificates and mentorship opportunities that would be provided.

13. Referees/Recommenders
A "referee" or "reference" is a person who knows you and who is willing to describe and, usually, praise you, in order to support you when you are trying to get a job, etc. Referees give credence to your application that you are suitable for the job. Always make sure that you inform whoever you choose as a referee so that he or she won't be caught unawares by random calls from your would-be employer.

While the reputation of some referees can get you the job, the names of some referees alone can jeopardise your chances. When you are in such a fix, you could just write, Referee to be provided upon request.

Features of a Good Curriculum Vitae (CV)
Your CV should have the following features:

1. It should be well typed and arranged beautifully. (Most people use "Times New Romans fonts, size 12")

2. It should be free from spelling and grammatical errors. Get a trusted editor/proofreader to go through it for you; it is worth it.

3. It should be brief and straight to the point: quality over quantity.

4. The printout should be legible, devoid of ink spillage, crumpling, mutilation, oil soiling, dirtying, etc.

5. If it is possible, embolden only headings and subheadings.

6. The Table Format and Descriptive Format are both appropriate.

Note: It is preferable and secure to send your CV in Portable Document Format (PDF).

Get a sample CV here

© Eric Nuamah Korankye