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May 14, 2019

Access vs Assess: A Contextual Mistake in JAMB's Tweet

Access vs Assess: A Contextual Mistake in JAMB's Tweet

If the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB), an examination body, doesn't know the difference between “access” and “assess”, then the Use of English results of its candidates can't be 100% correct.

However, in the English world, no one is immune from making errors. Even if you're an English language major, you're still subject to grammatical and contextual mistakes in your writing. There are two types of errors: error of ignorance and error of carelessness.


In this case, JAMB has made a contextual mistake because “accessing” should be used instead of “assessing” except JAMB is talking about candidates' inability to evaluate their results. But before you evaluate/assess your result, you must first access it through any available means. So, what type of error do you think the examination body has committed?
Access vs Assess: A Contextual Mistake in JAMB's Tweet
To know the difference between ACCESS and ASSESS, check the screenshots below. In the screenshots below, these words are used as verbs.


May 11, 2019

May 10, 2019

Onnoghen Vs. Code of Conduct Tribunal: Was The Court of Appeal Right?

Onnoghen Vs. Code of Conduct Tribunal: Was The Court of Appeal Right?

Onnoghen Vs. Code of Conduct Tribunal: Was The Court of Appeal Right?

The Court of Appeal on Wednesday, May 8th 2019 gave a ruling on the appeal filed by former CJN, Walter Onnoghen, challenging the legality of the Ex parte order given by the CCT to effect his suspension. While delivering its ruling, the Court of Appeal faulted the ex parte order and the process it was obtained, maintaining that it affects the right of fair hearing of Onnoghen. In holding this beautiful position, one expected the court to flow with the fair hearing principles and make consequential orders. But the Court committed what a witty lawyer would call "judicial summersault" by abstaining to consider the implication of the said position, canvassing that it would not consider the merit of the case since the CCT has completed the trial process and found him guilty. The Court therefore dismissed the appeal on that note.

This, to me, is the first judicial wonder of the century! Call it a travesty of justice and I will tell you that would be an understatement.

The Court of Appeal committed a grave error when it failed to address the issue before it. There is no relationship between the ex CJN’s suspension and his conviction. These are two different issues that require different rules and principles.

The current CJN is occupying a position that was necessitated by unlawful means based on the finding of the court and so, the Court should have voided the process that brought Tanko to office having found that it breached the ex CJN’s right to fair hearing. Macfoy v UAC (1962) AC 158 is a trite law that you cannot build something on nothing.


If the Exparte Order was unlawfully obtained according to the Court, on what ground is the appointment of Justice Tanko based?

Any Judgment or ruling based on a breach of the Constitution will not be allowed to stand on appeal. This is a trite law. I then ask again, on what ground is the Exparte Order allowed to stand?

How can it be explained that the ground upon which the breach of the ex CJN’s right to fair hearing cannot be entertained, is that he has been convicted? Is conviction a condition to decline jurisdiction or to dismiss a fundamental right case?

There is no law to my knowledge that says the Exparte Order can only be appealed during the pendency of the trial for it to be heard? Onnoghen's conviction is beyond whether or not the CJN can be removed from office by an Exparte Order. It’s a fundamental issue that requires a decision on merit. It has little or nothing to do with the ex CJN.

Is the Court of Appeal trying to say his rights can be overtaken by his conviction? Do we take this as ruling that conviction extinguishes the right to appeal against a breach of fundamental right or that conviction robs the Court the right to hear a breach of fundamental rights?

If the last hope of the common man is with the judiciary, it's time the judiciary rose beyond partisanship and favouritism to take its place. Injustice to one is injustice to all!

© Barr. Itsede K. Okhai

May 7, 2019

A Few Things You Should Know About Loom Ponzi Scheme

A Few Things You Should Know About Loom Ponzi Scheme

A Few Things You Should Know About Loom Ponzi Scheme

Most Nigerians, especially those on social media, have totally embraced LOOM, the latest ponzi scheme in town, despite the bitter experience they had with various Ponzi schemes in the past. When Mavrodi Mundial Moneybox (MMM) crashed in December 2016, many who lost their investments in the scheme vowed never to get involved in any form of ponzi scheme again. However, today, it is a case of a dog going back to his vomit as it appears that most Nigerians have rescinded their vows and are fully into Loom. 

Whether we like or not, a ponzi scheme remains a ponzi scheme regardless of the name it is clad with. Ponzi schemes share something in common – the early birds benefit whereas the latecomers become victims. This is something you should know. But if you still insist on investing in LOOM, below are a few things you should note.

How Does Loom Work?
1. Loom was first reported in the UK by an Australian media, ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) as a scam after it had gone viral in Australia.

2. With thousands of active members, Loom is now the latest ponzi scheme in Nigeria.

3. The first step of the process is being invited to join a WhatsApp group chat, usually by a friend or relative. Then you are asked to ‘invest’ N1,000, N2,000 or N13,000 with a promise that you will make eight times the amount once you recruit new entrants.

4. After you have paid in the money, you are asked to invite at least one person to join the system.


5. There are four levels in Loom Nigeria: Purple, Blue, Orange and Red.

6. Each time eight people join the loom, the person in the centre (Red) will get the target amount and leave the group.

7. The loom will then split into two groups. The top half and the bottom half become the new looms, and everyone moves into the next level (Purple Level – into Blue Level – into Orange Level). And the cycle begins again.

8. The more people you manage to add to the cycle, the quicker the movement of it, and the easier it will be for you to make your chunk of ‘easy money’.

9. The basics are that you get eight times the amount you invest. If you invest N1,000, you get N8,000; if you invest N2,000, you get N16,000; and if you invest N13,000, you will get N104,000.

Although most social media platforms are inundated with positive testimonies about the scheme, you still have to tread with caution if you must invest. Your experience with MMM, Ultimate Cycler or other ponzi schemes in 2016 should be your best teacher. Before you LOOM, be sure you can pull yourself together in case you get DOOMed.

May 6, 2019

Airtel DataPlus: Get 1GB + N2000 for N1000

Airtel DataPlus: Get 1GB + N2000 for N1000

Airtel DataPlus: Get 1GB + N2000 for N1000
Airtel DataPlus is a new package from the swift network (Airtel). This offer gives you extra free airtime when you buy a data bundle. It is built specifically for those who prefer cheap airtime to cheap data. Check the price list below.

1. N300 gives you 200MB + N600.

2. N500 gives you 500MB + N1000.

3. N1000 gives you 1GB + N2000 (valid for 14 days).


4. N2000 gives you 3GB + N4000 (30 days validity period).

5. N5000 gives you 7.5GB + N10000 (valid for 30 days).

6. N10000 gives you 17.5GB + N20000 (valid for 90 days).

How Can I Subscribe to Airtel DataPlus?
Dial *154*2#, and choose your preferred plan. 
Biology: Third Term's Scheme of Work for SSS 1 and 2

Biology: Third Term's Scheme of Work for SSS 1 and 2

Biology: Third Term's Scheme of Work for SSS 1 and 2

Biology: Third Term's Scheme of Work for SSS 1

Week 1: ENERGY TRANSFORMATION IN NATURE
i. Energy Loss in Ecosystem
ii. Laws of Thermodynamics
iii. Application of Law of Thermodynamics to Ecological Phenomenon
iv. Food Chain

Week 2: RELEVANCE OF BIOLOGY TO AGRICULTURE
i. Classification of Plants
ii. Botanical Classification, e.g., Algae, Spermatophyte etc.
iii. Agricultural Classification, e.g., Fibre Plant, Non-fibre Plant.
iv. Classification Based on Life Cycle, e.g., Annual, Biennial and Perennials.

Week 3: EFFECTS OF AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES ON ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM
i. Effect of Bush Burning
ii. Effect of Different Types of Farming Methods on Ecosystem

Week 4: PESTS AND DISEASES OF AGRICULTURAL IMPORTANCE
i. Definition and Types of Pests
ii. Life Cycle of Pests
iii. Control of Pests
iv. Disease – Types of Diseases

Week 5: FOOD PRODUCTION AND STORAGE
i. Role of Food in Agricultural Production
ii. Factors Affecting Production and Storage
iii. Ways of Improving Crop Yield
iv. Cause of Wastage
v. Methods of Preserving and Storing Food

Week 6: POPULATION GROWTH AND FOOD SUPPLY
i. Relationship between Availability of Food and Human Population
ii. Effects of Food Shortage
iii. Government's Effort to Increase Food Production, e.g., Agricultural Resolution

Week 7: MICROORGANISMS AROUND US
i. Classification, e.g., Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa
ii. Carriers, e.g., Vectors and Transmitting Organisms
iii. Beneficial Effects and Harmful Effects
iv. Growth of Microorganisms
v. Control and Prevention of Microorganism Disease (Public Health)

Week 8: AQUATIC HABITAT
i. Definition
ii. Types of Aquatic Habitat
iii. Aquatic Organism and Its Adaptive Features
iv. Characteristics of Aquatic Habitat
v. Food Chain and Food Web in Aquatic Habitat

Week 9: TERRESTRIAL HABITAT
i. Definition
ii. Types of Terrestrial Habitat
iii. Terrestrial Organisms and Their Adaptive Features
iv. Characteristics of Terrestrial Habitat
v. Food Chain and Food Web in Terrestrial Habitat

Week 10: CLASSIFICATION OF PLANTS
i. Classification of Plants into Seed Bearing and Non Seed Bearing
ii. Classification of Plants into Cereals and Legumes
iii. Classification into Root Crops, Vegetables, Fruits, Beverage and Drug, Oil Latex (Fibre)

Week 11: DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
i. Types of Digestive System (Alimentary Canal)
ii. Description and Functions of the Parts of Alimentary Tract
iii. Diagram of Digestive Tract of Different Groups of Organisms

Week 12/13: Revision/Examination


Biology: Third Term's Scheme of Work for SSS 2

Week 1: REGULATION OF INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT: ENDOCRINE GLANDS
i. The Endocrine Glands and Its Hormones
ii. Functions of the Endocrine Glands
iii. Effect of Under-secretion or Over-secretion of Endocrine Hormones

Week 2: THE SKIN
i. Structure of the Mammalian Skin
ii. Functions of the Mammalian Skin
iii. Care of the Mammalian Skin

Week 3: NERVOUS COORDINATION
i. Organisation of the Nervous System
ii. The Central Nervous System (CNS)
iii. Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)

Week 4: THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS)
i. The Position, Structure and Function of the Brain
ii. The Position, Structure and Function of the Spinal Cord

Week 5: THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (PNS)
i. The Flow Chart Representing the Different Parts of the PNS
ii. The Somatic NS
iii. The Autonomic NS
iv. The Sympathetic NS and Parasympathetic NS

Week 6: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF A NEURON
i. Types of Neuron (Motor, Sensory and Relay)
ii. Structure of a Neuron
iii. Transportation of Nerve Impulse
iv. Reflex Actions, Voluntary Actions
v. Pavlov Experiment on Dog, Food and Bell

Week 7: SENSE ORGANS
i. Organ of Smell
ii. Mechanism of Smelling with the Help of Olfactory Chemoreceptor
iii. Adaptation for Survival

Week 8: SENSE ORGANS II
i. Organ of Sight (Eye) and Its Parts
ii. Functions of the Different Parts of the Eyes.
iii. The Role of the Eyes in Image Formation and Accommodation
iv. Eye Defects: Myopia, Hypermetropia, Presbyopia, Astigmatism
v. Eye Problem/Diseases: Cataract, Night Blindness, Colour Blindness etc.

Week 9: ECOLOGY OF POPULATION
A. Succession
i. Meaning of Succession
ii. Structural Change in Species Composition, Variety and Increase in Number
iii. Primary Succession in an Aquatic Habitat
iv. Secondary Succession: Meaning and Examples
v. Characteristics of a Stable Community

B. Overcrowding
i. Population Density Studies and Available Resources
ii. Importance of Factors Affecting Population Space

Week 10: ECOLOGY OF POPULATION II
i. Relationship between Competition and Succession
ii. Factors That Cause Overcrowding
iii. Ways of Avoiding Overcrowding
iv. Effect of Food Shortage: Competition, Reproduction, Emigration Rate

Week 11: BALANCE IN NATURE
i. Factors Affecting Population – Biotic, Abiotic
ii. Dynamic Equilibrium in Nature
iii. Factors That Maintain Dynamic Equilibrium such as Availability of Food, Natural Disaster
iv. Family Planning
– Natural and Artificial Methods of Population Control (Sex Education)

Week 12/13: Revision/Examination

Apr 25, 2019

How To Get Free 800MB on Gidimo App

How To Get Free 800MB on Gidimo App

Gidimo, a mobile learning platform aimed at bringing education to all in Africa, is currently dishing out free megabytes to its new users, specifically those on the MTN network. This is good news to MTN users who have not registered on the platform. However, existing users can be beneficiaries of this giveaway if they sign up with a different MTN number and name. 
How To Get Free 800MB on Gidimo App

As a mobile learning platform, Gidimo enables you to develop yourself anytime, anywhere, with courses for students, entrepreneurs, professionals, and vocational workers. With Gidimo, you get 50MB when you sign up, 100MB when you download the app on Google play store and 400MB when you invite a friend using your invite link.

How to Get Free 800MB on Gidimo App

1. Click HERE to get started.

2. Register and verify your phone number. Once this is done, you will receive your first 50MB.

3. Download the app on play store.


4. Log in with your registered phone number and password, and you’ll receive 100MB.

5. If you refer a friend with your invite link, you will receive 400MB.

6. Dial *460*260# to check your data balance.

Getting up to 800MB or more depends on the number of persons you can invite to use the app.

Apr 23, 2019

Why Would a Pastor Acquire a Private Jet When There Are Poor People in His Church?

Why Would a Pastor Acquire a Private Jet When There Are Poor People in His Church?

The earlier we understand that the church is not the reason citizens are poor, the better for us all. Failed political leadership is the major cause of poverty in the land. But for the church, the level of poverty in the land would be unfathomable.

"Why would a pastor acquire a private jet when there are poor people in his church" is a short-minded question which doesn't deserve an answer. A pastor doesn't just wake up to acquire a jet if there is no need for it. A pastor who needs to preach in different countries in a day and has over 100 countries in the world to traverse within few days will definitely want to make his life easy by getting whatever help necessary. To you, it's a luxury and to him, it's a necessity. And whether it's a luxury or necessity is a definition of your state in life. 
Why Would a Pastor Acquire a Private Jet When There Are Poor People in His Church?

Asking why he needs to get a private jet where there are commercial planes is like asking why anyone needs to get a private car when there are public transport vehicles. Each is to one's level and state in life.

Apostle Suleman got a private jet because he needs it for his Ministry. If there is one pastor I personally know to have empowered his members, Suleman comes to mind. Those who worship in his church would even wonder where the money for these empowerments comes from because of his consistency. At the last count, he has built and donated about 150 houses to his poor church members. The record has lost count on the number of cars he has given out. The scholarship schemes and other empowerment funds are unmatchable. I really doubt if offerings and tithes could actually fund all these and also fund the massive church projects.


Some of these pastors are not depending on proceeds from church. They have their chain of businesses with independent returns and income. These people are humans and they need to make lives easy for themselves too.

When there is poverty in the land, hold the government responsible. If it's even possible that the pastors are contributors, still hold the government responsible because every working government would regulate the affairs of all citizens for the overall good of the society.

If you, in your little capacity, cannot boast of any human you have ever pushed forward, you lack the moral turpitude to query what anyone does with his or her money as long as he didn't steal from you. Let the church be. Let Suleman be. If you're not comfortable with how these pastors run churches as Christians, create your own church and let us cite you as a better example. Even if God didn't call you, he won't be angry that you are helping his people.

And if you're not a Christian, just shut up!

© Barr. Itsede K. Okhai
The Difference between "I am Nigerian” and “I am a Nigerian”

The Difference between "I am Nigerian” and “I am a Nigerian”

Is there any difference between “I am Nigerian” and “I am a Nigerian”? The answer is YES. Something tells me some persons are still wondering whether these statements are correct or not. Well, both statements are very correct! But this scanty answer can't serve as a best answer. You should be told why both statements are correct.
The Difference between "I am Nigerian” and “I am a Nigerian”

“Nigerian” in “I am Nigerian” is functioning as an adjective, a predicative adjective to be precise.  It simply means you are everything Nigeria represents.


On the other hand, “Nigerian” in “I am a Nigerian” is functioning as a noun. And it simply means you are a Nigerian citizen or a person of Nigerian origin.

Therefore, you can use either of them depending on what you have in mind or the message you want to pass across.

Apr 19, 2019

Number Base 2: Multiplication of Numbers in Base 2

Number Base 2: Multiplication of Numbers in Base 2

In this tutorial, we shall look at:

I. The multiplication of numbers in base two numerals.

II. Quantitative reasoning involving problems related to conversion and application of numbers in base two numbers.

III. The conversion of base ten numerals to binary numbers.
Number Base 2: Multiplication of Numbers in Base 2
Objectives
By the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:

I. Multiply numbers in base two numerals.

II. Expand numbers expressed in base 2.

III. Solve quantitative reasoning involving problems related to conversion and application of numbers in base two numerals.

IV. Convert base two numbers to base ten, and vice versa.

V. Convert from one base to another.

Get the complete tutorials here.
Keywords
Number Base – A counting number system.

Base ten – The most common way of counting in tens (10s) or power of 10.

Base two – Counting in twos (2s).

Binary Number – A base two number.

Decimal number – A base ten number.