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May 16, 2018

NECO 2018: June/July Examination timetable

NECO 2018: June/July Examination timetable


For those sitting for the 2018 (June/July) National Examination Council's (NECO's) examination, below is the timetable.


NECO 2018: June/July Examination timetable

MONDAY (21/5/2018)
i. Food and Nutrition 1
Time: Council to determine 

ii. Oral French 1 (objectives).
Time: Council to determine

iii. Electrical Installment and Maintenance
Time: Council to determine.

MONDAY (28/5/2018)
i. Computer (Practical)
Time: 10am - 1pm

WEDNESDAY (30/5/2018)
i. Biology (Practical)
Time: 10am - 12noon

THURSDAY (31/5/2018)
i. Biology (Obj and Essay)
Time: 10am - 12:30pm

ii. Government (Obj and Essay)
Time: 2pm - 4:40pm

FRIDAY (1/6/2018)
i. Physical Geography 2 (Obj and Practical)
Time: 10am - 12:30pm

MONDAY (4/6/2018)
i. General Mathematics (Objectives)
Time: 10am - 11:45am

ii. General Mathematics (Essay)
Time: 12:00noon - 2:30pm

TUESDAY (5/6/2018)
i. Physics (Practical)
Time: 10:00am - 12:45pm

ii. Economics (Obj and Essay)
Time: 2:30pm - 5:30pm

WEDNESDAY (6/6/2018)
i. Chemistry (Practical)
Time: 10am - 12noon

ii. Civic Education (Obj and Essay)
Time: 2:00pm - 5:00pm


THURSDAY (7/6/2018)
i. English Language (Essay/Objectives)
Time: 10am - 12:45pm

ii. English Language (Oral)
Time: 1pm - 1:45pm

FRIDAY (8/6/2018)
i. Literature-in-English (Obj and prose)
Time: 10am - 12:15pm

MONDAY (11/6/2018)
i. Agric (Practical)
Time: 10am - 11:30am

ii. C.R.S (Obj and Essay)
Time: 2pm - 4:30pm

MONDAY (18/6/2018)
i. Chemistry (Obj and Essay)
Time: 10am - 1:00pm

TUESDAY (19/6/2018)
i. Financial Accounting 3 (Obj)
Time: 10am - 11:20am

ii. Financial Accounting (Theory and Practical.)
Time: 11:20am - 1:50pm

WEDNESDAY (20/6/2018)
i. Physics (Obj and Essay)
Time: 10am - 1pm

ii. Commerce (Obj and Essay)
Time: 2pm - 4:40pm

FRIDAY (22/6/2018)
i. Electrical Installment and Maintenance Work
Time: 10am - 12noon

MONDAY (25/6/2018)
i. Agric Science (Obj and Essay)
Time: 10am - 12:30pm

TUESDAY (26/6/2018)
i. Computer STD 3 & 2 (Obj and Essay)
Time: 10am - 1pm

WEDNESDAY (27/6/2018)
i. Literature-in-English (Drama and Poetry)
Time: 2:30pm - 4:10pm

THURSDAY (28/6/2018)
i. Further Maths 3 (Obj)
Time: 10am - 12noon

ii. Further Maths 2 (Essay)
Time: 12:15pm - 2:45pm

FRIDAY (29/6/2018)
i. Human and Regional Geography 2 (Essay)
Time: 10am - 12noon

MONDAY (2/7/2018)
i. Technical Drawing (Obj and Drawing)
Time: 10am - 12:30pm

TUESDAY (3/7/2018)
i. Food and Nutrition (Obj and Essay)
Time: 10am - 12:30pm

THURSDAY (5/7/2018)
i. French 1 (Comprehension)
Time: 2pm - 3pm

ii. French 2 (Expression)
Time: 3pm - 4:45pm

FRIDAY (6/7/2018)
i. Data Processing (Practical)
Time: 10am - 1pm

MONDAY (9/7/2018)
i. Data Processing 3 & 2 (Obj and Essay)
Time: 2pm - 5pm

ii. Marketing 3 & 2 (Obj and Essay)
Time: 2pm - 4:40pm
I wish you the best!

May 13, 2018

See why we have numerous Mother's Day celebrations in Nigeria

See why we have numerous Mother's Day celebrations in Nigeria

Mothers are very special people and have won for themselves special spots in the hearts of their children because of their overwhelming roles in parenting. As a result, some countries have set aside special dates for the celebration of these great characters:
See why we have numerous Mothers' Day celebrations in Nigeria

1. In Norway, Mother's Day comes on the second Sunday of February.

2. 8th March is International Women’s Day, but Bulgarians and Azerbaijanis mark it as Mother's Day too. In fact, Mothers' Day looks like Valentine’s Day in Azerbaijan.

3. In the United Kingdom (UK), Mother's Day falls on the 4th Sunday of Christian Lent (which usually falls in either March or April), and it is called Mothering Sunday.
4. In Spain, Portugal, and Lithuania, Mother's Day falls on the first Sunday of May.
5. In Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Netherlands, Finland, Germany, Italy, Japan, Turkey and the United States of America, Mother's Day falls on the second Sunday of May.
6. A bulk of the Gulf countries, including Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, say shukran to the mummies on the 8th of May.

7. The mothers in Hong Kong, India and Mexico have the 10th day of May.
8. The Polish mothers own May 26.
9. The last Sunday of May is for the French and the Swedes.
10. The Queen of Thailand’s birthday is on the 12th of August. Since she’s the first mother of the country, mothers are celebrated on the same date.
11. In Argentina, Mother's Day falls on the 3rd Sunday of October.
From the above list, it is quite apparent that Nigeria does not have a special date for the celebration of mothers but seems to be the only country that celebrates mothers more than once in a year, aside the International Women's Day. It will also interest you to know that as of when this article was published, Nigeria was on her third Mother's Day celebration, and that prompted the question, "Why does Nigeria have numerous Mother's Day celebrations?"

Well, it is obvious that Nigerians have possessed the Mother's Day of other countries perhaps because of the excess love they have for their mothers, thereby making almost every Sunday of the year "Mother's Day". In other words, although Nigeria does not have a special date for the celebration of mothers, Nigerians identify with other countries of the world in celebrating mothers because of the love they have for these wonderful beings; thus, creating rooms for numerous Mother's Day celebrations. This is a fact that is not known to many Nigerians yet. If given the opportunity, Nigerians will make every Sunday "Mother's Day". LOL! I think these women (our mothers) deserve more. Long live our mothers! 

May 12, 2018

"Gain weight" vs. "Add weight" in Nigerian English and Standard English

"Gain weight" vs. "Add weight" in Nigerian English and Standard English

Nigeria is one of the countries of the world where English is used as a second language, and ever since the English language left its primordial base for countries like Nigeria, it hasn't remained unchanged. It has undergone (and still undergoes) all kinds of changes in such countries. English users in these countries have used the language in such a way that some of its standard expressions are no longer intelligible by native speakers of the language because of the odd meanings attached to them – meanings that are different from their standard or actual meanings. One of such expressions is "add weight".


Although the expression, "add weight", exists in Standard English, its meaning is quite different when used by Nigerian English speakers. In Nigeria, "add weight" is synonymous to "gain weight". That is why Nigerian English speakers say "You are adding weight" when addressing someone who is getting fatter or heavier as a result of the excess intake of fatty foods. However, as regards this, native English speakers will say "You are gaining weight." "Add weight" is the Nigerian English expression for "gain weight" in Standard English. Other Standard English expressions for "gain weight" are "add pounds" and "put on weight". It seems Nigerian English speakers formed "add weight" on the model of "add pounds".

In the denotative sense, "add weight" is used in Standard English to mean physically increasing the heaviness of something by adding extra stuff on it. For instance, if someone is carrying a half bucket of water, and you pour some more water into it, you’re adding weight to their load.

Metaphorically, "add weight" means "to make stronger". And native English speakers often use it in this sense. If something adds weight to an argument, idea etc., it makes it stronger. For example, "The man's refusal to see his son's corpse adds weight to the argument that he killed his son."

"Gain weight" vs."Add weight" in Nigerian English and Standard English
Longman (online) dictionary
It will interest you to know that although "add weight" is used by Nigerians to mean "gain weight", you will never hear any Nigerian say "subtract weight" or "take off weight" to mean "lose weight" probably because they have an adequate knowledge of the meaning of "subtract" or "take off". Well, despite the convincing reason(s) they may have for this, it is important to note that you gain weight since you can lose weight, and not the other way round.

May 7, 2018

How to politely ask someone to repeat what they just said

How to politely ask someone to repeat what they just said

As language (or English) users, we've definitely found ourselves in a situation where we were being forced to ask someone to repeat what they just said at least once simply because we didn't really get some of the things they said while conversing with them. At this point, our response has always been a generic or hurried "What?" in order to make the person repeat what he/she has said. Well, if this has already happened to you, it is high time you stopped using "What?" to make someone repeat what they just said. Are you wondering why? Keep reading.
How to politely ask someone to repeat what they just said

What?” is considered an uneducated way to ask for something to be repeated. And because I have always wanted you to make your English posh, in this article, I will give you the five most common ways to politely ask someone to repeat what they just said. 

1. I am sorry?
Before now, did you know that "I'm sorry?" is a simple, courteous and an informal way to ask someone to repeat something for you? Yes, It is. Please note that it is important to use the correct intonation, that is, slightly interrogative, to show that you want the speaker to repeat what he/she just said. You mustn't say it like a statement, "I am sorry." Otherwise, the speaker will think that you are apologizing. As a matter of fact, the question mark at the end of the expression is not there for a mere fanciful purpose; it is there to serve its right function. Therefore, you should say the expression correctly. In any case, this is a humble expression as it implies that the fault for not understanding is yours and not the speaker’s.
Example:
Speaker A: Could you please give me your pen?

Speaker B: I am sorry?

Speaker B only wants Speaker A to repeat what he (speaker A) just said.

2. Pardon?
I know you are very much conversant with this. In fact, you use it almost every day. It is another kind but informal way to ask for repetition of something that was just said. Like "I am sorry", it must be pronounced with a slight interrogative intonation. It is slightly classier than "I am sorry" but may be considered a bit old fashioned.
Example:
Speaker A: Have you heard of Tammy's English Blog?

Speaker B: Pardon?

3. Could you say that again?
This is a direct and effective way to request the repetition of what has been said. It is also friendly and formal unlike the previous expressions.
Example:
Speaker A: What is the total cost of the items?

Speaker B: 500, 000 naira.

Speaker A: Could you say that again?


4. Sorry, I didn’t catch that.
This phrase is slightly more articulated and literally means that you have neither caught nor heard what was said, thereby making the speaker to repeat what was said. It is usually used if the problem lies in the hearing of the listener, perhaps due to environmental noises or the speaker's inability to speak audibly.
Example:
Speaker A: I have deposited the sum of five million naira in your account.

Speaker B: Sorry, I didn't catch that. Could you be audible, please?

5. I am sorry. I don’t understand.
This phrase is used when the speaker's accent or the way the speaker expresses himself is not clearly understood by the listener. With this expression, the listener makes it clear that he/she does not understand the speaker's English. In this way, instead of repeating the same sentence with the same tone and the same words, the speaker tries to express himself in another way, perhaps speaking slower or using simpler words just to ensure that the listener understands him. 
Example:
Speaker A: Amina has been put in the family way.

Speaker B: I am sorry. I don’t understand. Could you repeat that, please?

Speaker A: Amina is pregnant.

Having said that, it is very important to reiterate that intonation is fundamental as regards the subject matter. Intonation means the rise and fall of the tone of your voice when speaking. When you are speaking English, you risk being impolite if you don’t pay attention to the tone of your voice. In like manner, the aforementioned polite expressions can be considered as impolite expressions if the right intonation is not used when pronouncing them. This can as well alter their actual meanings. Therefore, it is important you always use the right intonation on these expressions. Remember, your language is your bargaining power; make it posh!
See what your birth month says about your s3x life

See what your birth month says about your s3x life

According to cosmopolitan.com, your birth month has a way of controlling your s3x life. I think such assertion is near correct since my birth month, April, correctly explains my s3x life. Please, use the comment box to state the authenticity of this article after reading through.
See what your birth month says about your s3x life


January: Those born in January have one of the kinkiest signs. You wouldn't think so, but they're right up there with November birthdays in terms of being willing to experiment in bed. They give in to unconventional s3xual preferences or behaviour (kinky s3x) and other s3xual practices.

February: February-born people are adventurers. They have a lot of passion, but you have to really work for it. Their heads are focused in causes and the bigger picture, but you really have to try to get them to connect emotionally. It's not that you can't connect emotionally, but you better be prepared to work for it.

March: March-born people love spending time in bed. S3x for them is very intense and bonded because they give their partner everything they have and often take s3x to new heights of spirituality.

April: April-born people are very independent, so when they're involved with someone, they give their all. S3x with an April-born person is hot, intense, and very passionate because they're ruled by Mars. Their passion is huge, but they often get tired of people quickly.

May: May-born people want s3x to be comfortable and sensual and warm. They love the act of s3x itself. They want to make love on satin sheets in a gorgeously decorated room or not at all.

June: June-born people will want to try every position under the sun because they want to know everything about everything. They're not as intense as February-born people, but they're still intense. If you want someone to talk dirty to you, they've got you covered.


July: S3x with July-born people has to have a deep emotional component. They have to feel safe with someone and once they do, they will do anything to please their partner. They love to nurture people and make sure they're satisfied and have everything they need.

August: August-born people can either be extremely selfish or extremely generous. They'll want to make sure their partner has everything. They hate being told what to do in bed, and their egos are easily bruised.

September: They're passionate but are always in control of their emotions, so when it comes to s3x, it'll take a lot to really get them to let go and have a great orgasm. They won't immediately throw themselves into s3x, but if they have an emotional component there, there's nothing they won't do.

October: They want to paint a romantic, passionate picture and tell you how it'll be and how you'll feel. Then once they tell you, they want to go very slow and make the experience last. They'll really take their time and linger and romance someone. October-born people might lack passion, but they make up for that with spot-on courting that leads up to romantic s3x.

November: November-born people are the epitome of what passionate s3x is. They need to possess their partners and want their partners to possess them and will make that happen. They will try every s3x act imaginable just to say they've done it.

December: December-born people are very creative in bed. They love to create stories and role-play with partners. It's often hard to connect to them in a deeper way, but they'll make s3x fun every single time.

Which is your birth month?

Apr 25, 2018

Grammatical names (noun clause, adverbial clause and adjectival clause) and their functions

Grammatical names (noun clause, adverbial clause and adjectival clause) and their functions

This is one the topics (in English) English teachers shy away from due to its complexity; thus, leaving their students to walk in ignorance when they come across it in any English examination. If you are reading this article and part of those who have little or no understanding of the topic, I advise you pay rapt attention as we sail.
Grammatical names (noun clause, adverbial clause and adjectival clause) and their functions

THE MEANING OF GRAMMATICAL NAMES AND GRAMMATICAL FUNCTION(S)
A Grammatical name is the name given to a word, phrase or clause depending on its function in a given clause or sentence. There are different grammatical names such as noun phrase, adverbial phrase, adjectival phrase, prepositional phrase, noun clause, adverbial clause and adjectival/relative clause. However, in this episode, only the clauses (i.e. the noun clause, adverbial clause and adjectival/relative clause) are discussed.

On the other hand, grammatical function is the syntactic role played by a word, phrase or clause in the context of a given clause or sentence. In English, the grammatical function of a word, phrase or clause is determined by the position of that word, phrase or clause in a particular clause or sentence.
Examples
1. Tammy slapped the man.
2. The man slapped Tammy.

Whereas in example 1 Tammy (which is a noun phrase) functions as the subject of the verb, "slapped", in example 2, Tammy functions as the object of the verb, "slapped". Therefore, in determining the grammatical function of a word , phrase or clause, one must take into cognizance the position of that word, phrase or clause in a given clause or sentence.

Having said that, let's discuss these grammatical names.

NOUN CLAUSE
A noun clause or nominal clause is a dependent or subordinate clause that does the work of a noun in a sentence. It generally functions as an appositive, the subject or the object of a transitive verb, complement of subject, object and preposition.

Forms of a noun clause
A noun clause can take either of these forms:

i. The TH – Clause (or that clause).
Example:
He said that he was coming.

ii. The WH – Clause.
Examples:
What he said propelled me.
How he did it surprised everyone.

iii. The -ing Clause (or gerundive clause)
Example:
Saying the truth is very important.

iv. The to – infinitive clause.
Example
To say the truth is very important.

Please note that the expressions in bold are the noun clauses.


Functions of a noun clause
A noun or nominal clause plays the following functions in a clause or sentence:

1. A noun clause functions as the subject of a verb in a given clause or sentence.
Examples:
i. What the students did is quite appalling.
ii. How he passed his exam remains a mystery.

In example 1, "What the students did" is a noun clause functioning as the subject the verb, "is", in the main clause. The complete statement, What the students did is quite appalling, is the main/independent clause housing the noun clause (which is also a dependent clause), "What the students did".

Similarly, in example 2, "How he passed his exam" is a noun clause functioning as the subject of the verb, "remains". This noun clause is housed by the main clause, How he passed his exam remains a mystery.

2. A noun clause functions as the object of a verb in a given clause.
Examples
i. I don't know why I am here.

"Why I am here" is a (WH) noun clause functioning as the object of the verb phrase, "don't know".

ii. The man said that he was coming.

"That he was coming" is a noun clause functioning as the object of the verb, "said".

3. A noun clause functions as a subject complement.
Examples
i. The point is what caused the fire.
ii. The most important thing is how I get home.

A subject complement follows a linking verb and modifies or refers to the subject. In the examples above, "what caused the fire" and "how I get home" are noun clauses which function as the complement of the subjects, "The point" and "The most important thing", respectively. It is obvious that each of these noun clauses follows the linking verb, "is", and refers to the subject which it complements.

Providing the correct answers to these questions will let you know that each of these noun clauses in the examples above refers to the subject which they complement:
Q1: What caused the fire?
A: The point.

Q2: How I get home is what?
A: The most important thing.

4. A noun clause functions as an object complement.
Example:
They made her husband what she liked.

"What she liked" is a noun clause functioning as the complement of the object of the sentence, "her husband".

5. A noun clause functions as a complement or an object of a preposition.
Example
I am responsible for what happened yesterday.

"What happened yesterday" is a noun clause functioning as the object/complement of the preposition, "for".

When a noun clause functions as the complement/object of a preposition, it comes immediately after the preposition. Here is another example:
"It depends on where he wants to go."

"Where he wants to go", as a noun clause, functions as the object/complement of the preposition, "on".

6. A noun clause functions as an appositive. When a noun clause functions as an appositive, it further explains a noun or noun phrase which precedes it.
Example
My question, what happened yesterday, has not been answered.

"What happened yesterday" is in apposition to the noun phrase, "My question".

ADVERBIAL CLAUSE AND ITS GRAMMATICAL FUNCTION
An adverbial clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb; that is, it modifies a verb or verb phrase, an adjective and a fellow adverb. Like every other clause, an adverbial clause has a subject and a predicate although sometimes its subject is implied.

There are different types of adverbial clause: adverbial clause of time, place, manner, reason,  condition, concession, etc.
Examples
1. It was raining when I woke up

"When I woke up" is an adverbial clause of time.

Grammatical function: It modifies the verb phrase, "was raining".

2. He died because he was stabbed.

"Because he was stabbed" is an adverbial clause of reason.

Function: It modifies the verb, "died".

3. The incident occurred where three roads meet.

"Where three roads meet" is an adverbial clause of place.

Function: It modifies the verb, "occurred".

4. Tammy sang as if he was hungry

"As he was hungry" is an adverbial clause of manner.

Function: It modifies the verb "sang".

5. I will never leave you unless you bless me.

"Unless you bless me" is an adverbial clause of condition.

Function: It modifies the verb phrase, "will never leave".

6. Although he had the time and space, he didn't do his assignment. 

"Although he had the time and space" is adverbial clause of concession. This type of adverbial clause shows a contrast between the main clause and the subordinate clause.

Function: It modifies the verb phrase, "didn't do".

ADJECTIVAL CLAUSE AND ITS GRAMMATICAL FUNCTION
An adjectival or relative clause is a subordinate clause which gives more information about the noun or pronoun it refers to in the main clause. The marketers of an adjectival clause are relative pronouns such as who, that, whose, which, whom, which, what and compound words such as whosoever, whichever and whatever. An adjectival clause chiefly functions as a modifier of a noun or noun phrase.

Please note that an adjectival clause is usually close to the noun it describes. Aside taking note of its marketers, this is another way one can easily identify an adjectival clause.
Examples
1. I know the place where they hid the book.

"Where they hid the book" is an adjectival clause.

Function: It modifies the noun phrase, "the place".

2. This is the boy whose result was stolen.

"Whose result was stolen" is an adjectival clause.

Function: It modifies the noun phrase, "the boy".

3. I like eating oranges that are sweet.

"That are sweet" is an adjectival clause.

Function: It modifies the noun, "oranges".

In sum, to correctly and easily identify the grammatical name and function of a given expression, one must always look at the position of the given expression in the main clause. As regards this topic, position plays a vital role. It is not just enough knowing the meaning and functions of these grammatical names.

Please note: In the second episode, I will be treating noun phrase, adverbial phrase, adjectival phrase, prepositional phrase and their grammatical functions. Always visit in order not to miss out.