9 New Words/Phrases #EndSARS Gave Nigerians

9 New Words/Phrases #EndSARS Gave Nigerians

The protest against police brutality in Nigeria left behind some words and phrases which have become popular with most Nigerians to date. Which of these words or phrases is your favourite?
#EndSARS Protest in Nigeria
1. WE MOVE
This phrase (which is usually used as a phrasal verb) simply means to continue an action.

The presence of the "verbalised" subject "we" makes it impossible to add another subject when using this phrase.

Example: We were attacked by hoodlums at Rumuokoro Junction while protesting police brutality. We move, regardless.

2. SELINA
–noun
black magic; voodoo

Example: In Port Harcourt, EndSARS protesters who didn't have selina were asked to stay behind.

3. SORO SOKE
–verb
i. To speak loudly or plainly

Example: This is not time to murmur; it's time to soro soke.

ii. To express one's opinion openly and unreservedly.

Example: The protesters were never afraid to soro soke when it was something they believed in strongly.

–adjective
bold; fearless; brave

Example: This is a soro soke generation, not an off-the-mic generation.

4. BUHARI HAS BEEN A BAD BOY
This implies that President Buhari has failed in his mandate as the leader of Nigeria.

This phrase was first used by a 21-year-old Nigerian girl during an interview with Hip TV. In her words, “Buhari has been a bad boy, and we will come for him next.”

5. WEREY WAN DISGUISE
This phrase is used when someone displays false attitude towards something in order to hide their true nature.

Example: SWAT is just a change of name; werey wan disguise.

6. FEM
This word became popular with Nigerian youth after Davido used it to title one of his singles. Most #EndSARS protesters used it instead of "shut up" to silence some politicians who addressed them for hours.

"Fem" is used as a verb to mean "shut up".

Example: Olu talks too much. I think he should fem.

7. WAHALA FOR WHO
 –pidgin phrase
Trouble for someone

This expression is usually used to achieve humour and to indirectly get the attention of someone. If, for instance, you come across a girl flaunting her engagement ring unnecessarily, you can get her attention by saying "Wahala for who no get fiancĂ©.” The girl will definitely look at your direction while you and your friends laugh about it.

8. NO DEY LOSE FOCUS
–pidgin phrase
To concentrate on the goal without wavering

This phrase came into existence when the #EndSARS protest was hijacked by hoodlums, giving rise to other criminal activities. It served as a constant reminder to protesters as regards the goal of the protest.

9. SELINA-TESTED
–adjective
If you are selina-tested, it means you have an invisible bulletproof vest on your body through voodoo practices.

Example: Selina-tested protesters led the protest in Port Harcourt. 
Easy Way To Link Your Phone Number with Your NIN

Easy Way To Link Your Phone Number with Your NIN

The Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) has given telecommunications operators in the country two weeks to block all SIM cards that are not registered with the National Identity Numbers (NIN).

Easy Way To Link Your Phone Number with Your NIN

Failure to do so will lead to your line being blocked or disconnected by the 31st of December 2020.

However, to avoid going into a new year without a blocked sim, please read through this article carefully.

What is NIN?

The National Identity Management Commission (NIMC) said NIN is a set of numbers assigned to an individual upon successful enrolment.

Enrolment consists of the recording of an individual’s demographic data and capture of the ten (10) fingerprints, head-to-shoulder facial picture and digital signature, which are all used to cross-check existing data in the National Identity Database to confirm that there is no previous entry of the same data.

How to Get your NIN?

If you have registered for your NIN, you should have your slip with you.

However, if you have misplaced it, you have to pay N500 through REMITA at any bank nearest to you; provide your Remita Teller to any NIMC Enrolment Centre (ERC) near you and request for a NIN slip print.

Alternatively, you can use the NIMC USSD service to retrieve it by following these steps:

Dial *346#; from the options displayed, select “NIN Retrieval”, by typing in ‘1’, if you are using the same phone number you enrolled with for your number.

Follow the steps displayed on your screen and provide the required inputs

Note: Using this service attracts N20 (twenty naira) fee-only (deducted from your phone credit balance).

However, Glo users might encounter some difficulties, a message from the service provider at about 10: 53 am today stated that their subscribers would not be able to retrieve NIN for now:

The message reads: “The code to verify your NIN is *346 on the registered mobile number. This service cost N20. However, you would be unable to retrieve your NIN on Glo for now. Sorry for this inconvenience.”

How to Link Your Phone Number With Your NIN

Linking your phone number to your number is very easy.

For MTN users, simply dial *785# and get it done in few seconds.

For Airtel users, simply dial *121*1# to link your Airtel SIM with your NIN.

For glo users, send “UpdateNIN, NIN, FirstName, LastName” to 109. For example, UPDATENIN 12345678903 Chidera Abdul-Ola

9mobile users should be calm as we patiently wait in haste to hear from their service provider as regards this issue.

FG will block the numbers that is not linked to NIN.

This Is How Nigerian Banks Will Charge Customers for Failed Transactions

This Is How Nigerian Banks Will Charge Customers for Failed Transactions

The rumour making the rounds is that you (and the rest of us) will now be charged for failed debit  transactions.
This Is How Nigerian Banks Will Charge Customers for Failed Transactions
Um, no. That’s not right.

Let's break down the facts.

1. Yes, there is a charge, but this charge is for failed direct debits, not all debit transactions.

You won't be charged if a bill payment, airtime (or data) purchase, outward transfer, ATM withdrawal or card payment fails.

You get the picture.

2. A direct debit needs your permission. For a direct debit to be made on your account, you have to give your bank a written and signed instruction to pay on your behalf at a specific time.

If, for example, you pay a certain bill every quarter, you can instruct your bank to pay the billing company every time the bill is due.

This isn't common because banks settle most bills on a pay-as-you-go basis, but it's an actual thing.


3. A direct debit fails when an account doesn't have enough money in it. If this ever happens to you (hopefully never), you will be charged 1% of the amount you were supposed to pay or 5,000 naira – whichever figure is higher.

That's a Central Bank rule, as you must already know.

4. Therefore, if you have an active auto-renewal payment in your account, it is necessary you cancel it so you don't get charged if it fails due to insufficient funds.

5. You can breathe easy. Really, you can. No one is going to charge you for “insufficient funds,” at least not today.

© Kuda Times 
Agency Banking: How To Successfully Run a POS Business

Agency Banking: How To Successfully Run a POS Business

POS business, which is also known as Agency Banking, is currently one of the leading and most lucrative businesses in Nigeria because most people lack the time and energy to visit any ATM or stand in long ATM line for cash withdrawal or transfer. To make life easier, they withdraw or transfer funds from the nearest POS banking agent and pay the required commission. You can make up to N5,000 daily if you have enough cash to give out, good customer base, or do the right thing.

It is also no news that millions of Nigerians are into POS business, but only a handful of them achieves more success within a short period of time. Do you think the others don't take the business seriously? Well, maybe there is something they are not doing right. This article will make amend. 

In this article, we shall discuss the following:

1. What is Agency Banking/POS Business?

2. How to set up a POS business

3. Factors that hinder the growth of a POS business 

4. Possible problems encountered in POS business 

5. How to make your POS business stand out 

6. The dos and don'ts of POS business 
Agency Banking: How To Successfully Run a POS Business
WHAT IS AGENCY BANKING? 
Agency banking is form of branchless banking that enables conventional banks or other financial institutions, through approved agents, to broaden their network of  branches and services  in cost-efficient manner. Agency banking is popularly known as POS business; thus these terms will be used interchangeable in the article.

HOW TO SET UP A POS BUSINESS
You need four major things to start a POS business: a shop, banner(s), physical cash, and a POS device. Your shop should be branded with the required accessories of the business. You need a banner or banners to create awareness and get the attention of passersby. You can start with at least N100,000 for withdrawal and deposit. Out of this N100,000, N80,000 should be made available for withdrawal whereas N20,000 should be kept in your account for deposit since the volume of withdrawal usually exceeds that of deposit in this business. However, you need to double your capital as you make progress in the business.  And of course you need a POS device to make this happen. Should you need a POS device, contact me: 08035232107. 

FACTORS THAT HINDER THE GROWTH OF A POS BUSINESS 
The growth or death of any business is mostly caused by the owner of the business. How would you feel if you were the cause of your own failure in business? If you would feel bad, you have to take note of the following factors and do the needful. These factors are the core enemies of a POS business: 

1. High Charges 
Your charges can make your customers run away or come back to perform more transactions. Moreover, the business is more competitive now. Gone are those days when there were a handful of POS outlets. Gone are those when you charged a customer N700 for N30,000 withdrawal, and the customer paid without uttering a word. Thus the lower your charges, the larger your customer base. And when you have more customers, you make more profit. 

I advise you apply wisdom when stating your charges. You can't be close to a bank and charge N200 or N300 for N10,000, neither can you charge the same amount when you are in the midst of other competitors. Take a tour, find out what other competitors charge and ensure your charges are lower than theirs to increase your customer base. 

2. Scope of the Business 
Most agents think agency banking (or POS business) is just about cash withdrawal and deposit. So, they limit their business to such uncircumcised thought. There is more to agency banking, My Friend. Aside from cash withdrawal and deposit, you can make bill payments, TV subscription, fund betting wallets, sell airtime and data bundles, sell WAEC result checker PIN, sell event tickets etc. If your service provider does not provide these services, there are a lot of android apps on Play Store which do and also pay commissions for all transactions done on the app. Download and install them, register, fund your wallet, and perform your transactions. Spread your tentacles and make more money.

3. Reliance on Ambassadors and Aggregators 
Ambassadors and aggregators act as middlemen between agents and their service providers. Most times, they carry out the registration process of potential agents and ensure that agents meet their daily targets. Like agents, their powers are limited. They can escalate issues (if there are any) but can't resolve them. They are also employees of the company you are working with/for. Therefore, solely relying on them for the resolution of all disputes in your business means killing your business gradually. 

From personal experience, most ambassadors or aggregators hardly take their calls. But you won't blame them because they also have targets. The best thing to do as an agent is to get the helplines of your service provider(s) and call them when necessary. Disputes, in most cases, are resolved within a short period of time when you call the helplines of your service provider(s). In this business, customers trust your credibility when you resolve their disputes on time. 

4. Failure To Pay Attention to Details 
The name “Service Provider” is not there for a mere fanciful purpose. As the name implies, service providers provide agents with the needed services that enhance the growth of their businesses. Every POS company has an android application which agents use for their businesses. You can do a whole lot with it – check your daily or lifetime transactions, log disputes or tickets, contact support, or even chat live with a customer care representative. Unfortunately, most agents are too busy to notice all these features. They would rather disturb their aggregators with every little problem. If you are conversant with the agent app of your service provider, you won't bother anybody should you encounter any problem, and resolving any issue won't be a problem to you. Learn to study the agent app of your service provider. 

5. Bad Customer Service 
If you are an agent who always refers customers to their banks to resolve dispense errors, please stop it. Do you think those customers will come back to your business centre after stressfully resolving such errors? The answer is NO. In most cases, you can help your customers resolve  disputes without going to the bank. When there is a dispute, especially dispense error, you can contact the customer's bank through a phone call and make the complaint. This should be done after your service provider must have confirmed that the money is not in their possession. In other words, you must first contact your service provider before contacting the customer's bank to make such complaint. A registered dispute takes a maximum time of three working days to be resolved. During this period, calm the customer down with nice words and assure him/her of getting the money reversed at the stipulated time. I have won the hearts of many customers with this kind gesture. It's your business; make it fruitful. 

6. Familiarity 
Some customers may feel they are entitled to buy on credit or borrow money from you because they know you or always carry out their transactions at your business centre. For the same reason, your siblings, friends, parents or acquaintances may feel the same way. You stop your business from growing once you approve this thought of theirs. Business is business; take heed lest you fall. 

7. Location
You have to consider “location” if you must excel in agency banking. Do not site your shop at a place that is very close to a bank or an ATM outlet. The bank will definitely enjoy more patronage than you because of the varying charges. Also, site your shop at a place where it is easily seen by passersby. You will also make more profit if you site your shop at a place that is close to a market. 

8. Operating in Isolation 
Nobody knows it all in this busines. You can't excel in this business if you are alone. Do not see other agents as enemies. Feel free to visit them and ask questions where necessary. The fight is against poverty, not ourselves. Instead of competing with other agents, collaborate with them to make your business grow. 

9. The Use of a POS Device as the Only Device 
Agents who use only one device get frustrated easily once there is a network problem. Using only one device in this business means standing on one of your legs. You can never be comfortable. You need more than one device so you don't get stranded, lose customers and consequently close your business for the day once bad network creeps in. 

POSSIBLE PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED IN POS BUSINESS/AGENCY BANKING
Four major problems you can't run away from in POS business/agency banking are:
1. Dispense Error
This error is associated with withdrawal and is caused by bad network. When a bank or financial institution debits a customer's account without giving him/her value for such debit, it is called a dispense error

An agent is expected not to pay an affected customer when there is a dispense error in spite of the customer's appeal or threat. The agent should rather log such transaction as a dispute and wait for resolution. If the money is with the agent's service provider, the money will be refunded into the customer's account or the agent's wallet depending on the service provider. Otherwise, the customer will be asked to visit his/her bank for resolution. I advise agents to always assist their customers during this process and manage them professionally. This will make them patronise you more. 

2. Pending Transaction(s)
This problem is associated with deposit. When you try to deposit money into a customer's account and it shows pending, it means the transaction is not completed yet and the beneficiary hasn't gotten value for such transaction. In this case, you don't need to carry out the transaction again. 

Pending transactions may take 24-48hrs or less to process successfully. However, you can contact the support team of your service provider for quick resolution. The money maybe reversed to the agent's wallet or paid into the beneficiary's account once the transaction is reprocessed.

3. General Network Problem
Most times, bad network affects withdrawal without affecting deposit or fund transfer, and vice versa. But when there is a general network problem, you won't be able to withdraw or deposit cash, make bill payments, buy airtime or data etc.  Everything is down. At this point, you need another device to sail smoothly. 

4. There are times when a transaction is successful but the agent's wallet isn't credited. In this case, you are expected to refresh or sync your wallet so you can get value for such transaction. If you don't get value after doing this, contact your support team. 

HOW TO MAKE YOUR POS BUSSINESS STAND OUT
When the going gets tough, the tough gets going. Similarly, when a business becomes more competitive, you have to look for other ways to make yours unique in order to remain in business. Below are some good pointers on making your POS business unique:

1. Packaging 
The difference between Mr Biggs and a roadside restaurant is packaging. Agency banking, as the name implies, is a banking business. So, it won't be bad if you give your business a bank setting. Unlike other agents who run this business under a small canopy or an umbrella decorated with tables and plastic or wooden chairs, you can rent a shop and furnish it like a bank. Make your customers comfortable, and they will find comfort in your shop 24/7. And this means more money. Below is a 30-second video of the interior of my shop. 


2. Create Online Presence 
Most agents don't showcase their busineses online because they feel agency banking is all about cash withdrawal and deposit. See factor number 2 to know what agency banking entails. I started my POS business online, but today, I own a well-packaged shop which I rented with the profit I made from my online shop. Place your business online and watch it grow within a short period of time. 

3. Accept Transfer as a Form of Withdrawal
Today, most agents don't accept transfer as a form of withdrawal because of fake alerts. All they do is card withdrawal. Have you ever thought of how your customer base will increase if you accept transfer? This will also make your business stand out since most agents don't accept transfer. You can accept transfer, but don't rely on SMS alert when you do. When a customer transfers money into your account, use your bank mobile app to check whether you have received the money or not. Pay the customer only when the money has reflected in your mobile app, not when you receive an alert. SMS alerts can be manipulated, but the money in your bank mobile app can't be manipulated. 

4. Provision of Good Customer Care Service
Without your customers, you are nothing. Give them all the assistance they want when they have issues. Don't refer them to their banks for resolution of disputes, especially dispense errors, except they MUST visit their banks for them to be resolved. 

THE DOS AND DON'TS OF POS BUSINESS 
1. Don't use any bank's device to start a POS business except you have enough cash set aside for the business.  Unlike devices of other financial institutions, most banks' devices don't have wallets; thus, all transactions carried out on a day drop in the agent's Personal Business Account(PBA) the next day. Transactions done on Friday drop in the agent's PBA on Monday. This is how most banks' devices are configured. There are many companies that offer POS services: Opay, PayCentre, Moniepoint, Paga, Capricon Digital (Baxi Box) etc. Using any of these companies' devices makes life easier for you because of the wallet feature. All cash withdrawals drop immediately in your wallet, giving you easy access to your funds (which you can also transfer to your bank account and subsequently withdraw from any bank's ATM when you run out of cash). Contact me should you need any of these devices: 08035232107.

2. Don't set up a POS business because you think it is lucrative. Set it up because you are ready to render quality services to the public. 

3. For security reason, don't give out large sum of money to people you don't really know as most persons may come to know your financial strength in order to strike when necessary. 

4. Don't keep large sum of money in your shop. If, for instance, you have set aside N500,000 for withdrawal and deposit, keep only N100,000 in your shop. The balance of N400,000 should be kept elsewhere. 

5. Always display your customer service skill whenever customers experience a problem in your shop. Give them all the assistance they need, and do not let them resolve a dispute alone. 

6. If you must have an employee, endeavour to teach him/her the business before leaving the business in their care. 

7. Count your Naira notes twice or thrice before paying a customer in order not to overpay him/her. 

8. Thoroughly check all Naira notes brought for deposit so you don't receive counterfeit notes. 

9. Close on time as evil is mostly perpetrated at night. 

10. Always check your previous balance and current balance before and after carrying out a transaction. This will help you know when you have cash shortage. 

11. Report any dispense error or pending transaction by logging it as a dispute once it is brought to your notice. You can also contact your service provider's support team as regards this issue for quick resolution. 

12. Get as many POS devices as possible so you don't get frustrated when one is affected by bad network. 

13. Don't pay a customer when there is a dispense error. Learn to manage the customer until the issue is resolved. 

14. Be security conscious. 

POS business is a lucrative business, but only those who apply wisdom prosper beyond measure.
English is a second language, not a foreign language in Nigeria

English is a second language, not a foreign language in Nigeria

Are you among the many Nigerians who feel speaking or writing the English language correctly is not necessary because it is a foreign language? If you are, please get a seat.
English is a SECOND LANGUAGE, not a FOREIGN LANGUAGE in Nigeria. And there is a sharp dichotomy between a second language and a foreign language. 

Unlike a foreign language, a second language is useful domestically. In other words, the English language is useful in Nigeria. It is not just the official language of Nigeria but also a lingua franca in Nigeria. It is an official language because it is the language that is approved by the Nigerian government, taught in schools, and used in legal or official documents.  A lingua franca is a common language used as a medium of communication by people whose native languages are different. And it is quite obvious that the English language is doing well in this regard. 

We learn a second language for two main reasons: instrumental reason and integrative reason.

The instrumental reason has to do with learning the second language for education and to secure a job. Now ask yourself. Will you be given a job in Nigeria if you are unable to speak and write English correctly? The English language is seen as an instrument for learning and acquiring the required competence to secure a job. 

The integrative reason has to do with learning the second language to fuse into the social and cultural life patterns of the native speakers. In other words, we the English language to be fully acculturated into the behavioural patterns and attitudes of the native speakers. 

However, as stated in paragraph three, a foreign language is not useful domestically. It is only useful outside the country for a specific purpose. For instance, a Nigerian student in Spain must learn Spanish to be able to socialise and set along educationally. An Igbo trader who goes regularly to France to transact business would have to learn and speak French for the purpose of business transaction. It is different from learning the English language in Nigeria because the English language is useful domestically. 

Therefore, stop saying “English is a foreign language in Nigeria." The earlier you know that English is a second language in Nigeria, the better for you.
5 Ways to Overcome Public Speaking Fears

5 Ways to Overcome Public Speaking Fears

The fear of public speaking has ruined the opportunities of many people. In this lesson, we present five effective ways to overcome public speaking fears!

How To Acknowledge a Writer Whose Post You Copied and Posted on Your Facebook Wall

How To Acknowledge a Writer Whose Post You Copied and Posted on Your Facebook Wall

How To Acknowledge a Writer Whose Post You Copied and Pasted on Your Facebook Wall
Ideally, when someone makes a post which interests you and you feel your friends need to read it too, you are expected to share it on your wall. You don't even need any permission to do that. It is not also wrong to copy and paste the post on your wall if you so choose. But when you do, IT IS WRONG not to credit the post to the author. Below are examples of the proper ways to acknowledge the author:

1. At the top:

✓ Itse De wrote (or writes)

✓ As copied from Itse De

✓ The post below is authored by Itse De

✓ As written by Itse De

2. Beneath the post:

✓ Written by Itse De

✓ © Itse De

✓ Credit: Itse De

✓ Author: Itse De

You may choose any of the methods above. Editing the author's name out of a post is not only wrong but also stealing.

Writing "Copied" without stating who you copied from, especially when you know the author, is witchcraft. It is also wrong, for instance, to simply write ITSE  beneath the post. Write the name in full because there are many Itsedes in Nigeria. To stretch this, writing the name in full, as a way of tag, without showing any sign that the tagged individual is the author, is a thieving way to claim the work because your audience may think you are simply drawing the individual's attention. Let there be a pointer showing the author. If the author's name isn't good enough to appear on your wall, don't copy his work.  

Friends, copying a post and editing a name out of it even when the name is clearly written beneath it is not proper. 

Let's change this attitude!

© Barr. Itsede K. Okhai
The Effects of Coronavirus on Education in Nigeria: The Negative and Positive

The Effects of Coronavirus on Education in Nigeria: The Negative and Positive

The Effects of Coronavirus on Education in Nigeria: The Negative and Positive
The advent of the COVID-19 pandemic has undoubtedly had serious global impact on human life as we know it. Virtually nothing is the same as no sphere of society and human interaction has escaped the direct or ripple effect of the novel coronavirus; from healthcare to aviation to food production and security; from arts to sports to banking to manufacturing to event planning/management and on to education and whatnot. All sectors of life across countries have obviously been affected in one way or the other, and our nation Nigeria is not left out.