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Oct 22, 2018

Fraction: How to Solve and Arrange Fractions (in Ascending and Descending Order)

Fraction: How to Solve and Arrange Fractions (in Ascending and Descending Order)

Fraction: How to Solve and Arrange Fractions (in Ascending and Descending Order)
These are a few things discussed in this tutorial:
1. The meaning of fraction

2. Reduction of fraction to its lowest term.

3. Equivalent fraction

4. Arranging fractions in an ascending and descending order

Before you get the complete tutorial, it is important you first know the meaning of fraction.

What is a Fraction?
1. A fraction is a number that represents a part of a whole.

2. It consists of a Numerator and Denominator. For example, if you take half from 1, it means you have taken a fraction from 1, which is ½. Just like your orange fruit when you peel it and slice a fraction out of it to drink.

Get the complete tutorial here.

Oct 20, 2018

How to be a successful ESL teacher

How to be a successful ESL teacher

Teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) is not an easy task. In other words, it is really taxing. However, with these few tips, you can achieve success:
How to be a successful ESL teacher
1. Be Different
Memorable ESL teachers are often successful teachers. They usually obtain more classes or private students through word of mouth and recommendations from former students. So how do you become memorable? You are memorable when you’re different and unlike any other teacher a student has had before.

And how do you accomplish that? If you let your inner personality shine through, you will be different – guaranteed. Don’t be a robot that spews lists of verbs and explanations on when to use each tense. Be yourself and let your students get to know you and what makes you different from other teachers.

2. Don’t Lose Sight of Your Mission
We’ve already established that as a teacher you’re not out to make loads of money. So, what is your mission as an ESL teacher? To help your students achieve their language learning goals, whether it is to speak, write or understand English better. Don’t lose sight of this, and you will help them succeed, which in turn will make you successful as well.

3. Be Helpful
Successful teachers go above and beyond their expected tasks. They recommend materials for extra practice. They provide information students request. They do research on an examination a student might want to take. Does this take up more of your time? Of course it does! But your students’ deepest appreciation is absolutely priceless.

4. Deliver Results
Successful ESL teachers deliver results that can be easily seen and measured by students, and not just by means of exam grades. Always review with your students the goals they have achieved in the semester and at the end of the year. More than a number on a test, they need to see exactly what they learned and compare it to what they didn’t know in the past.

5. Be Passionate
Successful ESL teachers teach everything with passion, even things that are less than interesting like Reported Speech or the Subjunctive Mood. Passion is contagious when transmitted properly, and passionate students learn more.

Source: The Teaching Revolution

"The Many Sins of Buhari (as compiled)" by Barr. Itsede Kingsley Okhai

"The Many Sins of Buhari (as compiled)" by Barr. Itsede Kingsley Okhai

"The Many Sins of Buhari (as compiled)" by Barr. Itsede Kingsley Okhai

1. He made Nigeria the poverty capital of the world

2. He brought recession

3. While Obasanjo removed Nigeria from debt, he plunged Nigeria back into debt

4. The Nigerian president who on national TV said he would not obey court orders

5. The most tribalistic Nigerian president ever

6. He uses state apparatus to protect his friends while punishing and prosecuting his enemies

7. He pretends to be poor while his family lives in luxury

8. He spent almost his entire tenure blaming past governments except himself

9. He has no knowledge of economics

10. He admitted he has no knowledge of how to make money

11. Over eleven million Jobs lost under his watch

12. Herdsmen killing rose under his watch

13. He could not start and complete even a single project throughout his tenure

14. He told lies about his educational qualification

15. He said he was only going to run for a single tenure

16. His party introduced vote buying into Nigerian political lexicon

17. He used police to threaten voters and intimidate them to secure electoral victories.

18. He rules with an "I don't care' attitude"
19. He only grants interview to foreign journalists.

20. He insults and de-markets the country when he travels abroad

21. He built no single hospital

22. He enjoys foreign health facilities while his people die in dilapidated hospitals

23. He failed to disclose his ailment as it's done in transparent governments all over the world

24. He failed to disclose the source of funding of his foreign medical treatments

25. Under his watch, Transparency International said that the country's corruption index rose from 136th to 148th in the world

26. He destroyed almost all the free and fair electoral gains of the past administrations

27. He runs a govt of 'blame game'

28. He considers himself above the Law and can jettison the justice system to be subservient to his ideas

29. He recruited one of the most incompetent persons to serve as Ministers

30. He recruited certificate forgers and Law breakers to serve as Ministers

31. He appointed dead people into federal parastatals

32. He likes appointing old people to sensitive offices

33. He believes on the superiority of his ethnic group or region to other regions

34. He introduced Double digit inflation to the country

35. He banned relevant items without a good plan of how to locally substitute them

36. The currency of the country was devalued under his watch as the currency lost more than 50% of its value on just few months

37. Under his watch, the stock exchange lost more than 50% of its value

38. He Encourages World leaders to deport citizens of his country that fled the country

39. They have to interpret English into English to him

40. He runs away from intellectual discussions like debates

41. He never established a single business close to thirty years after leaving power

42. He never wrote a single book, a sign of a dormant brain

43. He never improved himself academically thirty years after leaving power

44. He never suggested to any leader an idea as to how to make the nation better

45. All he did when he lost election was to threaten the country

46. Lives are always lost due to his comments whenever he loses elections

47. The only leader in the history of the country to appoint someone of his ethnic group to hold the office of the national  electoral umpire

48. The only leader in the history of the country to appoint people of his tribe, ethnic group or region to head nearly all the security and intelligence agencies in the country

49. His appointees have no regard to other arms of govt like the senate and House of Representatives

50. The only leader that retains his appointees to govt offices even when the senate refuses to confirm them or outrightly rejects the confirmation of such persons

51. The only leader in the history of the country to openly admit that he shall somewhat favour the regions that voted for him

52. He would remember your 'sins' when you speak ill of him

53. He is never aware of anything under his watch

54. His govt reinstated the pension thief

55. His Minister of state for petroleum blew the whistle on illegal oil contract worth $25billion done by the head of the country oil corporation yet he neither probed it nor removed the head of the oil corporation

56. His kitchen cabinet member spent N200million to cut grass at IDP camp. After public outcry, up till now the man has not appeared in court

57. His country men heard about Budget padding for the first time under his watch

58. Journalists were arrested and detained for publishing the truth under his watch
59. High ranking public office holders were tear-gassed for protesting peacefully under his watch

60. The only leader in the history of the country whose wife told an international news agency that she shall not come out and campaign for him in the next election if things continue like that

Same Buhari wants to remain President till 2023. Let's not allow affliction to rise the second time.
5 Ways You Can Improve Your English Writing Skill

5 Ways You Can Improve Your English Writing Skill

As long as English is the medium of communication in this part of the world, there is need for improvement as regards your spoken and written English. Many of you may or may not have been sufficiently taught how to improve your English writing skill. Be that as it may, these 5 ways will definitely improve your writing skills if strictly adhere to:
5 Ways You Can Improve Your English Writing Skills
1. Try to expand your vocabulary of English
Do your best to learn new words, difficult or easy. If you don't develop your English vocabulary, you will definitely lack the right words to express your thoughts. Click here to see different ways you develop your English vocabulary. 

2. Work on your English spelling
Never hesitate to practise spelling words which you find difficult. Spelling is a large part of written English, so it's important that you try your best to get the spelling of most words down. 

3. Read regularly
Once you've improved your spelling skill, try to read regularly. Seeing and reading English writing in person will help you understand how sentences are formed. It will also expose you to novel ideas and the style of other writers, which will positively affect your writing skill afterwards. Those who read regularly have more things to talk about on a given topic than those who read occasionally.  

4. Improve your grammar
It's now time to improve your grammar. Practise with the English texts you have read. Use examples from these texts or other English texts to help you with this. Grammar, along with spelling, is an important part of English writing. Make sure to practice using correct grammar when writing in English. 

5. Practise
Above all, you have to practise! Practise writing English sentences, questions, and phrases. Take what you've learnt from reading to help you with the structure of a sentence; use spelling to make sure your words are correct! Take that improved vocabulary, add in some new words, and constantly check to see that your grammar is correct. You just need to practise!
NYSC: Date for the 2018 Batch C (Stream 1) Orientation Course Announced

NYSC: Date for the 2018 Batch C (Stream 1) Orientation Course Announced

This is to inform all prospective Corps members that the management of the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) has announced the date for the commencement of the 2018 Batch C (Stream 1) orientation course. According to management, the 2018 Batch C (Stream 1) orientation course will commence on Tuesday, 23rd October, 2018 and end on Monday, 12th November, 2018.
NYSC: Date for the 2018 Batch C (Stream 1) Orientation Course Announced
All PCMs are, therefore, advised to print their call up letters on the NYSC website to know their states of deployment in order to adequately prepare for the orientation course. They are also advised to adhere strictly to the instructions on their call up letters and set out on time to avoid late night travels.

How to print NYSC call up letter

1. Visit the NYSC portal @

2. Log in with your registered email and password.

3. Click the “Print Call Up Letter” link to access and print your call up letter.


Below are a few things every prospective corps member should note while preparing for the 2018 Batch C (Stream 1) orientation course:

i. Persons who studied in Nigeria should bring to camp: Degree/HND Certificates or Statement of Results, Personal Identity Card from Institution of graduation.

ii. Foreign graduates should bring, for verification, original copies of ALL their uploaded credentials and travel documents including International passport.

iii. Foreign graduates are to ensure that academic paper(s) in Languages other than English must be translated into English accordingly; both versions must be presented for verification at the camp.

iv. Medical/veterinary Doctors, Dentists, Pharmacists, Optometrists, Physiotherapists Nurses and Public Environmental Health graduates should bring their professional licenses or certificates of full registration issued by their professional bodies.

Oct 16, 2018

Do this in order to be eligible for Airtel's 4.6GB for N200, 23GB for N1000

Do this in order to be eligible for Airtel's 4.6GB for N200, 23GB for N1000

It is no news that Airtel is currently dishing out 100% data bonus to its customers. This offer gives you 4.6GB for N200, 23GB for N1000, but not all customers are eligible for it. If you are among such customers, I have good news for you - you can get this amazing offer by trying the method below.
Do this in order to be eligible for Airtel's 4.6GB for N200, 23GB for N1000

How to be Eligible for Airtel 4.6GB for N200, 23GB for N1000

1. Migrate to Airtel Trybe by dialling *312#, and Select 1.

2. You will receive a confirmation message welcoming you to Airtel Trybe.

3. After receiving this message, send GET to 141 via SMS.

4. You will receive a congratulatory message like the one below. If you don't receive such message, then you are not qualified.
5 Buy Airtel's N200 airtime voucher, and recharge by dialling *143*pin#
6. You will be credited with 4.6GB immediately.
7. To check your data balance, dial *223#

Oct 14, 2018

Airtel's 4.6GB for N200, and 23GB for N1000 is still working! Get it now

Airtel's 4.6GB for N200, and 23GB for N1000 is still working! Get it now

After few weeks of giving its customers double data bonus when they buy data bundle of N500 and above, Airtel is here again with another mind-blowing offer – an offer that gives you a whopping 4.6GB data for N200, or 23GB for N1000. Please, note that, like every other data bonus, this offer is for eligible customers. In other words, this 100% data bonus from Airtel is not for all customers. But you can give it a try. After all, there is no harm in trying. Those customers who didn't get the double data bonus from Airtel might get this one. 
Airtel's 4.6GB for N200, and 23GB for N1000 is still working! Get it now
That being said, let's quickly get to the crux of the matter.

1. This is very simple. Just go to your message and send GET to 141.

2. Make sure you receive a message (from Airtel) like the one below.
3. If you receive a congratulatory message like the one in the screenshot above, then buy Airtel's N200 recharge voucher.

4. Recharge, using this code: *143*recharge card pin#

5. Once the recharge is successful, you will get a whooping 4.6GB from Airtel.

6. Dial *223# to check your data balance.

Please, note that the data is valid for 30 days, that is, a month.

To get this, you just have to keep recharging N200 using the recharge format above. You get 23GB when you recharge five times. Check your data balance by dialling *223#

Oct 13, 2018

7 Possible Ways You Can Be a Better Teacher

7 Possible Ways You Can Be a Better Teacher

While some are born teachers, others are taught how to teach. Regardless of the category you fit in, you can be a better teacher if you observe the seven points listed below:
7 Possible Ways You Can Be a Better Teacher 
1. Respect Your Students
Respect goes a long way. When you respect your students, they’re more likely to respect you. A class dynamic of mutual respect is second to none.  Classes with mutual respect allow for more effective learning and teaching. Here are some ideas for creating a respectful space: learn about their culture, ask them what they need help with, be open with them about their progress, help them set goals, ask them about their likes and dislikes and, above all, smile. I do these with my students all the time, and do you know what? They are always to confident to tell me anything, whether good or bad.

2. Don’t be Afraid of Assessments
Assessments are important and informative. The key here is that we don’t want to go overboard. There is no such thing as too much assessment, and the way you approach assessments can make all the difference in your students' attitude towards them. Good teachers assess their students on a daily basis. Assessment can be informal or formal. The informal assessments are the ones you witness, but do not have physical evidence of. Informal assessment is mostly oral in nature. It includes oral presentations in class, interviews (like a question-and-answer session) and visual observation. With informal assessments, you can witness what students are doing in real time to guide the lesson to where it needs to be to meet your goal. Formal assessments (also known as pen-and-paper) give us actual evidence as to where students are and help us inform future instruction. The mid-term test and end of term examination are examples of formal assessment. And this is what most teachers do.

One trick is to make assessments an everyday normal part of class. As a teacher, you should let your students know that assessments are not a big deal, but as their teacher you need to know where they are so you can see how they're growing and help them grow further. Without assessments, we are lost as to what our students need. Once you give a "pre assessment," you can continue to give the same assessment every few weeks, or months to continue showing progress.

3. Let Students Teach
They say that the best way to learn something is to teach it. If your students are not understanding a particular topic or material, strategically group them, and allow those that understand to teach those that don’t. This is beneficial for both groups. Teaching reaffirms what they know and gives them more confidence. Learning from peers allows them to get instruction in a different perspective and level.

4. Practice Self Care
Take care of yourself outside of class in order to be fit for the next day's tasks. Get enough rest, drink water, eat your vegetables. All those things that you should be doing anyway will really go far and give you the energy to be the best teacher you are capable of being. Don’t underestimate the power of self care.

5. Don’t Plan Too Much
It’s so easy to get carried away and plan way too much. We have all done this. In an effort to teach as many points as possible, you plan way too much and end up rushing through the entire class. The next thing you know class is over and you’re left feeling confused about what just happened. Instead of trying to fit every little thing into one lesson, break up one topic into smaller parts. Teaching should only be a small part of class. For the most part, you want your class to have adequate practice time, and instead of teaching, you should become a “coach.” Unfortunately, most teachers spend the most part of the allocated time teaching the theoretical aspect of the lesson, paying less attention to the practical aspect. I think the popular saying, "Practice makes perfect," should always be your motto.

6. Get Your Planning System in Check
All teachers should have a planning system in check for lessons. If you don’t already have a system, get one! It will organize your life and make your teaching more intentional and effective.

There are many ways that you can setup your plans, but you should use whatever is the quickest and works for you. Some ideas you may want to include are: notes, objectives, language targets, list of activities, and worksheets.

An important thing to remember when setting up your planning system is to get a binder (or organize it in computer folders) to save for the future. Your lessons will become more developed as the years go by.

7. Redefine Your Teaching Philosophy
Most teachers have explored their teaching philosophy at one point or another in their career. If it’s been awhile since you’ve done this, I suggest you redefine your philosophy as you may have learnt a bit more about your personal teaching style in the time since you last defined your philosophy. To some, this may seem like a minor detail, but it can actually be quite helpful. Knowing and understanding your teaching philosophy will help inform how you conduct your class. Also, if anyone ever asks, you will be confident in your answer. If you’re having trouble getting started, you can simply search for “how to write a teaching philosophy” or “teaching philosophy statement examples” on Google to find some information on the internet. Also, you can write a general philosophy on your teaching practices as well as philosophies on planning, student growth, management, homework, attendance, etc.

In sum, teaching is the most important profession of all the professions in the world because teachers are builders of lives. They make the doctors, lawyers, engineers, accountants, linguists, architects, etc. Therefore, never hesitate to give your students your best (if you are a teacher) regardless of the pay.

Source: The Teaching Revolution

Oct 12, 2018

Four Basic Operations in Mathematics: Multiplication and Division

Four Basic Operations in Mathematics: Multiplication and Division

This is a continuation of the previous lesson. In our previous lesson, we looked at  two (addition and subtraction) out of the four basic operations in Mathematics; therefore, in this lesson, the other two (multiplication and division) are discussed. If you missed the previous lesson, you can get it HERE.

Four Basic Operations in Mathematics: Multiplication and Division

Before we start this tutorial, I want you to go back to your multiplication table if you have forgotten it. For now, you can recite from tables 1 to 10. One unique thing about multiplication is that it makes calculation very much easy. Instead of calculating ₦20 + ₦20 + ₦20 + ₦20 + ₦20 = ₦100 (like we illustrated in our previous lesson under addition), you just count the number of ₦20 and multiply the number by the ₦20. Since the number of ₦20 is 5, we will have: ₦20 × 5 = ₦100. It’s simple, right? Well, you will understand it better as we solve more examples.

Click HERE to get the tutorial.

Oct 10, 2018

Some Pitfalls you need to avoid when starting your English teaching career online

Some Pitfalls you need to avoid when starting your English teaching career online

English as a Second Language (ESL) teachers, especially those who are starting their ESL or English teaching career online, are always victims of online fraudsters or amateurs. In order to be proficient in the language (English) and dish out quality tutorials to their online students, ESL teachers enrol in different online English programmes whose tutors claim to be native speakers of English. They do this without a second thought and, most times, get disillusioned when things don't work out as expected.
Some Pitfalls you need to avoid when starting your English teaching career online

Well, it is good to advance in your career, but it is also important you take note of or avoid these pitfalls when you are starting your ESL or English teaching career online or offline!

1. The online companies that will want you to get certified
First of all, there are tons of companies that want you to spend money getting certified. The truth is that you don't need to. If you're looking for a job, then you're better off learning what you need to know instead of paying for a piece of paper. Most people who have those pieces of paper like TEFL, CELTA, TKT certificates don't know much about teaching ESL online or offline. If you want to get results for your students, then you definitely don't need those pieces of paper because TEFL courses do not teach you how to do that.

2. The online companies that promise to better your English
Another trap to avoid is online companies like VIPKID or iTutor Company or ABCTutor or a number of others. These are large Chinese companies that specialize in chewing up newbie and wannabe teachers left and right and spitting them out within a few months (if not sooner). You are going to waste a lot of time dealing with them and make very little money when it is all said and done.

3. The online platforms that let you choose your hourly rate
Another thing to be weary of is online platforms that tell you that you can choose your own hourly rate, set your hours of availability and that they will find students for you. These platforms take huge percentage of your money and can change the terms and conditions of your partnership so fast that you could be left without a business. It's always better to build your business on a platform controlled by you.

4. The guys online
The last category of things to look out for when you're getting into the ESL industry is "the guys online" who want to sell you programs that show you how to start an ESL career. They might tell you that you can do it yourself on Skype or that they've got tons of students and will show you how to get students too. When you see offers from guys like this, do your homework and make sure that they've actually set up a successful business of their own. You would be surprised, but the majority of these people haven't actually set up a real teaching business.

The overall message here is that it is better to spend your time and money investing in yourself than investing it into a company that is supposed to get clients for you or pay you an hourly wage.

Source: The Teaching Revolution.