11 Commonly Confused Words: How To Use Them Correctly in Sentences

11 Commonly Confused Words: How To Use Them Correctly in Sentences

11 Commonly Confused Words: How To Use Them Correctly in Sentences

Each of the pairs of words listed below is usually confusing to learners of English as regards which to use in their writings and utterances. But with the hint provided under each pair, such dilemma will be a thing of the past.

Advise (verb) vs. Advice (noun).

Hint: I was advised to always heed my parents' advice.

Taught (past tense of teach) vs. Thought (past tense of think).

Hint: Well, I thought you said your English teacher taught you well.

Breath (noun) vs. Breathe (verb).

Hint: You are my breath of life, the air that I breathe.

4. LOSE vs. LOOSE 
Hint: You lose a game but loose or loosen something that is tied.

Hint: Please, don't bother me with the news of the Nigerian borders.

Hint: Whether you like it or not, tonight's weather demands a lot of cuddles.

Where (place) vs. Were (past tense of “are”).

Hint: Where were you when I came in? Do you mean you were where you were?

8. ONCE vs. ONES
“Once” is always about time and answers the questions, “When?” and “How many times?”

On the other hand, “ones” has to do with things.

i. Once I get the ones I am looking for, I will let you go.

ii. I played this game once and won. It is really surprising that I didn't win the ones I played twice. 

A Compliment is an expression of praise, respect, commendation, or admiration. 

In contrast, a complement is something that makes complete or perfect.

Hint: Wow! I love your outfit! The shiny red shoes complement the red purse.

Response: Thanks for the compliment. 

“Compliments” (that is, compliment + s) is a courteous greeting; good wishes; regards.

i. Compliments of the season.

ii. Tammy sends you his compliments.

10. YOU'RE vs. YOUR 
You're (the shortened form of “You are”) vs Your (the possessive form of “You”).

Hint: You're my sister, but I don't like your attitude.

Belief (noun) vs. Believe (verb).

Hint: Whether you believe me or not, I have a belief that the earth is spherical. 
“If I was” vs. “If I were” – Which Is Correct?

“If I was” vs. “If I were” – Which Is Correct?

“If I was” vs “If I were” – Which Is Grammatically Correct?

If you are expressing a conditional future, the correct expression to use is “if I were.” So it should be “If I were you,” “if my father were here.” However, over the years, “if I was” has become very popular and is gaining respectability. So “if I were” and “if I was” are now used interchangeably in both Britain and America.

Now, this is my advice: if you want to impress grammatical purists, use "if I were." Otherwise, feel free to use "if I was." I personally, use "If I were" in formal contexts and "if I was" in informal contexts.

© Farooq A. Kperogi
Glo's Special Data Offer Is Back – Get 1GB for N300

Glo's Special Data Offer Is Back – Get 1GB for N300

Glo has finally heard the cry of its subscribers by reintroducing the Glo Special Data Offer which was cancelled some weeks ago.
Glo Special Data Offer Is Back – Get 1GB for N300

Before now, the Glo Special Data Offer gave subscribers a whopping 1GB (which was valid for 3 days) for N200. However, with the ‘reintroduced’ Special Data Offer, subscribers will have to pay N300 to get 1GB, which is valid for 24hrs. The price is still okay, but the duration is the game changer. I think this plan is much more appropriate only in cases where customers have a lot of files to download as soon as possible.

How to Activate the Glo Special Data plan 1GB for N300

1. Dial *777#, and Select 1.

2. Select 1 again, and chose 5 (Special Data Offer)

3. Press 1 for daily offer and you are good to go.
Glo's Special Data Offer Is Back – Get 1GB for N300

As earlier stated, this offer is now valid for 24hrs. You can subscribe as many times as possible until you get tired. 
NYSC Announces Date for the 2019 Batch 'B' Online Registration

NYSC Announces Date for the 2019 Batch 'B' Online Registration

NYSC Announces Date for the 2019 Batch 'B' Online Registration
The National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) has, through its Twitter handle, informed the general public that the online registration for 2019 Batch ‘B’ prospective corps members will commence on Saturday, June 1, and end on Wednesday, June 12, 2019. Prospective corps members are, by this notice, advised to get prepared for the exercise.
NYSC Announces Date for the 2019 Batch 'B' Online Registration

Access vs Assess: A Contextual Mistake in JAMB's Tweet

Access vs Assess: A Contextual Mistake in JAMB's Tweet

If the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB), an examination body, doesn't know the difference between “access” and “assess”, then the Use of English results of its candidates can't be 100% correct.

However, in the English world, no one is immune from making errors. Even if you're an English language major, you're still subject to grammatical and contextual mistakes in your writing. There are two types of errors: error of ignorance and error of carelessness.

In this case, JAMB has made a contextual mistake because “accessing” should be used instead of “assessing” except JAMB is talking about candidates' inability to evaluate their results. But before you evaluate/assess your result, you must first access it through any available means. So, what type of error do you think the examination body has committed?
Access vs Assess: A Contextual Mistake in JAMB's Tweet
To know the difference between ACCESS and ASSESS, check the screenshots below. In the screenshots below, these words are used as verbs.

Nwobu Emeka Johnbosco at the 2019 Philippines Art Fair

Nwobu Emeka Johnbosco at the 2019 Philippines Art Fair

The 2019 Philippines Art Fair, held at Glorietta, Makati, Philippines, had different talented artists in attendance. One of such talented artists is Nwobu Emeka Johnbosco, also known as Donbosco, the first black man to exhibit his artworks in the Philippines. See photos below.
Nwobu Emeka Johnbosco at the 2019 Philippines Art Fair

Onnoghen Vs. Code of Conduct Tribunal: Was The Court of Appeal Right?

Onnoghen Vs. Code of Conduct Tribunal: Was The Court of Appeal Right?

Onnoghen Vs. Code of Conduct Tribunal: Was The Court of Appeal Right?

The Court of Appeal on Wednesday, May 8th 2019 gave a ruling on the appeal filed by former CJN, Walter Onnoghen, challenging the legality of the Ex parte order given by the CCT to effect his suspension. While delivering its ruling, the Court of Appeal faulted the ex parte order and the process it was obtained, maintaining that it affects the right of fair hearing of Onnoghen. In holding this beautiful position, one expected the court to flow with the fair hearing principles and make consequential orders. But the Court committed what a witty lawyer would call "judicial summersault" by abstaining to consider the implication of the said position, canvassing that it would not consider the merit of the case since the CCT has completed the trial process and found him guilty. The Court therefore dismissed the appeal on that note.

This, to me, is the first judicial wonder of the century! Call it a travesty of justice and I will tell you that would be an understatement.

The Court of Appeal committed a grave error when it failed to address the issue before it. There is no relationship between the ex CJN’s suspension and his conviction. These are two different issues that require different rules and principles.

The current CJN is occupying a position that was necessitated by unlawful means based on the finding of the court and so, the Court should have voided the process that brought Tanko to office having found that it breached the ex CJN’s right to fair hearing. Macfoy v UAC (1962) AC 158 is a trite law that you cannot build something on nothing.

If the Exparte Order was unlawfully obtained according to the Court, on what ground is the appointment of Justice Tanko based?

Any Judgment or ruling based on a breach of the Constitution will not be allowed to stand on appeal. This is a trite law. I then ask again, on what ground is the Exparte Order allowed to stand?

How can it be explained that the ground upon which the breach of the ex CJN’s right to fair hearing cannot be entertained, is that he has been convicted? Is conviction a condition to decline jurisdiction or to dismiss a fundamental right case?

There is no law to my knowledge that says the Exparte Order can only be appealed during the pendency of the trial for it to be heard? Onnoghen's conviction is beyond whether or not the CJN can be removed from office by an Exparte Order. It’s a fundamental issue that requires a decision on merit. It has little or nothing to do with the ex CJN.

Is the Court of Appeal trying to say his rights can be overtaken by his conviction? Do we take this as ruling that conviction extinguishes the right to appeal against a breach of fundamental right or that conviction robs the Court the right to hear a breach of fundamental rights?

If the last hope of the common man is with the judiciary, it's time the judiciary rose beyond partisanship and favouritism to take its place. Injustice to one is injustice to all!

© Barr. Itsede K. Okhai
A Few Things You Should Know About Loom Ponzi Scheme

A Few Things You Should Know About Loom Ponzi Scheme

A Few Things You Should Know About Loom Ponzi Scheme

Most Nigerians, especially those on social media, have totally embraced LOOM, the latest ponzi scheme in town, despite the bitter experience they had with various Ponzi schemes in the past. When Mavrodi Mundial Moneybox (MMM) crashed in December 2016, many who lost their investments in the scheme vowed never to get involved in any form of ponzi scheme again. However, today, it is a case of a dog going back to his vomit as it appears that most Nigerians have rescinded their vows and are fully into Loom. 

Whether we like or not, a ponzi scheme remains a ponzi scheme regardless of the name it is clad with. Ponzi schemes share something in common – the early birds benefit whereas the latecomers become victims. This is something you should know. But if you still insist on investing in LOOM, below are a few things you should note.

How Does Loom Work?
1. Loom was first reported in the UK by an Australian media, ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) as a scam after it had gone viral in Australia.

2. With thousands of active members, Loom is now the latest ponzi scheme in Nigeria.

3. The first step of the process is being invited to join a WhatsApp group chat, usually by a friend or relative. Then you are asked to ‘invest’ N1,000, N2,000 or N13,000 with a promise that you will make eight times the amount once you recruit new entrants.

4. After you have paid in the money, you are asked to invite at least one person to join the system.

5. There are four levels in Loom Nigeria: Purple, Blue, Orange and Red.

6. Each time eight people join the loom, the person in the centre (Red) will get the target amount and leave the group.

7. The loom will then split into two groups. The top half and the bottom half become the new looms, and everyone moves into the next level (Purple Level – into Blue Level – into Orange Level). And the cycle begins again.

8. The more people you manage to add to the cycle, the quicker the movement of it, and the easier it will be for you to make your chunk of ‘easy money’.

9. The basics are that you get eight times the amount you invest. If you invest N1,000, you get N8,000; if you invest N2,000, you get N16,000; and if you invest N13,000, you will get N104,000.

Although most social media platforms are inundated with positive testimonies about the scheme, you still have to tread with caution if you must invest. Your experience with MMM, Ultimate Cycler or other ponzi schemes in 2016 should be your best teacher. Before you LOOM, be sure you can pull yourself together in case you get DOOMed.
Airtel DataPlus: Get 1GB + N2000 for N1000

Airtel DataPlus: Get 1GB + N2000 for N1000

Airtel DataPlus: Get 1GB + N2000 for N1000
Airtel DataPlus is a new package from the swift network (Airtel). This offer gives you extra free airtime when you buy a data bundle. It is built specifically for those who prefer cheap airtime to cheap data. Check the price list below.

1. N300 gives you 200MB + N600.

2. N500 gives you 500MB + N1000.

3. N1000 gives you 1GB + N2000 (valid for 14 days).

4. N2000 gives you 3GB + N4000 (30 days validity period).

5. N5000 gives you 7.5GB + N10000 (valid for 30 days).

6. N10000 gives you 17.5GB + N20000 (valid for 90 days).

How Can I Subscribe to Airtel DataPlus?
Dial *154*2#, and choose your preferred plan. 
Biology: Third Term's Scheme of Work for SSS 1 and 2

Biology: Third Term's Scheme of Work for SSS 1 and 2

Biology: Third Term's Scheme of Work for SSS 1 and 2

Biology: Third Term's Scheme of Work for SSS 1

i. Energy Loss in Ecosystem
ii. Laws of Thermodynamics
iii. Application of Law of Thermodynamics to Ecological Phenomenon
iv. Food Chain

i. Classification of Plants
ii. Botanical Classification, e.g., Algae, Spermatophyte etc.
iii. Agricultural Classification, e.g., Fibre Plant, Non-fibre Plant.
iv. Classification Based on Life Cycle, e.g., Annual, Biennial and Perennials.

i. Effect of Bush Burning
ii. Effect of Different Types of Farming Methods on Ecosystem

i. Definition and Types of Pests
ii. Life Cycle of Pests
iii. Control of Pests
iv. Disease – Types of Diseases

i. Role of Food in Agricultural Production
ii. Factors Affecting Production and Storage
iii. Ways of Improving Crop Yield
iv. Cause of Wastage
v. Methods of Preserving and Storing Food

i. Relationship between Availability of Food and Human Population
ii. Effects of Food Shortage
iii. Government's Effort to Increase Food Production, e.g., Agricultural Resolution

i. Classification, e.g., Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa
ii. Carriers, e.g., Vectors and Transmitting Organisms
iii. Beneficial Effects and Harmful Effects
iv. Growth of Microorganisms
v. Control and Prevention of Microorganism Disease (Public Health)

i. Definition
ii. Types of Aquatic Habitat
iii. Aquatic Organism and Its Adaptive Features
iv. Characteristics of Aquatic Habitat
v. Food Chain and Food Web in Aquatic Habitat

i. Definition
ii. Types of Terrestrial Habitat
iii. Terrestrial Organisms and Their Adaptive Features
iv. Characteristics of Terrestrial Habitat
v. Food Chain and Food Web in Terrestrial Habitat

i. Classification of Plants into Seed Bearing and Non Seed Bearing
ii. Classification of Plants into Cereals and Legumes
iii. Classification into Root Crops, Vegetables, Fruits, Beverage and Drug, Oil Latex (Fibre)

i. Types of Digestive System (Alimentary Canal)
ii. Description and Functions of the Parts of Alimentary Tract
iii. Diagram of Digestive Tract of Different Groups of Organisms

Week 12/13: Revision/Examination

Biology: Third Term's Scheme of Work for SSS 2

i. The Endocrine Glands and Its Hormones
ii. Functions of the Endocrine Glands
iii. Effect of Under-secretion or Over-secretion of Endocrine Hormones

Week 2: THE SKIN
i. Structure of the Mammalian Skin
ii. Functions of the Mammalian Skin
iii. Care of the Mammalian Skin

i. Organisation of the Nervous System
ii. The Central Nervous System (CNS)
iii. Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)

i. The Position, Structure and Function of the Brain
ii. The Position, Structure and Function of the Spinal Cord

i. The Flow Chart Representing the Different Parts of the PNS
ii. The Somatic NS
iii. The Autonomic NS
iv. The Sympathetic NS and Parasympathetic NS

i. Types of Neuron (Motor, Sensory and Relay)
ii. Structure of a Neuron
iii. Transportation of Nerve Impulse
iv. Reflex Actions, Voluntary Actions
v. Pavlov Experiment on Dog, Food and Bell

i. Organ of Smell
ii. Mechanism of Smelling with the Help of Olfactory Chemoreceptor
iii. Adaptation for Survival

i. Organ of Sight (Eye) and Its Parts
ii. Functions of the Different Parts of the Eyes.
iii. The Role of the Eyes in Image Formation and Accommodation
iv. Eye Defects: Myopia, Hypermetropia, Presbyopia, Astigmatism
v. Eye Problem/Diseases: Cataract, Night Blindness, Colour Blindness etc.

A. Succession
i. Meaning of Succession
ii. Structural Change in Species Composition, Variety and Increase in Number
iii. Primary Succession in an Aquatic Habitat
iv. Secondary Succession: Meaning and Examples
v. Characteristics of a Stable Community

B. Overcrowding
i. Population Density Studies and Available Resources
ii. Importance of Factors Affecting Population Space

i. Relationship between Competition and Succession
ii. Factors That Cause Overcrowding
iii. Ways of Avoiding Overcrowding
iv. Effect of Food Shortage: Competition, Reproduction, Emigration Rate

i. Factors Affecting Population – Biotic, Abiotic
ii. Dynamic Equilibrium in Nature
iii. Factors That Maintain Dynamic Equilibrium such as Availability of Food, Natural Disaster
iv. Family Planning
– Natural and Artificial Methods of Population Control (Sex Education)

Week 12/13: Revision/Examination