Blog Posts

How To Get Free 800MB on Gidimo App

Gidimo, a mobile learning platform aimed at bringing education to all in Africa, is currently dishing out free megabytes to its new users, specifically those on the MTN network. This is good news to MTN users who have not registered on the platform. However, existing users can be beneficiaries of this giveaway if they sign up with a different MTN number and name. 
How To Get Free 800MB on Gidimo App

As a mobile learning platform, Gidimo enables you to develop yourself anytime, anywhere, with courses for students, entrepreneurs, professionals, and vocational workers. With Gidimo, you get 50MB when you sign up, 100MB when you download the app on Google play store and 400MB when you invite a friend using your invite link.

How to Get Free 800MB on Gidimo App

1. Click HERE to get started.

2. Register and verify your phone number. Once this is done, you will receive your first 50MB.

3. Download the app on play store.

4. Log in with your registered phone number and password, and you’ll receive 100MB.

5. If you refer a friend with your invite link, you will receive 400MB.

6. Dial *460*260# to check your data balance.

Getting up to 800MB or more depends on the number of persons you can invite to use the app.

Why Would a Pastor Acquire a Private Jet When There Are Poor People in His Church?

The earlier we understand that the church is not the reason citizens are poor, the better for us all. Failed political leadership is the major cause of poverty in the land. But for the church, the level of poverty in the land would be unfathomable.

"Why would a pastor acquire a private jet when there are poor people in his church" is a short-minded question which doesn't deserve an answer. A pastor doesn't just wake up to acquire a jet if there is no need for it. A pastor who needs to preach in different countries in a day and has over 100 countries in the world to traverse within few days will definitely want to make his life easy by getting whatever help necessary. To you, it's a luxury and to him, it's a necessity. And whether it's a luxury or necessity is a definition of your state in life. 
Why Would a Pastor Acquire a Private Jet When There Are Poor People in His Church?

Asking why he needs to get a private jet where there are commercial planes is like asking why anyone needs to get a private car when there are public transport vehicles. Each is to one's level and state in life.

Apostle Suleman got a private jet because he needs it for his Ministry. If there is one pastor I personally know to have empowered his members, Suleman comes to mind. Those who worship in his church would even wonder where the money for these empowerments comes from because of his consistency. At the last count, he has built and donated about 150 houses to his poor church members. The record has lost count on the number of cars he has given out. The scholarship schemes and other empowerment funds are unmatchable. I really doubt if offerings and tithes could actually fund all these and also fund the massive church projects.

Some of these pastors are not depending on proceeds from church. They have their chain of businesses with independent returns and income. These people are humans and they need to make lives easy for themselves too.

When there is poverty in the land, hold the government responsible. If it's even possible that the pastors are contributors, still hold the government responsible because every working government would regulate the affairs of all citizens for the overall good of the society.

If you, in your little capacity, cannot boast of any human you have ever pushed forward, you lack the moral turpitude to query what anyone does with his or her money as long as he didn't steal from you. Let the church be. Let Suleman be. If you're not comfortable with how these pastors run churches as Christians, create your own church and let us cite you as a better example. Even if God didn't call you, he won't be angry that you are helping his people.

And if you're not a Christian, just shut up!

© Barr. Itsede K. Okhai

The Difference between "I am Nigerian” and “I am a Nigerian”

Is there any difference between “I am Nigerian” and “I am a Nigerian”? The answer is YES. Something tells me some persons are still wondering whether these statements are correct or not. Well, both statements are very correct! But this scanty answer can't serve as a best answer. You should be told why both statements are correct.
The Difference between "I am Nigerian” and “I am a Nigerian”

“Nigerian” in “I am Nigerian” is functioning as an adjective, a predicative adjective to be precise.  It simply means you are everything Nigeria represents.

On the other hand, “Nigerian” in “I am a Nigerian” is functioning as a noun. And it simply means you are a Nigerian citizen or a person of Nigerian origin.

Therefore, you can use either of them depending on what you have in mind or the message you want to pass across.

Number Base 2: Multiplication of Numbers in Base 2

In this tutorial, we shall look at:

I. The multiplication of numbers in base two numerals.

II. Quantitative reasoning involving problems related to conversion and application of numbers in base two numbers.

III. The conversion of base ten numerals to binary numbers.
Number Base 2: Multiplication of Numbers in Base 2
By the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:

I. Multiply numbers in base two numerals.

II. Expand numbers expressed in base 2.

III. Solve quantitative reasoning involving problems related to conversion and application of numbers in base two numerals.

IV. Convert base two numbers to base ten, and vice versa.

V. Convert from one base to another.

Get the complete tutorials here.
Number Base – A counting number system.

Base ten – The most common way of counting in tens (10s) or power of 10.

Base two – Counting in twos (2s).

Binary Number – A base two number.

Decimal number – A base ten number.

Nwobu Emeka Johnbosco Attends the Solo Exhibition of Choco Jerome at PASEO Gallery, Philippines

The Anambra-born and first Nigerian artist to exhibit his artworks in the Philippines, Nwobu Emeka Johnbosco, was among those who graced the solo exhibition of Choco Jerome at the PASEO Gallery, Philippines.
Nwobu Emeka Johnbosco Attends the Solo Exhibition of Choco Jerome at PASEO Gallery, Philippines
Choco Jerome, who is an artist and a friend of Johnbosco, could not fight the gentle touch of joy as he saw is black friend and other Philippine artists interact and eulogise his artworks. It was a feast of artists. See more photos below.

Nwobu Emeka Johnbosco in a Photo with the MD/CEO of Pinto Museum, Dr Joven Cuanang

As magnets attract fellow magnets and, by extension, other metals, so successful men attract their kind and other people around. This is the case of Nwobu Emeka Johnbosco, the first black man to exhibit his artworks in the Philippines. Johnbosco, whose success in his artistic career has been a resounding echo in the ears of fellow artists (home and abroad) since his groundbreaking exhibition in the Philippines early this year, has won the hearts of great men in the real world and in the world of arts in which Dr Joven Cuanang is an important figure.
Nwobu Emeka Johnbosco in a Photo with the MD/CEO of Pinto Museum, Dr Joven Cuanang
Johnbosco can be seen with the MD/CEO of Pinto Museum, Dr Joven Cuanang, who invited him to grace an exhibition in Pinto Museum in the Philippines. It was indeed a meeting of CEOs. Nwobu Emeka Johnbosco is the CEO of Donbosco Multimedia Arts. See more photos below.

Oral English: Easy Ways to Pronounce the 24 English Consonants and 20 English Vowels

I will make this lesson as simple as possible for the benefit of all because I understand the level of difficulty encountered by second learners of English as regards English phonetics. By the end of lesson, English learners should be able to:

i. Define a consonant sound.

ii. Define a vowel sound.

iii. Distinguish consonants from vowels.

iv. Pronounce the forty-four English phonemes (or sounds) and give corresponding examples.

v. Transcribe at least simple English words such as come, go, stay, about, driver, agree, etc.

Oral English: Easy Way to Pronounce the 24 English Consonants and 20 English Vowels
The English Language has forty-four phonemes (or sounds) which are comprised of twenty-four consonants and twenty vowels.

What Are Consonant Sounds?
In simple terms, consonant sounds are sounds that are produced with the obstruction of airflow in the speech tract. In other words, the airstream is blocked or passed with some friction during the articulation of consonant sounds. You will understand this better when start pronouncing the consonant sounds. We have twenty-four consonant sounds in English: /p, b, t, d, k, g, m, n, ŋ, f, v, θ, ð, s, z, ʃ, ʒ, l, w, r, j, h, tʃ, dʒ/.

Classification of Consonant Sounds 
In classifying or describing consonant sounds, we look at three things:
·         Place of Articulation
·         Manner of Articulation
·         State of the Glottis

1. Place of Articulation; that is, the organs of speech responsible for the production of each sound. The places of articulation are eight in number:

a. Bilabials
These are consonant sounds produced with the upper lip and lower lip: /p, b, m, w/. In other words, during the articulation of these sounds, the upper lip and lower lip come in contact with each other.

b. Labiodentals 
As the name implies, labiodentals are consonant sounds articulated with the lower lip and upper teeth: /f/ and /v/.

c. Dentals 
This involves the tip of the tongue coming in light contact with the upper incisor. /θ/ and /ð/ are dentals or dental consonants.

d. Alveolar
The alveolar consonants are produced when the tip of the tongue touches the alveolar ridge. They are seven in number: /t, d, s, z, n, l, r/.

e. Palato-Alveolar
Articulated with the blade or tip of the tongue approaching or touching the alveolar ridge and the main body of the tongue near the hard palate: /ʃ, ʒ, tʃ, dʒ/.

f. Palatal 
The /j/ sound is a palatal consonant, and it is produced with the blade of the tongue held close to or touching the hard palate.

g. Velar 
Velar consonants are articulated with the back of the tongue held close to or touching the soft palate (velum): /k, g, ŋ/.

h. Glottal 
This sound is produced when the air which passes through an open glottis escapes through the mouth: /h/.

2. Manner of Articulation 
Consonant sounds are also classified according to their manners of articulation. The manner of articulation is the way the airstream is affected as it flows from the lungs and out of the nose and mouth. Below are six different manners of articulation in English that distinguish one consonant sound from another:

a. Plosives
These are sounds produced from sudden opening of a previously closed oral passage. The plosives are /p, b, t, d, k, g/. Three things happen during the production of these sounds:

i. There is a complete closure of the oral passage or vocal tract as a result of the inevitable contact of the articulators, holding back the air pressure. For example, when producing the sound /p/, the articulators (the upper lip and lower lip) must first come in contact with each other. 

ii. During this inevitable marriage, the air pressure builds up behind the closure. 

iii. Then, there is sudden release of the closure, and the blocked air puffs out with an explosive sound.

b. Affricates
Affricates consist of plosives and fricatives; thus, they share something in common with plosives. Like plosives, before the affricates are released, there is a complete closure of the mouth behind which air pressure builds up. However, to release these sounds (affricates), the articulators gradually and slowly separate unlike that of plosives. The affricates are /tʃ/ and /dʒ/.

c. Nasals 
In producing the nasals, the oral passage is closed, and the soft palate is lowered in order to allow air escape through the nose. The nasals are three in number: /m, n, ŋ/.

d. Lateral 
The /l/ sound is a lateral consonant. During its production, the tip of tongue touches the alveolar ridge with a partial closure of the mouth in order to let the air escape through either or both sides of the tongue.

e. Fricatives 
Fricatives are sounds produced with the narrowing of two articulators in such a way that the airstream passes through them with obstruction. The fricatives are /f, v, θ, ð, s, z, ʃ, ʒ, h/.

f. Approximants 
In producing an approximant, two articulators “approach each other but do not get sufficiently close to produce a “complete” consonant such as a plosive, nasal or fricative” (Roach 2000, p. 62). That is why approximants are also called semivowels. The approximants are /r, w, j/.

3. State of the Glottis 
This has to do with the state or condition of the vocal cords when sounds are produced. The vocal cords sometimes vibrate and at other times remain still depending on the type of consonant that is being produced. When the vocal cords vibrate, the consonant sounds produced are said to be voiced. But when there is no vibration, the consonant sounds are said to be voiceless. Therefore, under state of the glottis, consonant sounds are classified according to whether they are voiceless or voiced. The voiceless consonants are /p, t, k, tʃ, f, θ, s, h, ʃ/. The voiced consonants are /b, d, g, dʒ, r, w, l, v, ð, z, ʒ, m, n, ŋ, j/.

Based on the above classification, each of the twenty-four English consonants can be described as:

/p/     voiceless bilabial plosive
/b/     voiced bilabial plosive
/t/      voiceless alveolar plosive
/d/     voiced alveolar plosive
/k/      voiceless velar plosive
/g/     voiced velar plosive
/f/      voiceless labiodental fricative
/v/      voiced labiodental fricative
/θ/     voiceless dental fricative
/ð/     voiced dental fricative
/s/      voiceless alveolar fricative
/z/      voiced alveolar fricative
/ʃ/     voiceless palato-alveolar fricative
/ʒ/      voiced palato-alveolar fricative
/h/     glottal fricative
/tʃ/    voiceless palato-alveolar affricate
/dʒ/    voiced palato-alveolar affricate
/m/     voiced bilabial nasal
/n/     voiced alveolar nasal
/ŋ/     voiced velar nasal
/l/      voiced alveolar lateral
/r/      voiced palato-alveolar approximant
/j/      voiced palatal approximant
/w/     voiced bilabial approximant

How to Pronounce the Twenty-four English Consonants 
This is not a video tutorial where you can hear the actual pronunciation of a given phonetic symbol. In this case, you have to work out your salvation with fear and trembling although I will make it easy for you by using a technique known as the recurring technique. To get the actual pronunciation of a given phonetic symbol, I will give three word examples against a given phonetic symbol. These examples have a recurring sound in them. This recurring sound is the actual pronunciation of that given phonetic symbol. To make it easier, I will underline the letter(s) or syllable that carries the actual sound of the given phonetic symbol. Therefore, you have to listen to yourself as you pronounce the words against each of the twenty-four English consonants presented below:

/p/     people, ripple, rope
/b/     book, ribbon, rob
/t/      talk, rattle, voiced
/d/     dig, riddle, read
/k/      kettle, racket, talk
/g/     girl, nougat, dig
/f/      physical, ruffle, rough
/v/      voice, revise, love

The /θ/ sound is that sound that compels you to bring the tip of your tongue almost in between your upper teeth and lower teeth in order to sound posh. Lol! It is found in most 'th' words. Some word examples with this sound are through, truthful, breath etc.

This sound is almost pronounced as /d/. It is found in 'th' words where the 'th' does not compel you to bring the tip of your tongue almost in between your upper teeth and lower teeth. Some word examples with this sound are father, them, breathethey, the, then etc.

/s/      steal, reset, price
/z/      zip, razor, eyes
/ʃ/     shoe, sugar, parachute

/ʒ/      massage, vision, pleasure
To make this sound, you have to first practise the /ʃ/ sound, then use the voice to pronounce /ʒ/.

/h/     history, high, house
/tʃ/    teachchurchchick
/dʒ/    George, digit, lodge
/m/     man, comb, mammal
/n/     neck, nine, sin
/ŋ/     thank, sing, morning
/l/      luck, plight, kettle
/w/     once, warm, wow
/r/      reign, drain, river
/j/      year, stupid, use

What Are Vowel Sounds?
Vowels are sounds produced without the obstruction of airflow in the speech tract. The English language has twenty vowels: /ɪ, iː, e, æ, a:, ɒ, ɔː, ʊ, u:, ʌ, ɜː, ə, ɪə, eə, ʊə, eɪ, aɪ, ɔɪ, əʊ, aʊ/. These twenty vowels consist of twelve monophthongs or pure vowels /ɪ, iː, e, æ, a:, ɒ, ɔː, ʊ, u:, ʌ, ɜː, ə/ and eight diphthongs /ɪə, eə, ʊə, eɪ, aɪ, ɔɪ, əʊ, aʊ/.

The twelve monophthongs (or pure vowels) are further divided into seven short vowels and five long vowels. The short vowels are /ɪ, e, æ, ɒ, ʊ, ʌ, ə/ whereas the long vowels are /iː, a:, ɔː, u:, ɜː/.

On the other hand, the diphthongs are divided into two: centring diphthongs and closing diphthongs. The centring diphthongs glide towards the ə (schwa) vowel: /ɪə, eə, ʊə/. The diphthongs ending in ɪ /eɪ, aɪ, ɔɪ/ and those ending in ʊ /əʊ, aʊ/ constitute the closing diphthongs.

How to Pronounce the Twenty English Vowels
Hope you remember the five vowels of the English alphabet (a, e, i, o, u)? The
/ɪ/ sound, which is a short vowel, is pronounced exactly as the i in the five vowels of the English alphabet. It is present in words such as sit, bit, live, chip etc.

This is the elder sibling of the /ɪ/ sound. But for its length, it is similar to the /ɪ/ sound. In other words, the /i:/ sound is the long version of the /ɪ/ sound. You have it in words such as seat, beat, leave, cheap, see, sea, be, people, quay, chief, piece, receive, key etc.

/e/    bed, left, dead
It is pronounced as the e in the five vowels of the English alphabet.

Open your mouth widely and pronounce /æ/ in words such as man, cat, hand, black, bat, plaid, plait etc.

This is the long version of /æ/. Pronounce this sound the way you pronounce ah. It is present in words such as pass, staff, cart, heart, car, laugh, clerk, sergeant, calm, ah etc.

Pronounce this sound the same way the o in the five vowels of the English alphabet is pronounced. The /ɒ/ sound is present in words such as off, dog, cough, quantity, lorry, want etc.

The /ɔː/ sound is the long version of the /ɒ/ sound. This sound is pronounced ‘or. Some examples of words with this sound are broad, soar, roar, before, brought, four, saw, war, salt etc.

Pronounce this sound the way you pronounce the oo in 'book,' the o in 'woman,' the ou in 'could,' the u in 'put,' etc.

This is the long version of /ʊ/. Pronounce the /u:/ sound the way you pronounce the  ew in chew, the ou in group, the oe in shoe, the u in rude, the oo in soon, the ue in sue, the ui in suit, wo in two etc.

It is a short vowel and is pronounced uh. It is somewhat similar to the /æ/ sound, but relaxed. When pronouncing this sound, your tongue should rest in the middle of your mouth. The jaw is kept in a neutral position, and the lips are relaxed. It is the o sound in come, the u sound in cut, the ou sound in country, the oo sound in blood.

This sound is pronounced err, as in “To err is human; to forgive is divine.” It is the ear sound in early, the er sound in person, the ur sound in church, the ir sound in bird, the yr sound in myrtle, the our sound in journey, the or sound in word.

This is the schwa. It is usually weak and is known as the central vowel. It is the weak form of all the vowel sounds. The /ə/ sound is similar to the /ʌ/, but unlike the /ʌ/ sound, it usually unstressed. Word examples: allow, about, extra, beggar, mother etc.

Pronounce this sound the way you pronounce ear. Word examples: beer, near, weird, tier, mere, here, etc.

/eə/ – air
Word examples: air, fair, scarce, care, heir, where, there, bear etc.

The /ʊə/ sound begins from the /ʊ/ sound and end in the central vowel /ə/. So, you should have the /ʊ/ and /ə/ sounds in mind when pronouncing the /ʊə/ sounds. Word examples: poor, moor, tour, rural, manual, pure, sewer etc.

Pronounce this sound the way you pronounce the letter 'A'. Word examples: pay, make, great, eight, grey etc.

/aɪ/ – eye
Word examples: eye, height, time, die, buy, cry, bye etc.

/ɔɪ/ – oi
Word examples: boy, noise, coil, annoy etc.

/əʊ/ – o
Word examples: go, boat, rose, hoe, soul, foe, sow, etc.

/aʊ/ – ow
Word examples: how, loud, tout, blouse, cow etc.

Another English sounds of vowel type are the triphthongs. A triphthong “is a glide from one vowel to another and then to a third, all produced rapidly and without interaction” (Roach 2000, p. 24). Triphthongs are made up of the closing diphthongs and the central vowel ə (schwa). They are five in number:

·          + ə = aɪə, as in fire /faɪə/
·          + ə = eɪə, as in player /pleɪə/
·         ɔɪ + ə = ɔɪə, as in royal /rɔɪəl/
·         əʊ + ə = əʊə, as in lower /ləʊə/
·          + ə = aʊə, as in hour /aʊə/

Definition of Some Words
Monophthong – A vowel retaining same quality throughout its duration.
Diphthong – A vowel sound that begins with the sound of one vowel and ends with the sound of another vowel.

This lesson has been simplified to benefit all English learners as regards phonetics, at least the basics. However, if you find it difficult to pronounce any of the forty-four phonemes (or sounds), don't hesitate to chat with me on Whatsapp (+2348035232017).