## NYSC: Date for 2018 Batch 'A' POP Announced

This is to inform the 2018 batch 'A' corps members and the general public that the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) has approved March 14, 2019 as the date for the 'passing out' of 2018 batch 'A' corps members from national service. The exercise is to be low key, and the certificates of national service are to be distributed to deserving corps members at the Local Government level.
Below is the approved order of activities for the 2018 batch 'A' POP.

1. Tuesday, 12th – Wednesday, 13th March, 2019.
a) Registration of Passing-out Corps members and signing of their final clearance by Zonal Inspectors (ZI).

b) Administration of Questionnaires (form 48) on 30% of the Passing-out Corps members.

2. Thursday, 14th March, 2019: Distribution of certificates of National Service to deserving Corps members at Local Government level.

3. State coordinators are to ensure that large congregation of Corps members is avoided at the Zonal/Local Government offices during the above passing-out activities.

4. I wish you a very successful and hitch free passing-out activities.

5. Thank you

Click on the image for clearer view.

## Estimation: Definition and How to Estimate in Maths

In this tutorial, we shall:
1. Estimate the dimension and distance within a school.

2. Estimate the objects.

3. Estimate the statistics of people, e.g., Height.

4. Solve problems in quantitative reasoning in estimation.
Objectives
By the end of the lesson, you should be able to:

i. Define estimation and other keywords.

ii. Round off numbers to a required significant figure and to the nearest 10, 100, tens, etc.

iii. Use rounded values to estimate the outcome of values.

iv. Estimate the dimension and distance within places.

v. Estimate the statistics of people, e.g., Height.

vi. Solve problems on quantitative reasoning in estimation.

Get the complete tutorial here.
Keywords
1. Estimate
This simply means to find a rough or an approximate value.

2. False accuracy
This is when a value is more accurate than it should be.

3. Approximation
This is the process of using rounded values when presenting numerical data and making rough calculations.

4. Significant figure(s)
Counted from the first non-zero digit at the left of the number.

5. Rounding off
This simply means to find an approximated value for a number.

## 5 Simple Language Learning Strategies Guaranteed To Help You

If you are one who is interested in learning new languages without getting freaked out by the difficulties faced in the language learning process, then you are at the right place!

You may have observed that someone around you has mastered common Spanish words in a couple of weeks and someone has taken several months only to talk under breath ‘Buenos dÃ­as’ or ‘Hola’. Making clever choices and using the right strategies can make your journey of learning a new language a lot easier and definitely enjoyable.

Here you will find five simple language learning strategies that will help you to overcome your struggles with learning a language and make it super fun for you.

1. Keep Your Self-Motivation High
Self-motivation is essential for learning a new language. In other words, self-motivation is the key to learn anything new.Source of motivation for learning a language can be anything like your dream to get admission in a foreign university, your wish to communicate with your friend in his/her native language or whatsoever.

You can make your motivation stronger by associating it with your hobbies. If you are into listening to songs or reading books than listen or read in the language you are learning.

2. Set Realistic Goals
Setting realistic and achievable short term goals is also crucial to be successful in learning a new language. Make it clear in your mind what you want to learn and make realistic decisions about how much time you can give to your language learning process on a daily basis. Afterwards, stick to your decision!

Set goals of learning a few words or phrases on a daily basis. Give yourself a task to watch a movie or read a small article once a week in that particular language which you want to learn and try to comprehend it. If you really want to learn a language, then be your guard yourself.  Ensure that you exert all your energy to master and honestly fulfil the daily tasks regularly.

3. Learn To Pronounce Words Correctly
Many people fail in the language learning process because they do not focus on pronunciation. They want to learn a new language but are not ready to listen. In order to speak in a new language, you need to learn how words sound. If you wish to speak commonly used words more like a native speaker, then you should first pay attention to the pronunciation of these words. You can listen to the pronunciation of various words or phrases online.

If you are watching a movie, pay close attention to what is being said. While listening to the songs, you may actively listen to the lyrics in order to improve your speaking skills.

4. Focus on What’s Most Useful for You
To make your learning process more successful, identify what is the purpose and why you want to learn a new language. For example, if you want to communicate with your Spanish friend, then you only need to learn common words or phrases. In such a case, there is no need to learn the technical side of the language.

But if you want to read an academic book or article, you can have an in-depth knowledge of the language which needs a lot more effort and practice.

5. Take out Time To Practice
Taking out time to practice a language seems more like a chore but you can make it more fun by communicating with a native speaker over social media. You can participate in online challenges to check your progress in a new language or send texts to your friends using the newly learned words.

Lara Smith has worked for Wall Street English for 20 years. After studying at Stanford University and subsequently doing a CELTA course, she began her career in teaching. She is obsessed with languages and currently writes blogs at https://www.mimicmethod.com/.

## Advantages and Disadvantages of Staying in School Hostels

The halls of residence, popularly known as the school hostels, are an integral part of the academic environment today. Being a lasting section of the infrastructural design of campuses, hostels hold major influences (both positive and negative) for students who occupy them as well as for those who choose to live off campus. The interesting part of the accommodation subject as regards the hostel is that regardless of the choice of occupancy area made by students, these influences abound and no student can successfully dissociate himself or herself from the benefits and the ills of residing in the halls or not. Certain notable merits and demerits of hostel occupancy stand out among others.
Advantages of Staying in School Hostels

1. Affordability
Hostel accommodation happens to be a lot cheaper than the cost of renting an apartment off campus, ranging from single rooms to self contain apartments which are usually associated with students. Students who stay in hostels save more money in this regard compared to others who live off campus.

2. Nearness to Academic Facilities
In the event of urgent calls coming through or impromptu lectures, tests or examinations that may be conducted, the hostel occupants always arrive first. They never miss out because they, more or less, reside in the heart of the institution and are only a stone’s throw away from the lecture halls, department and faculty blocks, etc. Whereas those who live off campus would need more time to put themselves together and begin their journey to the campus, the hostelers arrive at the designated point and right on or in time.

3. Urgent Information
Information spreads like wildfire within the hostels. With only a shout from one student, the collective attention of hundreds of students who live in the hostel is automatically arrested, and they heed to what he or she has to say or the information that has been brought. Even information that comes in the nick of time gets to all students around the area. All memos that emerge from the management of the institution also begin their physical tour from the hostels except those passed via online media. On the other hand, students who stay off campus may get information quite late and are almost always at the mercy of hostelers as they rely on them for sensitive information.

4. Security
It is no doubt that the halls of residence are safer for students’ welfare as opposed to staying off campus where students are exposed to strangers, community hoodlums and a lot of other dangerous issues. The school is usually responsible for the safety of students who live within the campus premises, and security agents are always on guard.

The school clinic or health centre is always located within the campus. Hostelers, in cases of emergency, can easily get good medical care and on time. They do not have to suffer time challenges, and the chances of the occurrence of irreparable damages are very slim.

6. Engenders Communal Culture of Living
Living in the school hostel makes students cultivate the lifestyle of communality which is inherently African and distinguishes us from the European culture of individuality, reshaping their psyche towards the achievement of the common good. Eventually, the same people who were once total strangers to one another become family and even elect a leader. They become an established community, doing things together: reading, sports, community service, etc.

The hostel is a ready market for the achievement of goals, be it academics, business, politics, recreational activities and others. In the hostel, for any course or movement, you find the manpower, the support, the publicity and the platform for it.

Disadvantages of Staying in School Hostels

1. Higher Cost of Living
The cost of living in the hostel is higher compared to that of living off campus. This situation is even worse in institutions where cooking is prohibited in the halls of residence. The average student has to spend a minimum of N1000 daily if he or she desires to have a considerably good three square course meal. The student who lives off campus can stock the apartment for certain amount and cook meals at home. This system is cheaper than daily food buying in the hostel.

2. Congestion
The halls of residence are always congested as hundreds of students live in it, with a considerably high number of 4 to 8 in each room, except in few cases of more modernized facilities that are built to accommodate two persons. Congestion takes away comfort and ease and no human being thrives in such environment.

3. Health Hazards
As an offshoot of the congestion challenge, occupants are exposed to several health hazards which, in extreme cases, could eventually lead to death. Epidemics can easily spread in the halls of residence, and dangerous illnesses can be contracted.

4. Poor Sanitary Conditions
The average hostel is not neat, from the floors to the rooms and to the lavatory. Despite efforts put in to keep it clean, the hostel never remains neat because it is a communal property. The average student would not spend time cleaning up the hostel environment without a reward offered for it. The student who lives off campus is usually more committed to keeping the environment clean and enjoys neat surroundings.

5. Negative Influences
When people meet one another in the halls of residence, they come with their different ideas and perspectives to life, coming from various backgrounds and laden with various experiences that have shaped them. During the period of their stay together, human interaction which connects people takes place, and bi-directional influences, positive and negative, abound. In the hostels, negative influences have a higher chance of affecting an individual compared to positive influences in our world today as the majority of young people are involved in diverse social vices and immoral activities.

In sum, one solid truth is that the demerits of staying in school hostels cannot be compared to the weight of merits hostelers stand to enjoy. Inasmuch as those who live off campus have the leisure and the opportunity to structure their lives however they deem fit, living in school hostels checkmates the average student and keeps the academic spirit and consciousness alive.

## Niger Delta University: Academic Calendar for 2017/2018 and 2018/2019 Academic Sessions

The Management of the Niger Delta University (NDU), Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, has released the adjusted academic calendar for the 2017/2018 academic session and the academic calendar for 2018/2019 academic session.

2nd Semester
 1 Lectures Continue Monday, February 11, 2019. 2 Lectures End Friday, March 15, 2019. 3 Examinations Begin Monday, March 18, 2019. 4 Examinations End Saturday, April 13, 2019.
NDU ACADEMIC CALENDAR FOR 2018/2019 ACADEMIC CALENDAR

NDU Academic Calendar – 1st Semester.

 1 Arrival of Students Friday, April 26, 2019. 2 Lectures Begin Monday, April 29, 2019. 3 Lectures End Friday, July 19, 2019. 4 Examinations Begin Monday, July 22, 2019. 5 Examinations End Friday, August 16, 2019.

NDU Academic Calendar – 2nd Semester.
 1 Lectures Begin Monday, September 2, 2019. 2 Lectures End Friday, November 22, 2019. 3 Examinations Begin Monday, November 25, 2019. 4 Examinations End Friday, December 20, 2019.

## How to Be a Good Writer: All You Need to Know

It goes without saying that everyone, at a point in time, has ever wished he or she were a good writer. Most of the time, this wish comes when we have to write essays, letters, articles, or maybe, contribute to a discussion on social media. When it comes to speaking, most people don't have a problem, but when it comes to writing, it is like a nightmarish movie. Sometimes, not only do we not know what to write, but we also do not know how to write it.

Sometimes, it is funnily sad. We usually marvel at people who are voluble (able to express themselves in writing and speaking), and we ask ourselves how we can be like such people or even better.

Stop the marvelling and wishing! Help is here! In this article, we shall look at the following:
1. Who is a good writer?

2. Misconceptions about a good writer

3. The making of a good writer

4. Benefits of being a good writer

Characteristics of a Good Writer
These characteristics simply define a good writer:

1. A good writer has a definite purpose.

2. He/She identifies his/her audience and writes to suit their needs.

3. He/She is careful in choosing the most appropriate language to transport his/her message.

4. A good writer has an appreciable mastery of the language he/she chooses. He/She obeys subject-verb agreement and tenses. He/She uses idioms/proverbs well. He/She has a rich vocabulary.

5. To a great extent, a good writer is easily understood.

6. A good writer writes for his/her audience, not necessarily for himself/herself.

7. A good writer is creative.

8. A good writer knows the KISS rule [Keep It Simple and Short].

Misconceptions about a Good Writer
The following are not wholly true about good writers:

1. A good writer studied Literature (or General Arts) in school.

2. A good writer is one who has published books or poems.

3. The language of a good writer is beyond the ordinary. You would need a dictionary to understand the works of a good writer.

4. A good writer always makes sense. He doesn't struggle to write.

5. A good writer writes or can write about a variety of issues, and is always on top of issues.

6. A good writer should be extemporaneous. He/She should be able to produce good writing at any time, whether informed about the subject or not.

7. A good writer doesn't make mistakes. He doesn't need another person to proofread or edit his/her work.

8. A good writer has an authority on everything he/she writes. He/She is a repository of knowledge. Whatever he/she says is true and should be taken hook, line and sinker.

9. A good writer doesn't need inspiration to write. He/She writes effortlessly.

10. A good writer is naturally gifted to write; he/she doesn't need training or coaching.

The Making of a Good Writer
We love to be good writers, but we don't like to go through the process which will make us one. Whatever is worth its salt is achieved, not through magic, but through hard work. The good news is that hard work, even though is not sweet, is rewarding. Hard work wins.

The same way you would need ingredients such as tomatoes, onions, carrots, green peppers, salt, nutmeg, oil, etc. to prepare a delicious vegetable stew, you would need some ingredients to make the "good writer stew". The following are a few ingredients:

1. Books
A good writer is a (good) reader. He/She is a lover of books. Apart from reading enriching your vocabulary, reading different authors makes you identify and appreciate your own style better. A writer who doesn't read other writers can only be a local champion. He/she is limited; he/she is good according to their own standard, but when the rubber meets the road, he/she will fail.

2. A learning spirit
A good writer is a learner, not only of classroom subjects, but of life. A person who does not learn lacks ideas to write about. He/She loses touch with the world around him/her. He/She is a living dead. Learning expands your knowledge base and sharpens your thoughts.

3. Patience
A good writer needs patience and tact just like a neurosurgeon. He/She shouldn't be in a haste to publish his/her writings. He/She needs time for the dough in the writing to rise. He/She is careful to pay attention to grammar, spelling, word usage, etc.

Sometimes, it takes weeks, months, or even years to publish a single work. Every good writer understands this. This is the secret: As a writer, revisit the work you have written weeks or months later, and if you are still impressed with what you have done, feeling the same fire and zeal, then publish it!

Every good writer needs a trusted editor or proofreader who would oversee his or her work. Having an editor doesn't mean you are less good or skilled in writing. Everyone understands the language of his/her profession. An editor or proofreader will run laboratory tests on punctuation, grammar, spelling, sentence structure, capitalisation, paragraphing, etc. Don't take these things for granted. Do well to pay whoever (even if it is your friend) offers to edit or proofread your work; it may be the only source of income for the person.

Benefits of Being a Good Writer
1. Job
Being a good writer creates a job avenue for you, whether part-time or full-time.

2. Fame
We know the likes of Chinua Achebe, Wole Soyinka, Kofi Awoonor, Manasseh Azure, et al. because they are good writers. Being a good writer makes you famous.

3. Voice
Being a good writer gives you a powerful voice that many people listen. The art of writing provides the writer a platform to air his or her views.

4. Personal development
Good writers know they must read wide and be abreast of issues. This obligation contributes to their personal development in thoughts and actions.

© Eric Nuamah Korankye (Hamlet)

## Factors and Multiples: Prime Numbers and Prime Factors, Index Forms and Common Factors, HCF and LCM

In this tutorial, we shall look at a few things:

I. Prime numbers and prime factors.

II. Index forms and common factors.

III. Highest common factors (HCF).

IV. Lowest common multiples (LCM).

Objectives
I. To be able to define and identify prime numbers.

II. To have a better understanding of what factors are – and also find the factors of a given whole number.

III. To be able to express a number as a product of its factors in index form, and also find the highest common factor (HCF) of two or more numbers.

IV. To know what a multiple is; to write down multiples of a given number, and find the lowest common multiple of two or more whole numbers.

Click here to get the complete tutorial.
Keywords
I. Factor – A number that divides into another number without a remainder.

II. Prime numbers – These are numbers that have only two factors: 1 and itself.

III. Prime Factors – These are simply factors that are prime.

IV. Highest Common Factor (HCF) – The biggest number that will divide two or more numbers.

V. Multiple – The result of multiplying factors together.

VI. Lowest Common Multiple (LCM) –The smallest number that two or more numbers will divide; it is the smallest of the common multiples of a given set of numbers.

VII. Divisible – Able to be divided without a remainder.

VIII. Index – Index means power.