Blog Posts

Kinds of Listeners: What Kind of Listener Are You?

In every communication setting, the listener as well as the speaker is very important. But it is unfortunate that we usually want to be speakers rather than listeners. Even when we listen, we do not listen to understand what is being said, but only to reply.
Kinds of Listeners: What Kind of Listener Are You?
Good speakers are also good listeners, so it is better to balance the two if you haven't been doing that already. In this article, we shall look at some kinds of listeners.

1. Absent-minded listener
A person who is absent-minded is usually absent in mind; easily distracted or preoccupied with something other than the current event he or she is present at. A student can be in the classroom, but his mind may be somewhere else. Teachers detest this! If a listener is absent-minded, it affects the communication process. Because he or she is not paying attention, he or she cannot give good feedback or contribution to the discussion. If you are often absent-minded in your conversations with people, turn over a new leaf. It can be a very annoying behaviour!

2. A fake listener
There are some listeners who pretend they are listening, but, in fact, they are not. They are often caught unawares when the speaker expects an answer/response from them. Their common lines are "Pardon?", "I didn't get what you said", "The line was faint", "Network problem" (especially on phone), etc.

If you are not interested in having the conversation, don't pretend you are. Kindly let the person know.

3. Bored listener
If someone is bored out of his mind or brains, the person is extremely bored or is suffering from boredom. Such a person becomes uninterested or pays no attention to what is going on. Such is a bored listener! Whatever is said goes in one ear and out the other. The subject under discussion may be boring to him or her so he or she focuses the attention on something else.

Have you ever attended a boring lecture? In 300 words, describe the feeling. Don't say it is indescribable! Lol!

4. Purposive/Selective listener
This kind of listener chooses what to listen to and what not to listen to. In a conversation, he or she is only interested in a certain subject/topic. When that topic is on the table for discussion, he or she is attentive and active, but once the topic is off the table, he or she reverts to any of the three kinds of listeners above.

5. Impatient listener
An impatient listener is always in a haste to interrupt or interject the speaker. He or She always has something to chip in. He or She is too quick to reply, instead of listening to understand what is being said.

© Eric Nuamah Korankye (Hamlet)

Civic Education: Third Term's Scheme of Work for JSS 1 – 3

Below is third term's Civic Education scheme of work for JSS 1 – 3.
Civic Education: Third Term's Scheme of Work for JSS 1 – 3
Civic Education: Third Term's Scheme of Work for JSS 1

Week 1
Citizenship: The Process of Becoming of a Citizen of a Country

Week 2
Rights and Duties of Citizens: Meaning of Rights and Duties

Week 3
Rights and Duties of Citizens: Difference between Rights and Duties

Week 4
Rights and Duties of Citizens: Importance of Rights and Duties

Week 5
Objects of National Consciousness: National Symbols (Coat of Arm)

Week 6
Objects of National Consciousness: Purpose of the Establishment of NYSC

Week 7
Ways of Promoting National Unity: Tolerance, Hospitality etc.

Week 8
Describe the Unifying Measures: The National Anthem and Pledge

Week 9
Measures Adopted by Government to Promote National Unity

Week 10
How Individuals of Groups Can Promote National Unity

Week 11
Part of Nigerian Consolation That Seek to Promote National Consciousness and National Unity

Week 12/13

Civic Education: Third Term's Scheme of Work for JSS 2

Week 1
Democracy: Meaning and Features

Week 2
Democracy: Aim of Democracy

Week 3
Pillars of Democracy

Week 4
Pillars of Democracy (Cont'd)

Week 5
Election and Voter's Responsibilities

Week 6
Meaning and Forms of Electoral Malpractices

Week 7
Forms of Electoral Malpractices (Cont'd)

Week 8
Forms of Electoral Malpractices (Cont'd)

Week 9
Forms of Electoral Malpractices (Cont'd)

Week 10
Causes of Electoral Malpractices

Week 11
Causes of Electoral Malpractices (Cont'd)

Week 12/13

Civic Education: Third Term's Scheme for JSS 3

Week 1
Election and Electoral Bodies in Nigeria

Week 2
Election and Electoral Bodies in Nigeria: The Need for Free and Fair Elections

Week 3
Electoral Malpractices in Nigeria and How to Prevent Electoral Malpractices in Nigeria

Week 4
Democratic Process: Meaning of Voting and Voter's Registration

Week 5
Democratic Process: Importance of Voting

Week 6
Democratic Process: The Process of Voting

Week 7

Top Features to Make Your Parties and Functions More Exciting

There are a lot more ways to utilize for making a moment special and unforgettable by all means. There are a lot more ways to create a special moment, but usually, people prefer to celebrate it with friends or close relatives. If you are going to plan some sort of surprise event to celebrate your joy and happiness with your friends, the best thing you can do is to arrange for a bang party in which you can invite a lot more people to get part in your celebration by all means. If you are planning the party then you can get an idea from the internet as well. There are thousands of new and fresh ideas in which you can actually get the best thing to manage in the event, and nobody will forget it for a long time. Install a photo booth Dubai option in your party in which you can get selected multiple of funny things to make the time more special as it should be. Here is a list of those things which you actually need to have in your party to make the time memorable for a long time.

1. Get selected the best place for the party
It is the most important thing that everyone should have to think about it. There are different types of coolest places you can see around you where you can arrange for the best party. There are different people around you to provide you useful suggestions regarding it. Get their recommendations and as well select the coolest thing you can select. You may probably choose the place according to your targeted budget; it will be the best thing to make everything perfect by all means.

Top Features to Make Your Parties and Functions More Exciting

2. DJ is compulsory
Without music, it is not possible to arrange for the party. Never! With the amazing beat of the music, you can force the people to dance along with it, and it will definitely add a unique color of fun which you will never forget.  Try to hire the best DJ services along with different lighting combination which can actually rock the whole party.

3. Install the photo booth option
The photo booth is one of the best innovations of this time in which you just have to provide the booth with a specific but suitable place. Moreover, you will also get the chance to have different types of props in your hands to make different poses along with your friends to make the moments special for the whole life. You can see that there is a majority of people who actually love to make their unique poses by holding the props in their hands to add a unique touch of excitement by all means. The trend of photo booth Dubai is very much famous across the world these days, and the special thing is in this option is that it can easily get adjusted in every type of event. It will definitely provide you the best chances to achieve all types of things which you may have selected in your mind. It is a very much cost effective solution to utilize for the event, and you can also receive the photos from the booth after the event.

4. Selection of the food items
Selection of the food items is also very much important to make the party enjoyable by all means. Set aside a bar where the guests can enjoy their drinks and also take part in the event.  The best option is to get help from the event organizers. In this regard, they will suggest to you the best theme of the party as well as the food items which everybody loves to eat.

5. Group dance option
If you really want an extraordinary fun in your organized party, you should have to introduce the group dance option in which you can distribute gifts among your guests. They will surely remember the act for a long time, and your party will be in the top of the list. Music choice would be impressive and force people to dance on the beat.

6. Introduce games at the party
In most of the parties, it has very much common to introduce some sort of games (for the guests) in which they can enjoy a lot and get participated in it. It is one of the best things you would ever do for the real fun in your life. It is for sure that everyone will definitely enjoy the party, and it will be the best moment you would ever enjoy as well.

The Ultimate Comprehensive Guide for Passing WAEC's Examinations

It is no news that the 2019 West African Senior School Certificate Examination will soon kick off. As expected, registered students within and outside the country are up and running, doing everything possible to get ready to engage in an examination drill that may define their academic pursuit. Tammys English Blog takes you on an explicit journey on all you need to know, equipping you with the necessary know-how in time to sit for your examination. Below are a few things you will learn in this article:

1. Brief study about WAEC.
2. How to get prepared for WASSCE.
3. Rules applied to answering questions.
The Ultimate Comprehensive Guide for Passing WAEC's Examinations

The acronym, WAEC, simply means West African Examinations Council. It is an examination body that conducts the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) for secondary/high school students in West African countries (Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Gambia). It is a prerequisite for gaining admission into any tertiary institution in Nigeria and other West African countries.

Why do I have to sit for this exam?
As stated earlier, it is a prerequisite for gaining admission into any tertiary institution in Nigeria and other West African countries.

When does it begin?
The exam usually runs from April to June. However, dates are prone to review and adjustment.

What/How many subjects will I write? 
Every student taking this examination is expected to register at least nine subjects: the compulsory subjects (English Language, Mathematics, Economics, Civic Education, Data Processing and Biology) for arts, social science and science students and three other subjects relevant to the student’s discipline.

What does an excellent/failed WAEC result grade look like?
WAEC results are graded in alphanumerical format. And they are:
A1 (75 – 100%) is an Excellent grade.

B2 (70 – 74%) is a Very Good grade.

B3 (65 – 69%) is a Good grade.

C4 (60 – 64%) is a ‘Credit’ grade.

C5 (55 – 59%) is a ‘Credit’ grade.

C6 (50 – 54%) is also a ‘Credit’ grade.

D7 (45 – 49%) is a ‘Pass’ grade.

E8 (40 – 44%) is a ‘Pass’ grade.

F9 (0 – 39%) is Fail.

For a student to confidently say that he/she has passed his/her WASSCE, that student must have at least a ‘Credit’ grade in five subjects (including English and Mathematics) relevant to his/her discipline.

When are WAEC results released, and how can I check mine?
WAEC results are usually released in August or September although dates are sometimes subject to adjustment. See how to check your WASSCE result here.

It was Benjamin Franklin who said 'Failing to plan is planning to fail.' While those immortal words have been applied to diverse aspects of human endeavour (with positive results), I'd love to think he had the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) in mind when he said them. Proper planning is the first real step to passing your exam. In fact, everything else is tied to it. As a normal student, there are bound to be common distractions or challenges coming forth from every corner, but you have to put them beside you in order to be at the top. Below are key steps for proper planning:

1. A straight head with a focused mind
Avoid unnecessary routine exercises. Make time to set a clear and attainable goal for yourself, and work hard towards making that goal feasible.

2. Put in the hard work
This has to do with creating a study guideline. You carve out time to read and study depending on your daily schedule.

3. Test your abilities
Test your reading, spelling and writing skill-set. If anyone comes up short of expectation, improve! 

4. Say no to procrastination
Procrastination is a terrible habit that leads to failure. Follow your study guideline diligently.

5. Have a clean mindset
Never walk into an examination hall with the mindset of expecting help from your school. Your expectation may be cut short. You must have independent knowledge of what to write. Besides, whatever is worth doing is worth doing well.

Having a WAEC question paper on your desk could be surreal, coupled with the fact it's a one-off exam that is totally different from what you're accustomed to in secondary/high school. This is enough reason to send butterflies ripping down your stomach. Consequently, you become naive, anxious, not knowing how to approach the questions placed before you. But what if someone sat you down in advance and let you in on what to expect? It would be a game changer for you, wouldn't it? Guide 3 will do well to let you in on how to approach questions with ease, thereby learning how to tackle them in ways pleasing to your examiners.

Before answering the examination questions, students are advised to cast a quick glance at all questions and attempt to answer the ones obviously known to them before returning back to the more complex ones. As expected, exam papers consist of two sections: objective and essay (sometimes called theory).

The ‘objective’ section consists of multiple choice questions. Students are to pick one option from the four options lettered A-D. WAEC allows for only 1 hour to be spent on this section.

There's more to essay than just ticking boxes (in objective). WAEC expects you to have and apply deep-rooted knowledge here. Thus it involves a lot of writing exercise. The essay consists of several parts, and you are to follow each according to the instruction on your question paper. These several parts often carry equal marks, and the time frame is 2 hours. Below are some key terms associated with Essay and Objective questions, and their detailed meaning:

Define: Provide the meaning of 

Outline: To list and explain with precision.

Describe: Give a detailed account of any given thing.

Identify: To indicate and establish what something is.

Enumerate: To mention separately in an orderly fashion.

Evaluate: Calculate, establish and tell the quality of a substance.

Relate: To show a connection between two or more things.

Recount/Give an account: To write or tell something (usually an event in the past). 

Comment on: Give an opinion (usually in strict accordance to what was taught).

Indicate: To point out or show.

Compare and contrast: To note what is similar and different.

With close reference: To pick out the most important aspects of the text and present them as clear, separate ideas, using examples.

Highlight: To attract attention to or emphasize something important.

Merit/pro: Simply means advantage.

Demerit/con: Simply means disadvantage.

Tier: Something with several rows or layers ahead or beneath it.

Feature: A distinctive attribute.

Function: The work of something.

Objective: Aim or desired goal.

Characteristics: What something is typically made up of.

How to Approach Practical Questions
Practical questions might involve physical or drawn-out specimens that are typically labelled from A, B, C to F. It may contain more. There are easy, yet tricky methods of answering questions. And most students usually fail woefully without knowing. Examine the specimens, (their structures and features) properly before attempting to answer any question.

When differentiating in tabular format, be sure to state, by comparing and contrasting, the exact opposite/substitute of something. For example, the difference of ‘Obi is a boy.’ would be ‘Ada is a girl.’ Avoid inter-changing answers, e.g., Obi is a boy; Ada is a woman.

Terms Associated with Practical Questions
Specimen: Something shown or examined as an example of its species.

Dissect: To separate into several pieces and expose several parts.

Observe: To watch carefully.

Taxonomy/Classify: Arrange something (especially organisms) in class or categories they belong.

Domain/kingdom/Phylum/Class/Order/Family: They're all orderly breakdown of organic taxonomy.

Specie: Organisms with similar attributes.

Apparatus: Technical equipment used for carrying out a particular task.

The key to scoring high marks in practical is to pay rapt attention to instructions.

It is the desire of every student to write WAEC once. If you consider the money, time and effort spent, you'd see the reason for such yearning. Research has shown that students fail WAEC because they have little or no knowledge of the above guidelines. In other words, if students have much understanding of these three markers and work tirelessly to perfecting each of them, failure will be far from them.

WAEC has often been described by many as a difficult examination. However, with the exception of a few who confess how easy it can be, such negative perception is and would always be up for debate. All you need to do is to work hard in order to be among the very few who see the examination in a good light.

© Victor Wisdom

The Reason Why You Shouldn't Depend Solely on Your Salary

The Reason Why You Shouldn't Depend Solely on Your Salary
The moment you get out of bed and wash your face and drink water, pure water companies count on you. 

When you brush your teeth, Pepsodent, Close Up or Oral B earns from you.

When you charge your phones, laptop(s) and other gadgets, NEPA/PHCN reads its meter and earns from you.

When you move from your house to the office, taxi, danfo, okada or keke (tricycle) owners count on you.

When you drive your car, filling station owners collect their share.

When you check your WhatsApp, Facebook and other social media platforms, the bank accounts of telecommunication companies get credited while your account is debited. 

So, before you get out of the house, you have already paid all these companies something. You have already spent money. How then do you foot these bills when you go to bed every day without making at least N10? This is the major reason why you need an additional source or multiple streams of income.

It is high time you started thinking about how to make money every day. Think residual or passive income. Start with a small targeted amount, and grow as you go. Start with something that will give you a little cash even if it is N10 a day. It is better than going to bed without making even a kobo.

Let’s put our faith into action, take risks and start something! Salary alone cannot solve your money problems. You need secondary sources of income to create a balance. It will also interest you to know that salary is a medicine for managing poverty; it doesn’t cure it. Only your business or investment cures poverty.

Number Base 2: Counting, Addition and Subtraction of Numbers in Base 2

In this tutorial, we shall look at:
I. Counting in base two.

II. Addition and subtraction of numbers in base two.
Number Base 2: Counting, Addition and Subtraction of Numbers in Base 2

By the end of this lesson, you should be able to:
I. Expand numbers expressed in base 2.

II. Add, subtract and multiply numbers in base 2.

III. Solve questions with addition, subtraction and multiplication signs simultaneously.

Get the tutorial here

I. Number Base: A counting number system.

II. Base Ten: Most common way of counting in tens (10s) or power of 10.

III. Base two: Counting in twos (2s).

IV. Binary Number: A base two number.

9mobile Provides Its Customers with Free Whatsapp Chat

Free Whatsapp chat (from 9mobile) is the first of its kind in Nigeria’s telecom market, and it is available to 9mobile's prepaid and postpaid subscribers. With 9mobile's free Whatsapp chat offer, customers can connect more with family and friends. Businesses are also not left out as business customers can also connect with colleagues and clients on Whatsapp free of charge.
9mobile Provides Its Subscribers with Free Whatsapp Chat

It is also important to state that 9mobile's free Whatsapp chat offer is not limited to text messages. You can share images, videos and other multimedia contents, excluding voice calls, video calls and status updates, with friends on Whatsapp.

How to Enjoy 9mobile's Free Whatsapp Chat
9mobile customers, upon purchase of their preferred data bundles using the code *200*3*1#, will be able to use their data plans for other purposes while enjoying Whatsapp chat free of charge.

According to 9mobile:
The Whatsapp offer is certainly a novel one as it allows our customers to put their data to other uses while they enjoy chatting and bonding with friends and loved ones on Whatsapp for free.

The offer also empowers customers to promote their businesses using Whatsapp as data which would have been used up on Whatsapp can now be used for other things with the free Whatsapp offer by 9mobile.

Official: 2019 May/June WAEC Examination Timetable for School Candidates

The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) has released the 2019 West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) timetable for school candidates. According to the timetable, the 2019 (May/June) WAEC examination will commence on Monday, 8th April, 2019 and end on Friday, 7th June, 2019.
Official: 2019 May/June WAEC Examination Timetable for School Candidates
However, the timetable provided below contains the core subjects taken by Arts and Science students in Nigerian secondary/high schools. It also contains the days and time which these subjects will be written. Secondary/High school students from other West African countries should click here to get access to the complete timetable. The images are ten in number, and they contain the subjects being offered by WAEC.


Tuesday, 23rd April, 2019.
i. Data Processing 2 (Essay) – 9:30 am – 11:30 am

ii. Data Processing 1 (Objective) –11:30 am – 12:30 pm

Wednesday, 24th April, 2019.
Geography 3 (Physical and Practical Geography) – 2:00 pm – 3:50 pm

Friday, 26th April, 2019.
i. Biology 2 (Essay) – 9:30 am – 11:10 am

ii. Biology 1 (Objective) – 11:10 am – 12 noon

Monday, 29th April, 2019.
i. Computer Studies 2 (Essay) – 3:00 pm – 4:00 pm

ii. Computer Studies 1 (Objective) – 4:00 pm – 5:00 pm

Thursday, 2nd May, 2019.
i. Physics 3 (Practical, Alternative A) – 9:30 am – 12: 15 pm (1st Set)

ii. Physics 3 (Practical, Alternative A) – 12:40 pm – 3:25 pm (2nd Set)

iii. History 2 (Essay) – 2:00 pm – 4:00 pm

iv. History 1 (Objective) – 4:00 pm – 5:00 pm

Friday, 3rd May, 2019.
i. Literature-In-English 2 (Prose) – 9:30 am – 10:45 am

ii. Literature-In-English 1 (Objective) – 10:45 am – 11:45 am

iii. Chemistry 3 (Practical, Alternative A) – 9:30 am – 11:30 am (1st Set)

iv. Chemistry 3 (Practical, Alternative A) – 12 noon – 2:00 pm (2nd Set)

Tuesday, 7th May, 2019.
i. Further Mathematics 2 (Essay) – 9:30 am – 12 noon

ii. Further Mathematics 1 (Objective) – 3:30 pm – 5:00 pm

Wednesday, 8th May, 2019.
i. Physics 2 (Essay) – 9:30 am – 11:00 am

ii. Physics 1 (Objective) – 11:00 am – 12:15 pm

Thursday, 9th May, 2019.
i. English Language 2 (Essay) – 9:30 am – 11:30 am

ii. English Language 1 (Objective) – 11:30 am – 12:30 pm

iii. English Language 3 (Test of Orals) – 3:00 pm – 3:45 pm

Friday, 10th May, 2019.
i. Geography 2 (Essay) – 9:30 am – 11:30 am

ii. Geography 1 (Objective) – 11:30 am – 12:20 pm

Monday, 13th May, 2019.
i. Financial Accounting 2 (Essay) – 9:30 am – 12:00 noon

ii. Financial Accounting 1 (Objective) – 12:00 noon – 1:00 pm

Tuesday, 14th May, 2019.
i. Physics 3 (Practical, Alternative B) – 9:30 am – 12:15 pm (1st Set)

ii. Physics 3 (Practical, Alternative B) – 12:40 pm – 3:25 pm (2nd Set)

iii. Commerce 2 (Essay) – 2:00 pm – 4:00 pm

iv. Commerce 1 (Objective) – 4:00 pm – 4:50 pm

Wednesday, 15th May, 2019.
i. Biology 3 (Practical, Alternative A) – 9:30 am – 11:30 am (1st Set)

ii. Biology 3 (Practical, Alternative A) – 12 noon – 2:00 pm (2nd Set)

iii. Literature-In-English 3 (Drama and Poetry) – 2:00 pm – 4:30 pm

Thursday, 16th May, 2019.
i. Mathematics 2 (Essay) – 9:30 am – 12 noon

ii. Mathematics 1 (Objective) – 3:00 pm – 4:30 pm

Friday, 17th May, 2019.
i. Economics 2 (Essay) – 9:30 am – 11:30 am

ii. Economics 1 (Objective) – 11:30 am – 12:30 am

Monday, 20th May, 2019.
i. Christian Religious Studies 2 (Essay) – 9:30 am – 11: 30 am

ii. Christian Religious Studies 1 (Objective) – 11:30 am – 12: 30 pm

iii. Islamic Studies 2 (Essay) – 9:30 am – 11:30 am

iv. Islamic Studies 1 (Objective) – 11:30 am – 12:20 pm

v. Chemistry 2 (Essay) – 2:00 pm – 4:00 pm

vi. Chemistry 1 (Objective) – 4:00 pm – 5:00pm

Tuesday, 21st May, 2019.
i. Government 2 (Essay) – 9:30 am – 11:30 am

ii. Government 1 (Objective) – 11:30 am – 12:00 pm

iii. Chemistry 3 (Practical, Alternative B) – 9:30 am – 11:30 am (1st Set)

iv. Chemistry 3 (Practical, Alternative B) – 12 noon – 2:00 pm (2nd Set)

Wednesday, 22nd May, 2019.
i. Civic Education 2 (Essay) – 9:30 am – 11:30 am

ii. Civic Education 1 (Objective) – 11:30 am – 12:30 noon

Thursday, 23rd May, 2019.
i. Computer Studies 3 (Practical) – 9:30 am – 11:30 am (1st Set)

ii. Computer Studies 3 (Practical) – 12:00 noon – 2:00 pm (2nd Set)

iii. Agricultural Science 2 (Essay) – 2:00 pm – 4:10 pm

iv. Agricultural Science 1 (Objective) – 4:10 pm – 5:00 pm

Friday, 24th May, 2019.
i. Agricultural Science 3 (Practical) – 9:30 am – 11:00 am (1st Set)

ii. Agricultural Science 3 (Practical) – 11:30 am – 1:00 pm (2nd Set)

Tuesday, 28th May, 2019.
i. Technical Drawing 2 (Essay) – 2:00 pm – 3:45 pm

ii. Technical Drawing 1 (Objective) – 3:45 pm – 4:45 pm

Thursday, 30th May, 2019.
i. Arabic 2 (Essay) – 2:00 pm – 4:00 pm

ii. Arabic 1 (Objective) – 4:00 pm – 4:50 pm

iii. Principles of Cost Accounting 2 (Essay) – 2:00 pm – 4:00 pm

iv. Principles of Cost Accounting 1 (Objective) – 4:00 pm – 5:00 pm

Friday, 31st May, 2019.
i. French 2 (Essay) – 9:30 am – 10:45 am

ii.French 1 (Objective) – 10:45 am – 11:45 am