Get your Assignment, Term Paper and Project Work on English and Literature Done by Contacting this Blog...

Aug 17, 2017

The Differences between: This, These, That and Those


"This, these, that, and those" are the four demonstrative pronouns of English. They are same as demonstrative adjectives. Demonstrative adjectives point at a noun in a sentence. Like every other English word, these "demonstratives" have their distinct functions, but in this article, only their differences will be discussed.

The Differences between: This, These, That and Those

THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN "THIS" AND "THESE"
There is a sharp dichotomy between these two, but often times, most persons use them interchangeably. This is a clear indication that they are unaware of the differences that exist between both pronouns.

In simple terms, "this" is the singular form of "these". In other words, "these" is the plural of "this".
Examples
  • This book is mine/This is my book.
  • These books are mine/These are my book.
Again, "this" and "these" are used to refer to items that are closer to you. Whereas "this" is used to refer to a singular item that is closer to you, "these" is used to refer to plural items that are closer to you.
Examples
  • This shirt.
  • These shirts.
THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN "THAT" AND "THOSE"
Just as we have "this" as the singular form of "these", "that" is the singular form of "those". In other words, "those" is the plural of "that".
Examples
  • That man is evil.
  • Those men are evil.
READ ALSO: The different ways of expressing agreement HERE.
Also, "that" and "those" are used to refer to items or persons that are far from you. While "that" refers to singular items or persons, "those" refers to plural items or persons.
Examples
  • Get me that bag.
  • Get me those bags. 
From the foregoing, one can adequately state that the major difference between "this and these" and "that and those" is distance. Whereas "this and these" are used to refer to singular and plural items that are closer to you, "that and those" are used to refer to singular and plural items that are far from you respectively.


Author:

Get Free English Tutorials From Tammy

0 comments: