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Glo Amebo: Recharge Your Line with N100 Airtime To Get N500 Airtime Bonus

Glo Amebo: Recharge Your Line with N100 Airtime To Get N500 Airtime Bonus
Known as the Grand Master of data and an amazing distributor of airtime bonuses, the “awoof-filled” network, Glo, is here with another amazing offer known as Glo Amebo.

Unlike the Yakata Prepaid Plan that gives customers 4x recharge bonus, Glo Amebo is a new bonus offer that gives customers 5x recharge bonus to call all networks. If you recharge your Glo line with N100 airtime, for instance, you will be given an airtime bonus of N500. N200 recharge gives you N1000 airtime bonus, and N1000 recharge gives you N5000 airtime bonus.

Obviously, this is an amazing offer for those customers who always make calls. Customers can use their bonuses to call all networks in Nigeria. This offer is available to all new and existing customers.

How to Get Glo Amebo 5x Recharge Bonus
Simply recharge your line with *555*PIN#

MTN Nigeria Rolls out 4G+ Service in Port Harcourt, Lagos and Abuja

MTN Nigeria introduced its 4G+ network on Tuesday, June 25, 2019 in three of Nigeria's major cities: Port Harcourt, Lagos and Abuja, saying the enhanced service platform will help introduce premium experience to more people across the country.
MTN Nigeria Rolls Out 4G+ Service in Port Harcourt, Lagos and Abuja

MTN 4G+ runs on 4G LTE Advanced Technology, combining the newly acquired 800 MHz and 2600 MHz spectrum. The added spectrum and sophisticated technology extend the reach and capability of MTN's data network in Nigeria, enabling speeds up to 200 Mbps.

This means that it could take as little as three minutes to download a 30-minute HD video on 4G+, while downloading the same video on standard 4G would take about eight minutes. This service, according to MTN Nigeria, is accessible instantly and will offer much greater broadband speeds, a more coherent connection and important indoor coverage enhancement.

The launch of 4G+ is a natural evolution from MTN's already fast and reliable 4G network and further illustrates the company's dedication to continuous technological investment that addresses its customers' current and future needs. It is obviously about its customers as it places its customers in the core of all it does.

With 4G+ launch, customers should see faster downloads and uploads as well as better browsing and streaming experiences. It will spread to other states in Nigeria over time.

Hanged vs Hung: When and How To Use Them in Stating Past Events

Hanged vs Hung: When and How To Use Them in Stating Past Events
One of the most common pair of confused words relating to irregular verbs is “hanged” and “hung”. The verb “hang” has two possible past tenses and past particles, “hanged” and “hung”. Of these, the form “hung” is by far the more common, as in:

We hung some decorations on the Christmas tree.

The form “hanged” is mostly used when related to execution by hanging someone from a rope or to suicide by the same means, as in:

The murderer was hanged.

This error has become so common that the distinction between the two words is in real danger of being forgotten.

© Joseph Baidoo
Joseph Baidoo is a Ghanaian and is popularly known on social media as Misty Joe.

All You To Know about the Interim Joint Matriculation Board (IJMB) Programme

The dust raised by the release of JAMB’s 2019 UTME results around the country is expected to have settled down by now. The statistical evidence, as presented by the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB), didn’t bode well for a large number of participants. According to reports, a staggering 72.2% of the 1,792,719 candidates who sat for the examination scored below 50%.

Now all attention turns to these participants (those above and below the 50% benchmark) as regards to what step they take with their respective results in gaining admission into the different tertiary institutions situated around the country.

All You To Know about the Interim Joint Matriculation Board (IJMB) Programme

Introducing the IJMB program.

What Is IJMB?
As an acronym for Interim Joint Matriculation Board, IJMB is a proven, certified and advanced level programme approved by the Federal Government and moderated by Ahmadu Bello University, ABU Zaria, with coordinating bodies located across various tertiary institutions in the country.

As the name implies, IJMB is an A-level-nine-month programme that is established and certified by the National University Commission (NUC) as an alternative mode of securing admission via direct 200L entry into any tertiary institution in Nigeria. Upon successful completion, those who enroll for this programme are presented with a certificate—presently recognized and accepted in more than 80% of the Nigerian universities. Candidates can check item 2.2 of JAMB BROCHURE to confirm this.

Brief History
IJMB was founded by the Interim Common Services Agency in 1976. The Interim Common Services Agency is a commission set up by the government of the old Northern Region to provide educational assistance to candidates who could not gain admission to regular degree programmes in Northern universities due to different reasons.  Since then, it has rapidly been extended to other parts of the country.

How Does It Work?
Prospective candidates are required to pick any three IJMB Subjects that correspond with their preferred courses in their respective universities—be it Science, Art or Social Science. Lectures would then commence at the respective study centres for a period of time, which is an academic session divided into two semesters. IJMB centres begin every March and end in January.

In the end, candidates would then sit for the final examination which is conducted every February. Upon completion of the programme, successful students are granted a certificate that guarantees them a 200L direct entry (DA) admission into any of the Nigerian tertiary institutions.

You can use your IJMB certificate to gain admission by first acquiring JAMB’s Direct Entry (DA) form online or at any of JAMB’s offices nearest to you. You will fill out the form in accordance with your IJMB result. The JAMB form provides you with the option of choosing two tertiary institutions as your first and second choice.

Who Is Eligible?
Everyone seeking to further his or her education is eligible for this programme. This includes past and freshly graduated students and the working class nationwide. Even candidate awaiting their ordinary level result can also apply for the IJMB programme.

What Are the Requirements?

The requirements are quite simple and easy to meet. First, candidates are expected to either be at the final phase of or have already completed their secondary school education. Second, you don't need to provide any JAMB or UTME result. All you need is a five-credit pass gotten from any O’ level examination of not more than two sittings.

Academic Session
IJMB calendar begins in November every year and ends in April for the registration of the following year. In March, while registration is ongoing, lectures for the session commence and end in December. In January, revision for the session commences. Examination for the session usually starts in January or early February and lasts for three weeks whereas results are released in April.

Track Record

IJMB is known for its high percentage success rate. Yearly, the program records about 20,000 applicants. And more than 70% of those applicants successfully secure admission via direct entry into their preferred tertiary institutions to take on any course. Unlike JAMB, IJMB certificate is known to be valid for seven years.

Prominent Beneficiaries of the IJMB Programme

Adamu Adamu – Minister of Education

Sanusi Lamido – Former CBN Governor and current Emir of Kano

Elrufai – Governor of Kaduna state

Namadi Sambo – Former Vice President of Nigeria

Late Umaru Musa Yaradua – He was a lecturer in the IJMB program.

And at some point in Goodluck Jonathan’s administration, 19 out of the 36 Governors were all beneficiaries of the IJMB programme.

To gain admission into any of the tertiary institutions in Nigeria is not an easy task. Statistics have shown that only 20% of the annual UTME candidates are successful. Candidates who fall under the unsuccessful 80% are left to wait for a year to stand another chance. But with IJMB now at the helm as an alternative to JAMB and its highly successful admission rate via direct entry, many eager Nigerians can now fulfil their aspiration of securing safe passage into various tertiary institutions in the country.

© Victor Wisdom

The Difference between “Knee” and “Kneel”

The Difference between “Knee” and “Kneel”
The word “knee” can be used as a noun (predominantly) and as a verb (rarely). As a noun, the knee is the middle joint of the leg that allows the leg to bend. The plural form is “knees”. As a verb, to knee someone means to hit the person with your knee. The other verb forms are “knees”, “kneed”, and “kneeing”.

Kneel, on the other hand, is a verb. It means “to go down into, or stay in, a position where one or both knees are on the ground”. We always add the preposition “down” to “kneel”, but it can be avoided. The other verb forms of kneel are “kneels”, “kneeling”, and “knelt” (British) or “kneeled” (American).

1. My left knee hurts.

2. Jackie Chan kneed his opponent.

3. I told him to kneel for insulting his friends.

© Eric Nuamah Korankye (Hamlet)

Rivers State Ministry of Education: 2019 Junior WAEC (BECE) Timetable

Below is the 2019 Junior WAEC (also known as the Basic Education Certificate Examination) timetable for Junior secondary schools in Rivers State, Nigeria.

MONDAY (24/6/2019)
i. Basic Science
Time: 9AM - 11AM

ii. Civic Education
Time: 12noon - 2PM

TUESDAY (25/6/2019)
i. English Language
Time: 9AM - 11AM

ii. Basic Technology
Time: 12noon - 2PM

WEDNESDAY (26/6/2019)
i. Social Studies
Time: 9AM - 11AM

ii. Physical and Health Education (PHE)
Time: 12noon - 2PM

THURSDAY (27/6/2019)
i. Mathematics
Time: 9AM - 11AM

ii. Computer Science
Time: 12noon - 2PM

FRIDAY (28/6/2019)
i. Christian Religious Studies
Time: 9AM - 11AM

ii. French
Time: 12noon - 2PM

MONDAY (1/7/2019)
i. Business Studies
Time: 9AM - 11AM

ii. Creative Arts
Time: 12noon - 2PM

TUESDAY (2/7/2019)
i. Agricultural Science
Time: 9AM - 11AM

ii. Home Economics
Time: 12noon - 2PM
Rivers State Ministry of Education: 2019 Junior WAEC (BECE) Timetable
2019 BECE Timetable

“I can't count how many doors my Nigerian accent has opened for me.” – Reno Omokiri

Reno Omokri, former presidential spokesperson to Dr Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, has a piece of advice for Nigerians who flaunt fake British or American accent after spending a few years in Britain, America or both countries.
 In his words:

This is me in Disneyland on August 26, 1983. I first became resident in California at the age of 9. Yet, I still speak publicly and deliberately in my Nigerian accent. For the over 36 years that I have been crisscrossing the world, I can't count how many doors my Nigerian accent has opened for me. It stands me out from the crowd and turns heads. Why would an American consider an American accent as something interesting? They have 300 million people already using it. Ditto for the United Kingdom. No. Those guys want to hear another accent. Don't succumb to inferiority complex and change your accent to fit in. What is wrong with standing out? Be yourself. Your Nigerian accent is cooler than ice! And while you are it, don't change your Kayode to Kay or your Ikechukwu to Iyke. Teach them how to pronounce Kayode and Ikechukwu. I assure you that your uniqueness will open more doors than your feeble attempts to conform #FreeLeahSharibu #RenosNuggets

What is the Difference between “Faithful” and “Fateful”?

The word “faithful” is an adjective. It means “loyal”; “firm and not changing in your friendship with or support for a person or an organisation, or in your belief in your principles”. “Faithful” is majorly attributed to humans or deities.

“Fateful”, on the other hand, means "having an important and usually negative effect on the future." “Fateful” is an adjective and it is always used before a noun.

1. Osei Yaw is a faithful friend. 

2. On that faithful day, we didn't wake up to hear good news. 

3. On that fateful day, we didn't wake up to hear good news. 

© Eric Nuamah Korankye

Is It Wrong To Begin a Sentence with AND or BUT?

Is It Wrong To Begin a Sentence with AND or BUT?

It is no longer considered an error to begin a sentence with “And” or “But”. And that is why this sentence begins with “And”. This is quite a recent change and one that has probably arisen because people started to ask why not.

However, do not overdo it. Beginning a sentence with “And” or “But” is best kept for those occasions when you want to draw particular attention to something or to emphasize something.

A whole string of sentences beginning  in this way is going to sound very tedious and suggest a lack of talent or imagination in the writer.

© Joseph Baidoo

A Grammatical Change in the Use of WILL and SHALL

Here is another pair of words in which a grammatical change has occurred. They are the verbs WILL and SHALL, which are used to form the future tense. Formerly, the verb ‘shall’ was always used with ‘I’ and ‘we,’ and ‘will’ was always used with ‘you,’ ‘he/she/it’ and ‘they’.

There was an exception to this. ‘Will’ was used with ‘I and ‘we,’ and ‘shall was used with the other personal pronouns when a firm intention was being expressed, as in:

‘You shall go to the ball,’ said the fairy godmother to Cinderella.
A Grammatical Change in the Use of WILL and SHALL
In modern usage, ‘will’ is now commonly used in most relevant contexts. The future tense of verbs is formed by using ‘will or ‘shall,’ or a contracted form of these, with the infinitive form of the main verb, as in:

i. The new shop will open for business next week.

ii. We will start work tomorrow.

iii. I shall deliver the goods tomorrow.

iv. She will start her duties next week.

v. Believe me, I will finish this in time.

vi. My wife shall have that diamond necklace, however much it costs.

The word ‘shall is sometimes used when questions are being asked or suggestions being made when these relate to the immediate situation, as in:

i. Shall I proceed?

ii. Shall we get going?

In informal and relatively informal contexts, the contracted form is used, as in:

i. Who'll go first?

ii. What'll you have?

iii. I'll go with you.

iv.They'll get the information tomorrow.

The only thing that is new about this is that this contracted form was formerly found only in spoken English, or in very informal written English. Nowadays, in accordance with the new spirit of informality that has spread through the language, this contracted form is used in some more formal contexts. It should still be avoided in most formal contexts.

© Joseph Baidoo
Joseph Baidoo is a Ghanaian and is popularly known on social media as Misty Joe.

Father's Day vs. Fathers Day vs. Fathers' Day – Which Is Really Correct?

So what is the proper punctuation? Is it Father’s Day or Fathers Day? Or is it like April Fools’ Day and punctuated Fathers’ Day?

In this post, we’ll go through the arguments for each variant and then, at the end, advise you as to what we think is the proper way to write the holiday.
Father's Day vs. Fathers Day vs. Fathers' Day – Which Is Really Correct?

Fathers Day: No Apostrophe
The argument for this variant is that the fathers do not own the day itself. The day is a day "for"  fathers, not a day "belonging to" fathers, and, since no possession is involved, there is no need for an apostrophe.

This variant has, in recent years, been gaining traction in British English—being argued that apostrophes are not necessary when “for” is implied and not “belonging to.”

Fathers’ Day: Apostrophe After the “S”
The argument for this variant is the same argument for the spelling of April Fools’ Day, and that is that there are many fathers in the world, and this is all of their day. Therefore, the plural possessive is necessary.

Father’s Day: Apostrophe Before the “S”
The argument for this variant is that the holiday belongs to fathers as individuals as they relate to an individual family. And since the holiday is a day where children recognize their respect and gratitude for their own father, the day is unique to him, giving him ownership over the day and therefore requiring an apostrophe before the “s.”

Which is Correct spelling?
We ultimately side with the traditional use of “Father’s Day,” with the apostrophe before the “s.” We do so for a few reasons.

Firstly, Father’s Day is an officially recognized holiday and, in the United States at least, the official spelling of the holiday is in fact “Father’s Day.” Additionally, both AP Style and Chicago Style call for the singular possessive “Father’s Day.”

Secondly, the argument for the variant “Fathers Day” is not particularly compelling when you keep in mind that the day to which the possession is referring is the holiday. It is correct that fathers do not own the third Sunday in June, but they do own the holiday “Father’s Day” that happens to fall on that day. And if fathers do not own it, who does? Mothers certainly don’t.

Thirdly, Father’s Day is meant to honor fathers as individuals as they relate to a specific family. It was not meant to be a day honoring all fathers of the world or to honor fathers as a collective group.

The Oxford English Dictionary notes that Father’s Day is “A day for recognition of the respect and gratitude felt by children toward their fathers.”

This is the difference between Father’s Day and April Fools’ Day. For Father’s Day, people are celebrating fathers as individual people as they relate to their own families. April Fools’ Day, however, is a day to recognize all of the fools in the world, a collective group. You rarely have one fool—or even a small set of fools—in mind when you speak about April Fools’ Day, which is probably why the day is also called All Fools’ Day. So, while the plural possessive makes sense for the fools of the world, it does not for the fathers.

This is also the reason why it is generally understood that there is no social obligation to wish someone who is not your father a “Happy Father’s Day.” For instance, you would wish anyone a “Merry Christmas” or “Happy New Year” during the holiday season, but you don’t go around wishing just anyone a “Happy Father’s Day” on Father’s Day. This is because Father’s Day is meant to honor fathers as individuals, not a collective group.

History of Father’s Day
Father’s Day actually has a history that is interestingly relevant to the discussion of how to properly punctuate the holiday. The credit for the modern holiday of Father’s Day generally goes to Sonora Dodd. Dodd was one of six children who were raised in a single-parent household by Civil War veteran William Jackson Smart.

Dodd envisioned a holiday similar to Mother’s Day but honoring fathers. Mother’s Day was specifically designed to be singular possessive, “for each family to honor its mother, not a plural possessive commemorating all mothers of the world.” But Dodd, in her original petition to recognize Father’s Day, used “Fathers’ Day,” and not the singular possessive that is traditionally used for Mother’s Day.

The spelling “Father’s Day,” however, was already used in 1913 when the first bill attempting to nationalize the holiday was introduced into Congress, and even though the holiday was not officially recognized until 1972, it still retained the apostrophe after the “s.”

Remember also that since Father’s Day is a holiday, it should always be capitalized. So, if you see “Father’s day” or “father’s day,” make sure to capitalize them.

We have Presidents’ Day, and also April Fools’ Day.

The debate continues

© Joseph Baidoo
Joseph Baidoo is a Ghanaian and is popularly known on social media as Misty Joe.

The Reason Why “In all ramifications” Does Not Mean “In all aspects” Except in Metaphorical Sense

The Reason Why “In all ramifications” Does Not Mean “In all aspects” Except in Metaphorical Sense
Nigerian English speakers say "in all ramifications" to mean "in all aspects," or "in all dimensions." However, "ramifications" (note that it's often pluralized) is widely understood among native English speakers to mean an "unwelcome consequence," as in, "The murder of the soldier is bound to have grave ramifications for the community."

"Ramification" is a derivative of "ramify," which literally means to grow branches. So, ramification can mean branches, an arrangement of branching parts, units of a complex structure, etc. as in, "he broke off one of the ramifications." I think when Nigerian English speakers say "in all ramifications" to mean "in all aspects," or "in all dimensions," they are metaphorically extending the literal meaning of ramification (i.e., the branches of a tree). Although the usage is unidiomatic and nonstandard, I think it is legitimate. Unfortunately, native English speakers are unlikely to understand this peculiarly Nigerian usage of the term.

© Prof. Farooq A. Kperogi

The Difference between a Signpost, a Signboard and a Billboard

These three names are often used interchangeably, but they are not the same. Our differentiation today is based on only a simple principle, not on technical or expert analysis.

In terms of size, the billboard is usually the largest; followed by the signboard, and then the signpost.

signpost is a pole with a sign on it, especially showing the way to a place, the distance to be travelled, or the name of a road.
The Difference between Signpost, Signboard and Billboard
A signpost
signboard is a board or a sign with information on it or showing the name of a business, school, hospital, church, etc.
The Difference between Signpost, Signboard and Billboard
A signboard
billboard is a very large board on which advertisements are shown, especially at the side of a road.
The Difference between Signpost, Signboard and Billboard
A billboard

© Eric Nuamah Korankye

A Brief History of English Vocabulary

Language is no stranger to change. In fact, it reflects everything that happens in life. If it is out there, there must be a word for it. We have witnessed the most amazing number of changes in society in recent decades. Many of them have taken place so rapidly that some of us can scarcely keep up with the speed of change. Join me as we travel back to fish out for the history and changes that have happened to English as a language.
A Brief History of English Vocabulary
An obvious example of how events in a particular country affect language is the effect that the various invaders of what are now the British Isles had on the English language. For example, the Vikings may be best remembered for their plundering and pillaging, but they left behind a useful linguistic heritage. Thanks to them we have words such as law, skill, egg, knife, skate and many more.

The Norman invasion, masterminded by William the Conqueror in 1066, gave rise to even more words entering the English language.

The French influence gave us justice, money, action and village, to name but a few.

English explorers and traders also contributed to the growth of the English language by bringing back words from various places they visited. For example, the language acquired umbrella, granite, and bandit from ITALIAN. Bungalow, cot, shampoo and chintz from HINDI and cigarcork and negro were gotten from SPANISH. This last word (negro) was to cause much controversy in later times and came to be regarded as very offensive.

The Renaissance of the 16th and 17th centuries, with its revival of classical scholarship and a renewed interest in Latin and Greek, had a great effect on the English language. During this time, many Latin and Greek words ended up in English. A few examples include crisis, vital, locate, credible, exclaim, and apparatus.

Over the centuries, there have been many sources that have provided new words for the English language. From Japanese, English has acquired judo, tsunami, karaoke and sushi. From Chinese, the language acquired tea, ketchup and kowtow, and from Yiddish, spielkosher and chutzpah were acquired.

From Russian, English acquired czar/tsarglasnosticon, perestroika and vodka, and Australia supplied it with boomerangbudgerigar and kangaroo. It seems that the English language is like a magpie, forever picking up new shiny items to add to its already rich store. Do not see it as a prostitute.

©Joseph Baidoo
Joseph Baidoo is a Ghanaian and is popularly known on social media as Misty Joe.