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Oct 14, 2016

What Is A Conjunction?

Conjunctions are words that are used in joining two or more grammatical items(it could be words, phrases and clauses).

Types of Conjunction
In English language, we have three types of conjunctions: Co-ordinating Conjunction, Subordinating Conjunction and Correlating Conjunction.

1. Co-ordinating Conjunctions
Co-ordinating conjunctions are conjunctions that link or join two grammatical entities that are of equal status. Co-ordinating conjunctions are 'linkers' and are also called 'main' or 'primary' conjunctions.
There are three Co-ordinating conjunctions in English: 'AND', 'OR' & 'BUT.'

Now let's explain them one by one:

'And' joins two things that are of equal grammatical status and form the semantic point of view, it means addition.
1. Union Bank is big, strong and reliable.
2. Mary and John.

'And' can also mean result, e.g. He drove recklessly and crashed into the river.

It can also mean contrast, e.g. Mary is tall and John is short.

'Or' suggests alternative, e.g. You can study English or History.

It also means restatement, e.g. He is clever or so he thinks he is.

It can join two clauses, e.g.  You can study history or can go to school of Nursing.

'But' as a co-ordinating conjunction  is contrastive. It shows contrast or it means contrast. 

1.John is young but he is lazy.
2.The man is very rich but he is very miserable.

2. Subordinating Conjunctions
Subordinating conjunctions are also called binders. They bind two things that are of unequal grammatical status. Subordinating conjunctions bind a main/independent  clause and a subordinating/dependent clause.

1. If it rains tonight, I will not go out.

2. There will not be peace until men and women love themselves.

3. Whereas he walked out, his sister spent her time parking .

The underlined words are the the co-ordinating conjunctions.

Other Examples of subordinating conjunctions are : if, as, while, whilst, before, although, though, where, until, whereas, because etc.

3. Corrrelative Conjunctions
This type of conjunction involves the use of two conjunctions in linking or joining words, phrases or clauses together. The correlative conjunctions we have are: 'either or' & 'neither nor.'
1. Neither you nor Emeka gave her the money.

2. Either Joy or her sister brought the book.